clarifier sludge Articles

  • Controlling Sludge in Lamella Clarifiers

    This month we are focusing on the control of sludge blanket build up in Lamella Clarifiers. Lamella Clarifiers, also known as Inclined Plate Separators (IPS) are in common use at Waste Water Treatment Sites as small footprint plant settlement units and are often employed in ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Clarifier maintenance

    Clarifiers are expensive, to buy or repair, and their downtime can be costly in fines imposed by regulatory agencies and in community ill will. Regular maintenance, an annual inspection of the mechanism and an occasional touchup of the paint or coating system are simple and inexpensive proactive steps that will usually prevent most problems. Three components of all clarifiers require maintenance: ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Upgrading Pre-Existing DAF Clarifiers

    Whether a Mill is pursuing a facility wide directive to reduce water consumption or simply looking for better performance from a presently installed DAF clarifier, the advancements discussed in this overview offer proven techniques to optimize existing DAF system operations. Significant operational cost reductions can be achieved with DAF System Upgrades. In addition, increasing DAF performance ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Anaerobic co-digestion of sewage sludge and primary clarifier skimmings for increased biogas production

    The objective of the study was to identify the impact of co-digesting clarifier skimmings on the overall methane generation from the treatment plant and additional energy value of the increased methane production. Biogas production from co-digesting clarifier skimmings and sewage sludge in pilot-scale fed-batch mesophilic anaerobic digesters has been evaluated. The digester was fed with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Operator’s Guide to Monitoring Secondary Clarifier Performance

     ABSTRACT The State Point Analysis (SPA) procedure, formalized by Keinath, et. al. (1977), provides exceptional insight into the expected performance of activated sludge secondary sedimentation basins. Yet, the operating guidance offered by the SPA is not employed regularly and with confidence - particularly by operations personnel. Such lack of use may stem from the perceived ...

  • Examination of sludge accumulation rates and sludge characteristics for a decentralized community wastewater treatment systems with individual primary clarifier tanks located in Wardsville (Ontario, Canada)

    In conventional septic systems, settling and partial treatment via anaerobic digestion occurs in the septic tank. One of the byproducts of solids separation in the septic tank is a semi-liquid material known as septage, which must be periodically pumped out. Septage includes the liquid portion within the tank, as well as the sludge that settles at the bottom of the tank and the scum that floats ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rectangular vs. Circular Clarifiers: Which is better?

    Both rectangular and circular configurations have been commonly used in clarifier basins. The relative merits of the two have been discussed at length for decades. Historically, the selection of rectangular versus circular clarifiers has been based on past experience and the preference of the design engineer or design company. Initial wastewater treatment plant designs in the United States were ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Denitrification and Floating Sludge

    What is Denitrification? Denitrification is the conversion of soluble nitrate to nitrogen gas in the nitrogen cycle. For denitrification to occur, three factors are needed: Presence of Nitrate Anoxic conditions (no free dissolved oxygen) A carbon source (soluble BOD) Floating Sludge Denitrification is useful and ...

  • A Site-Specific Tool for Optimizing Final Clarifier Design and Operation

    The final clarifier is one of the most important unit processes and often determines the capacity of a treatment plant. Clarification is a solids separation process, which results in the removal of 99 percent or more of the suspended solids (biological floc) received from the activated sludge system. The separated solids are transported to the bottom of the clarifier and removed as return ...

  • Putting Operators in Control a Straightforward Approach to BNR Clarifier Operation

     ABSTRACT Successful operation of any activated sludge process depends on understanding the capacity of secondary clarifiers. As biological treatment facilities are operated to achieve biological nutrient removal (BNR), a careful balance must be made between reactor and secondary clarifier capacity to achieve the various treatment goals. This paper presents an approach to assist ...

  • Innovative use of lamella clarifiers for central stormwater treatment in separate sewer systems

    Lamella settlers have been used in the past few years for the sedimentation of particles in wastewater and stormwater applications. A new and very innovative approach for the treatment of stormwater flows is proposed which extends the portfolio of solutions beyond traditional settling tanks. Surface runoff is stored in a sewer or a basin and finally treated in a small but continuously operated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High Rate Clarifier Start-up and Operation in Shreveport, Louisiana

     ABSTRACT In 2004, the city of Shreveport received permits from the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to construct and operate a high rate clarifier (HRC) at both the North Regional and Lucas wastewater treatment plants. The HRC provides wastewater treatment for flow in excess of the peak plant capacities. Each HRC unit uses ...

  • The role and control of sludge age in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems

    The sludge age is the most fundamental and important parameter in the design, operation and control of biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge (AS) systems. Generally, the better the effluent and waste sludge quality required from the system, the longer the sludge age, the larger the biological reactor and the more wastewater characteristics need to be known. Controlling the reactor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Novel method for sludge blanket measurements

    The most widely used methods for sludge blanket measurements are based on acoustic or optic principles. In operation, both methods are expensive and often maintenance-intensive. Therefore a novel, reliable and simple method for sludge blanket measurement is proposed. It is based on the differential pressure measurement in the sludge zone compared with the differential pressure in the clear water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • WWTP Sludge reduction case study

    Introduction The City of Spring Valley, IL was seeking bioaugmentation to reduce the economic burden of sludge dredging and disposal and to evaluate the possibility of restoring the microbiological activity in the lagoon. The lagoon was flooded several times from the near-by Illinois River, which created different strata of inorganic silt/organic sludge and densely packed sludge at the ...

  • Getting More Out of Secondary Clarifiers for Wet Weather Flow Management Using State of the Art Tools

    Optimal secondary clarifier performance is crucial to meet secondary treatment requirements, especially when treating peak wet weather flows (PWWFs), to prevent high effluent suspended solids (ESS) concentrations and elevated sludge blankets. A state-of-the-art computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model was successfully used as a design and diagnostic tool to (1) predict secondary clarifier ...

  • Characterizing shallow secondary clarifier performance where conventional flux theory over-estimates allowable solids loading rate

    The performance characteristics of relatively shallow (3.3 and 3.7 m sidewater depth in 30.5 m diameter) activated sludge secondary clarifiers were extensively evaluated during a 2-year testing program at the City of Akron Water Reclamation Facility (WRF), Ohio, USA. Testing included hydraulic and solids loading stress tests, and measurement of sludge characteristics (zone settling velocity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • N2O emissions from secondary clarifiers and their contribution to the total emissions of the WWTP

    Recent studies have indicated that the emissions of nitrous oxide, N2O, constitute a major part of the carbon footprint of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Denitrification occurring in the secondary clarifier basins has been observed by many researchers, but until now N2O emissions from secondary clarifiers have not been widely reported. The objective of this study was to measure ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New sludge blanket level analyzer from Entech

    Entech Design, Inc.’s BinMinder 9300 features a multi-channel analyzer designed for superior sludge level detection in the full range of water and wastewater applications. The system consists of an analyzer that is capable of operating from one to four sensors or transducers for reliable and cost-effective measurement. Measurements are made by transmitting a high frequency sound wave and ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • CH#824 - Steel Production - Activated Sludge

    BackgroundThe treatment plant at this Steel Mill treats approximately 0.3mgd waste from the coke and steel operations. Over the past year the treatment works improved performance and consistently produced a good quality effluent with respect to phenol, suspended solids, ammonia and cyanide. An improvement in performance was required to meet future discharge limits. To achieve this level of ...


    By Bio-Systems International

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