clay drainage Articles

  • Embankment drainage with Terram drainage composites

    Project Design and construction of a new 3km runway, 45m wide with 7.5m shoulders on each side, with taxiways and turning circles, main civils contract £108m; total project cost £172m. Terram Application Terram 1B1 drainage composite was used extensively (some 300,000nr) in the construction of the embankment carrying the runway over the River Bollin ...


    By Terram - a Fiberweb business

  • GCL serves as cost-effective, time saving alternative to compacted clay liner in mine drainage settlement pond

    PROJECT: CONSOL Bailey Mine Tailings Pond LOCATION: West Finley, Pennsylvania PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® SDN BACKGROUND: Bailey Mine, located in Southwestern Pennsylvania and owned by parent company CONSOL Energy Inc., supplies bituminous coal used in the generation of electricity. At the site, coal laden sediment is pumped to ...


    By CETCO

  • Drainage System Stabilization Project case study

    In 1997, a residential development was built upslope from this golf course drainage ditch. It began to erode, but because the ditch was filled with invasive species such as Blackberry and Reed Canary Grass, the erosion was not visible. When the non-native plants were removed to create a new golf course hole, the erosion was evident – in some places more than four feet deep, all the way ...


    By Envirolok LLC

  • Laboratory Properties of a Soft Marine Clay Reinforced with Woven and Nonwoven Geotextiles

    This paper is concerned with the laboratory properties of a geotextile-reinforced compacted soft marine deposit with respect to its compaction, compressive strength, and time-dependent settlement characteristics. Two different geotextiles, namely, Polyfelt TS-500 (nonwoven) and Cardon SG PP 150 (woven) have been investigated. It was observed from the experimental study that a nonwoven geotextile ...


    By ASTM International

  • Pollution level detection in dump clay liners by hyperspectral imaging

    Landfill is the most common and cost–effective method of waste disposal, with collection and transportation accounting for 75% of the total cost. A key point in waste disposal is the picking up and the drainage of percolation fluids to limit the risk of groundwater contamination. Aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility to develop fast and reliable methods to perform an in situ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of Arching on Response Time of Miniature Pore Pressure Transducer in Clay

    A study of the response time of miniature pore pressure transducers embedded in clay soils is presented. The highly nonuniform pore pressure distributions around the transducers due to arching and stress concentration can have a significant effect on transducer response especially when the surrounding soil is loaded anisotropically. This is caused by the difference in compressibility of the soil ...


    By ASTM International

  • In-Plane Flow of Four Geosynthetics for Landfill Drainage

    The in-plane flow behavior of four geosynthetics, including three geonets and one geocomposite, for landfill drainage applications was investigated. Laboratory testing was performed to evaluate the effect of boundary material (cover material), hydraulic gradient, applied normal compressive stress, and time on the flow rate. The boundary materials investigated were a geomembrane, geotextile, sand, ...


    By ASTM International

  • Effects of clay mineral turbidity on dissolved organic carbon and bacterial production

    Effects of inorganic turbidity from clay minerals on allochthonous dissolved organic matter (DOM), its consumption by bacteria and photodegradation by solar radiation were investigated. In controlled experiments of adsorption of DOM of six specific leaf leachates onto montmorillonite, kaolinite, and clay extracted from drainage basin soil, up to 31 mg C of leaf leachate was adsorbed g clay–1. A ...


    By Springer

  • The Role of Jute Geotextile/Slurry Interface Friction on the Bearing Capacity of Clay Slurry

    The layered clay-sand scheme of land reclamation depends on the successful formation of sand seams sandwiched between hydraulically placed layers of marine clay slurry to provide shorter drainage paths for rapid clay consolidation during surcharge application. It is anticipated that a low-cost jute geotextile placed on a clay slurry surface without anchorage will expedite construction of sand ...


    By ASTM International

  • Destabilization dynamics of clay and acid-free polymers of ferric and magnesium salts in AMD without pH adjustment

    The physicochemical treatment was employed to treat acid mine drainage (AMD) in the removal of turbid materials using clay only (exp A) and a combination of clay, FeCl3 and Mg(OH)2 (exp B) to form a polymer. A 5 g sample of clay (bentonite) was added to 1.2 L of AMD and treated in a jar test at 250 rpm for 2 min and reduced to 100 rpm for 10 min. A 200 mL sub-sample from the 1.2 L mother ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of heavy metals by iron oxide coated and natural gravel media in Sustainable urban Drainage Systems

    Sustainable urban Drainage Systems (SuDS) filter drains are simple, low-cost systems utilized as a first defence to treat road runoff by employing biogeochemical processes to reduce pollutants. However, the mechanisms involved in pollution attenuation are poorly understood. This work aims to develop a better understanding of these mechanisms to facilitate improved SuDS design. Since heavy metals ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fe and Mn removal from mining drainage using goaf filling materials obtained from coal mining process

    Coal gangue, sandy soil and clay (mass ratio 45:4:1) as goaf filling materials acquired from coal mining processes were applied to remove Fe and Mn effectively from mining drainage. The results of an adsorption kinetic study showed that the Fe adsorption equation was y = 21.454y + 8.4712, R2 = 0.9924 and the Mn adsorption equation was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of geological mapping tools to improve the hydraulic performance of SuDS

    Most cities in Denmark are situated on low permeable clay rich deposits. These sediments are of glacial origin and range among the most heterogeneous, with hydraulic conductivities spanning several orders of magnitude. This heterogeneity has obvious consequences for the sizing of sustainable urban drainage systems (SuDS). We have tested methods to reveal geological heterogeneity at field scale ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tyre aggregate applications in geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering

    A Tyre Aggregate (TA) is made from scrap/waste rubber tyres. Four types of tyre aggregates are classified, namely the coarse-grained, fine-grained, random and composite tyre aggregates. Applications of these tyre aggregates are varied, but they are often used as geomaterial fills and highway-pavement components. More recently, TA has found application in geoenvironmental engineering. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Virginia dOT slope protection, Collinsville, Virginia

    Prior to 1988, the sandy clay embankments along Route 220 near Collinsville, Virginia were subject to severe erosion and loss of vegetative cover, particularly after heavy rainfalls. The problems were most severe on embankments with steep slopes. These problems persisted despite numerous attempts to stabilize the soil and control surface erosion. In April of 1988, the Virginia Department of ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Santa fe intermodal holding yard, Houston, Texas

    The Sante Fe Railroad intermodal facility in Houston, Texas was plagued by rutting, mud seepage and loss of grade despite repeated overlays with granular material. Loads from yard tractors, forklifts and container handling equipment overstressed the underlying native clay soil. Even loads imposed by parked semi trailer and container chassis caused excessive differential settlement and surface ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Experience with GCLs used as a conductive layer in geomembrane leak-location surveys

    Engineers, installers, regulators, and owners are starting to rely on geomembrane leak-location surveys as part of the construction quality assurance for landfills. The various methods are described in ASTM Standard D 6747.' Standard procedures for conducting leak-location surveys of geomembranes covered with earth materials are described in ASTM Standard D 7007.2 Figure 1 shows the ...

  • Manufacturing ceramic bricks with polyaluminum chloride (PAC) sludge from a water treatment plant

    The objective of this research work is to assess the viability of manufacturing ceramic bricks with sludge from a water treatment plant (WTP) for use in real-world applications. Sludge was collected from settling tanks at the Bolonha WTP, which is located in Belém, capital of the state of Pará, Brazil. After dewatering in drainage beds, sludge was added to the clay at a local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transport and fate of phosphorus during and after manure spill simulations

    Animal manure spills contribute to P loading of surface waters and little is known about the effectiveness of the current manure spill clean-up methods to mitigate P contamination. Manure spill clean-up consists of containing, removing, and land applying the contaminated water column, while P-enriched fluvial sediments remain in place. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to (i) ...

  • Bali’s first modern landfill design case study

    Bangli Regional Landfill in Indonesia’s Bali province is located about 60km outside of Denpasar, the provincial capital and home to more than 500,000 residents. The region hosts Ngurah Rai International Airport—the main entry point into Bali—and numerous tourist destinations along Bali’s popular white sands beaches. When the Indonesian central government approved ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

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