clay liner Articles

  • Performance assessment of deformation behaviour of landfill barriers at the onset of differential settlement

    The present study focuses on the performance of various impervious barriers of cover systems subjected to differential settlements. Various impervious barriers, namely Compacted Clay Liner (CCL), Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) and Fibre Reinforced Clay Liner (FRCL) were subjected to differential settlements artificially in a centrifuge using hydraulic trap-door system. Distinct delay in water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of Clod Size on Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted Clay

    A study has been conducted to identify the causes for field-measured values of hydraulic conductivity of clay liners being typically two orders of magnitude greater than laboratory-measured values. It has been found through laboratory testing on large specimens that the size and gradation of clods and clumps of clay, prior to compaction, can significantly affect the measured hydraulic ...


    By ASTM International

  • Hydraulic conductivity of compacted clay liners permeated with inorganic salt solutions

    Due to their low permeability, geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) and compacted clay liners (CCLs) are the main materials used in waste disposal landfills. The hydraulic conductivity of GCLs and CCLs is closely related to the chemistry of the permeant fluid. In this study, the effect on the hydraulic conductivity of clays of five different inorganic salt solutions as permeant fluid was ...


    By SAGE Publications Ltd

  • Comparing nonreinforced and internally reinforced GCL

    Water is one of the most destructive forces on the planet, eroding everything from continents to human-made wonders. Water is also a vector by which contaminants spread from landfills and other waste reservoirs. Therefore, creating effective water seals has been a top concern in construction. For many years, factory-fabricated clay products have been the barrier of choice against water and other ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Landfill Liners Vary by Application

    It was in 1991 that the Environmental Protection Agency promulgated its Criteria for Municipal Waste Landfills that set location restrictions, design and operating standards, groundwater monitoring requirements, corrective actions, closure requirements, and more for landfills. It was these rules that mandated that landfills be lined on the sides and bottom before waste is deposited and capped on ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Tyre aggregate applications in geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering

    A Tyre Aggregate (TA) is made from scrap/waste rubber tyres. Four types of tyre aggregates are classified, namely the coarse-grained, fine-grained, random and composite tyre aggregates. Applications of these tyre aggregates are varied, but they are often used as geomaterial fills and highway-pavement components. More recently, TA has found application in geoenvironmental engineering. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • GCL serves as cost-effective, time saving alternative to compacted clay liner in mine drainage settlement pond

    PROJECT: CONSOL Bailey Mine Tailings Pond LOCATION: West Finley, Pennsylvania PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® SDN BACKGROUND: Bailey Mine, located in Southwestern Pennsylvania and owned by parent company CONSOL Energy Inc., supplies bituminous coal used in the generation of electricity. At the site, coal laden sediment is pumped to ...


    By CETCO

  • Low-permeability liner solution for coal-ash by-products

    PROJECT: TVA Kingston Gypsum Pond Expansion LOCATION: Harriman, Tennessee PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® 600CL BENTOMAT® CL EASY ROLLER™ Deployment System BACKGROUND: As part of its emissions control at the Kingston Fossil Plant, flue gas desulfurization is performed, which creates as a by-product a synthetic ...


    By CETCO

  • Assessment of microsilica as a value–added material for municipal solid waste clay liner system

    This study was carried out to provide landfill clay liner soil along with admixture microsilica in different proportions. The physico–chemical characteristics were carried out to characterise the selected liners. The optimum conditions vis., time of adsorption, adsorbent dosage and pH were studied for the liners. The optimum pH values for COD removals are determined for clay soil, mix 1 : 20, mix ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mine tailings storage facility bottom liner system - Case Study

    Project Details Barrick Goldstrike Gold Mine, Elko NV Location Elko, Nevada Products Used BENTOMAT DN The Goldstrike mine is located about 60 kilometers northwest of Elko, Nevada. The Barrick Goldstriketailings bottom liner system consisted of an 80 mil HDPE textured ...


    By CETCO

  • Federal motorway A6 Mannheim-Heilbronn case study

    Stable RiStWag -construction guidelines for roadways in water preservation areas Included in the A6 federal motorway construction project lot Mannheim – Heilbronn/Weinsberg, AS Bad Rappenau – AS Neckarsulm is the widening of km 631+640 and km 641+060 to six lanes. This section is runs through a water preservation zone, type IIIa, protected under RiStWag. Because of this, a ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Designing With Geosynthetic Clay Liners

    In construction, preventing the penetration of liquids and gases is essential to maintaining the integrity of a structure. Often, containment is just as important, especially when dealing with chemical contaminants or other waste. When looking to stop the spread of contaminated liquids and gases, there are few tools as effective as geosynthetic clay liners (GCL). Read on to learn how to design ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • In-situ stabilization of contaminated sediments at former pesticide facility case study

    Project: West Doane Lake Location: Portland, OR Products: Organoclay® Organic Adsorption Media, Bentomat® ST Geosynthetic Clay Liner Background: Clean-up action was approved by the DEQ for contaminated sediments in West Doane Lake at the former Rhone Poulenc pesticide manufacturing facilitysite located in Northwest ...


    By CETCO

  • In-Plane Flow of Four Geosynthetics for Landfill Drainage

    The in-plane flow behavior of four geosynthetics, including three geonets and one geocomposite, for landfill drainage applications was investigated. Laboratory testing was performed to evaluate the effect of boundary material (cover material), hydraulic gradient, applied normal compressive stress, and time on the flow rate. The boundary materials investigated were a geomembrane, geotextile, sand, ...


    By ASTM International

  • Assessing Frost Damage in Compacted Clay Liners

    Methods used to assess frost damage (here defined as a large increase in hydraulic conductivity) in compacted clay liners are reviewed and evaluated using data collected from two test pads that were instrumented and then exposed to winter weather. The methods include comparisons of measurements of either water content and dry unit weight or hydraulic conductivity made before and after winter ...


    By ASTM International

  • Lining of the Border Checkpoint Embankment in Zosin, Poland - Case Study

    Project Details Extension of the border checkpoint for cars in Zosin Location Eastern borderline of the European Union (Poland – Ukraine) in Zosin, Horodło commune, Poland Products Used BENTOMAT SP geosynthetic clay liner, TRINTER ...


    By CETCO

  • Experience with GCLs used as a conductive layer in geomembrane leak-location surveys

    Engineers, installers, regulators, and owners are starting to rely on geomembrane leak-location surveys as part of the construction quality assurance for landfills. The various methods are described in ASTM Standard D 6747.' Standard procedures for conducting leak-location surveys of geomembranes covered with earth materials are described in ASTM Standard D 7007.2 Figure 1 shows the ...

  • Pollution level detection in dump clay liners by hyperspectral imaging

    Landfill is the most common and cost–effective method of waste disposal, with collection and transportation accounting for 75% of the total cost. A key point in waste disposal is the picking up and the drainage of percolation fluids to limit the risk of groundwater contamination. Aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility to develop fast and reliable methods to perform an in situ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • GCL used in stormwater pond helps maintain natural habitat for local cutthroat trout

    PROJECT: Kearns Meadow Stormwater Pond LOCATION: Jackson, Wyoming PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® CL BACKGROUND: Kearns Meadow consists of 41-acres of land in the middle of Jackson, Wyoming. It contains approximately one mile of Flat Creek, which serves as an important spawning habitat for local cutthroat trout. ...


    By CETCO

  • The Lighter Side of Geomembranes

    Geomembrane installations often cover substantial areas. Landfill cells pose enormous footprints. Oil and gas pits, industrial processing ponds, and wastewater containment ponds are large installations too, and each year they tend to be built a little larger. The scaling up of these facilities is not just a matter of achieving better operational economics for the ...


    By Nilex

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