clean air protocol Articles

  • Ozone depleting substances (ODS) and The Montreal Protocol

    The Montreal Protocol, officially called the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, is an international treaty created to reduce the damage being caused to the stratospheric ozone layer by air pollutants such as refrigerant gases. The ozone layer protects the earth from damaging UV-B radiation, which could lead to increased cases of skin cancer, damaged crops and marine ...


    By Verisae

  • Protocol for Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation Using Emulsified Edible Oil

    An in-depth discussion of the EOS® patented technology and its usefulness for site remediation is presented. Details of how the technology works, design considerations as well as strengths and limitations of the technology are presented. 1.1 INTRODUCTION Management of groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents, perchlorate, and explosives is one of the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Effects of UV Ozone for air room and deep cleaning disinfection purposes Version:1.0

    According to the EPA and American Medical Association (AMA), studies indicate that indoor levels of many pollutants may be 25 times and occasionally more than 200 times higher than outdoor levels. While older buildings present the issue of a large buildup of contaminants over time, today’s buildings are built so air tight that the health risks may be even greater. According to the EPA, ...

  • Climate change & clean technology: from challenge to opportunity

    Over the past few years, climate change and sustainability have been catapulted to the forefront of headline news. As ongoing public pressure for improved environmental stewardship continues to mount, governments are actively pursuing legislation, including regulations, to accelerate positive change. We have already witnessed significant regulatory, policy and legal changes related to lower ...

  • G8 Gleneagles 2005: Climate change, clean energy and sustainable development

    Untitled Document The doubling of ...


  • Air Pollution Is Making Office Workers Less Productive

    Businesses invest a great deal of time and money in interventions that claim to increase workers’ productivity through on-the-job training, new protocols, advice from consultants, and so on. Recent research suggests that there’s a surprising input into productivity that no one ever thinks about: clean air. We all know that air pollution is bad for our health, and researchers ...


    By Camfil Ltd

  • Air Separation Plants and the Use of Oxygen Monitors

    Air separation plants are critical for many different industries, from clean energy to manufacturing. Nowadays, cryogenic is the most common type of distillation used to separate air into its component gases - nitrogen, oxygen, and inert gases including helium and argon. If your industry relies on air separation for product development or manufacturing, then knowing how the process works is ...

  • Minimising Risks to Air Quality and Regulatory Compliance With Total Filter Management

    It has been shown in recent studies that as much as 25% of the total site operating budget (excluding raw material costs) for a typical medium-large dosage-form manufacturing facility will be spent on compliance measures for internal quality systems and external regulatory activities. (1) Market realities indicate that the pharmaceutical companies will need to address the overall cost of ...


    By GVS Filter Technology

  • Composting releases less air pollution than previously thought - study

    A new study funded by the California Integrated Waste Board (CIWMB) indicates that well-managed composting of green waste and food waste releases significantly less air pollution than previously thought. The study also demonstrates that a relatively inexpensive management technique - covering active compost piles with a layer of finished compost - may lower air emissions even further, by as ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Ozone precursor analysis using a thermal desorption-GC System

    In the United States, the Clean Air Act of 1970 gave the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) responsibility for maintaining clean air for health and welfare. Six parameters are measured routinely in ambient air: SOx, NOx, PM10 (particulate matter less than 10 microns), Pb, CO and ozone. In the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Title 1 expanded the measurements in air to include volatile ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • How to better manage refrigerant gases in order to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs)

    Carbon emissions reporting requires detailed monitoring record keeping of emission sources. Reducing a company's CO2 emissions has an impact on climate change. Carbon reporting needs to be approached in a structured organized way. Doing so in this way is known as carbon management. Carbon (CO2) Emissions Reporting: It's the law. In many countries, carbon emissions are required by law to be ...


    By Verisae

  • Emission scopes help to categorize greenhouse gas (GHGs) reporting efforts

    Emission scopes are being used to determine the category of chemical and usage area, so that facilities can understand and monitor their greenhouse gas impact. The US Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocol have established that emissions of harmful substances must be controlled worldwide. When discharged into the air, these chemicals can cause severe damage to the global environment. Three ...


    By Verisae

  • Oxygen Monitor for FOUPs in Semiconductors and Cleanrooms

    Over time, the contamination control requirements in the semiconductor industry have become more stringent. Employees now must spend more time adhering to cleaning protocols to preserve the sanitary nature of the environment and comply with regulations. The front-end unified pod (or FOUP) began appearing in semiconductors in the 1990s, serving as a transportation box to safely and ...

  • EPA enforcement of the ozone depleting substance (ODS) regulations

    Is Your Organization Flirting With EPA Compliance Risk? The EPA Enforcement Office will issue fines for undocumented refrigerant gas usage as it relates to ozone depleting substances. Do you know how to mitigate this compliance risk? The phase-out program of refrigerant gas is now in full swing and facilities that use equipment requiring the use of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are at risk for ...


    By Verisae

  • How organizations can comply with the HCFC phase out

    The HCFC phase out, of specifically R-22 refrigerant gas, is intended to decrease and eventually eliminate the production and use of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). The government directive impacts facilities in developed countries that fall under the Montreal Protocol or the U.S. Clean Air Act. A schedule has been developed for entities that use commercial refrigeration, air-conditioning ...


    By Verisae

  • On the up

    The global carbon markets traded an estimated € 92 billion worth of carbon credits in 2008. 4.9 billion t of CO2 equivalent (CO2e) of greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions changed hands under the various international, regional, national and sub-national carbon trading schemes that together make up the global carbon marketplace. These figures demonstrate the phenomenal expansion and maturation of the ...

  • Reporting of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to be mandated for top 13,000 facilities

    The newly formed Obama administration has listed greenhouse gas (GHG) tracking and reporting as a major goal, with the objective of protecting the future of the environment by reducing today's carbon footprint. If no action were taken, the makeup of the earth would significantly altered. Future actions will establish a market drive carbon cap and trade program to drive GHG emissions ...


    By Verisae

  • Can the U.S. get there from here? Using existing federal laws and state action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

    U.S. greenhouse gas emissions are expected to rise unless additional policy actions are taken. This report identifies a suite of policies that the Administration can pursue that do not require new legislation by the U.S. Congress. If pursued with “go-getter” level ambition, those policies can reduce U.S. emissions 17 percent below 2005 levels in 2020. Key Findings Without new ...

  • California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32): Early actions for refrigerant gas management

    How to stay ahead and address the early action requirements for Stationary Equipment Refrigerant Management to be included in updates to AB 32. The California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32), first passed in 2006 with additional early actions taking effect in 2010, is a broad and comprehensive directive with the goal of reducing greenhouse gasses (GHGs) by approximately 25% by the year ...


    By Verisae

  • How to reverse the causes of ozone layer destruction

    Since the causes of ozone layer depletion were identified, solutions were put into place to reduce or eliminate their usage. The U.S. Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocols address the problem internationally. The goal of these treaties is to stop the damage to the ozone layer by phasing out known contributors.Although there are numerous causes of ozone layer depletion, chloroflurocarbons have ...


    By Verisae

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