climate change protocol Articles

  • EU climate policy: research support for Kyoto and beyond. Policy/research interface workshops series

    This paper contains a synthesis report of four research/policy interface workshops organised by the European Commission. The workshops were designed to provide direct and timely support for the development of the European Commission's approach to the Kyoto Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 1997, and to its follow-up. The workshops ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The language of flexibility and the flexibility of language

    Flexibility instruments such as joint implementation and emissions trading have played an important part in climate change policy negotiations since before the signing of the Framework Convention on Climate Change. They are likely to remain an important feature of future negotiations. This paper examines the characteristics of the various flexibility mechanisms introduced by the Kyoto Protocol. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate, a crossroads negotiation

    Conscious for 30 years of the prospect of climatic reheating and the harsh changes associated with it, the international community has tried to set up a world climatic architecture likely to slow down and contain, at acceptable levels, the foreseeable evolution. A stack of agreements (Rio 92, Kyoto Protocol, Copenhagen and Cancun Summits) resulted from these international negotiations, mixing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate change negotiations: an analysis of the Kyoto Protocol

    This article gives a detailed legal analysis of the Kyoto Protocol's key provisions. The analysis includes a presentation of the negotiations' historical, institutional and political context, and of the positions of the different players. It describes the future challenges relating to the implementation of the Protocol and its possible strengthening.Keywords: climate change, implementation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developing countries and climate change

    This paper is a discussion of the policies of developing countries in the negotiations on climate change. To most developing countries, this is not considered a major issue (except for OASIS countries) but it was used as an instrument for leveraging their claims for a better distribution of wealth among nations and an increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA). The adoption of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate change mitigation: overview of the environmental policy instruments

    Climate variability has been observed over a long period of time and is considered a natural process occurring on Earth. Climate change, however, is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere in addition to natural phenomena. Global climate governance requires a broad area of measures and policies to be implemented worldwide to tackle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The status and the actions to implement the Kyoto Protocol in Italy: problems and perspectives

    In this article, the authors point out main problems and perspectives related to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Italy. After a brief and general introduction for explaining main concerns and institutional frameworks involved in the development of international procedures suitable to deal with the problem at a global level, the status of Italian actions in the different economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preface – Climate change: what is at stake?

    The second Earth Summit in Rio will open in 2012. The debate will concern the ability of the world to face its future and the participants will hope to provide answers. Climate change and its challenges will be on the agenda, and recommendations will be advanced and the aim will be to implement them quickly. More than any other area, the climate negotiations have all the ingredients that cause ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dynamic consistency problems behind the Kyoto Protocol

    This paper examines the economic rationale behind both the quantitative targets and the flexibility mechanisms adopted in the Kyoto Protocol. It synthesises some theoretical dimensions of the debate about the socalled "when flexibility" of climate policies, explaining the importance of the interplay between uncertainty and techno-economic inertia. Numerical results show that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Has the Kyoto Protocol reached its main goal? A brief review

    This paper critically analyses the International policy on climate change, the role of the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and the GHG emissions, particularly CO2. Also the commitment of the different countries to reduce or limit these emissions, the development of carbon sinks and the flexible mechanisms that uses credit trading between countries members. The work also highlights ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Limiting greenhouse gas emissions: is the Cancun agreement enough?

    The objective set by the IPPC of limiting the increase in average global temperature to +2°C compared with the pre–industrial era is now accepted by all concerned. This ambitious objective was recognised at the Copenhagen Conference in 2009 and confirmed at Cancun in 2010. There are still no restrictive measures, but to achieve this objective, the main countries contributing to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Technical Regulations and Standards on Climate Change in 2004 - 2005 - Cases of European Union, China, Japan and Korea

    In this globalised (and, in a sense, harmonised) world, a country and even an entity is not so free to play a game without complying with international and national rules of game. As usual, there exists dilemma on these rules of game in the real world. Even though international rules and national rules are closely interacting each other, in principle, international rules only provides commonly ...

  • Does the CDM contribute to sustainable development? Evidence from the AIJ Pilot Phase

    The purpose of the Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) programme is to foster the transfer of technology for global warming abatement from developed to developing countries. Projects should not only reduce greenhouse gases, but also contribute to the sustainable development goals of host countries. However, given the lack of consensus regarding the definition and measurement of sustainable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Allocation of ecologically allowable carbon emissions to countries as a key to more effective post–Kyoto Protocol climate change mitigation law

    The paper proposes novel carbon indicators as effective control instruments to design the post–Kyoto Protocol climate change mitigation law. The allocation of Ecologically Allowable Carbon Emissions (EACE) to countries show that a group of countries needs no emissions reductions today because their actual carbon emissions are below the EACE. The presented approach offers improved flexibility ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Geoengineering climate Change: Treating the symptom over the cause?

    The present article by Crutzen (2006) on the use of albedo enhancement to address the problem of greenhouse warming is bound to evoke diverse reactions among the community. It is important to note that Crutzen argues that this idea be studied in depth and openly before any large scale action is taken. A basic assumption to this approach is that we, humans, understand the Earth system sufficiently ...


    By Springer

  • Analysis of greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2004

    This report provides a detailed analysis and background information for the EEA report ‘Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2004 — Progress by the EU and its Member States towards achieving their Kyoto ...

  • Improving the clean development mechanism with sustainability-rating and rewarding system

    As the world contemplates a post-Kyoto Protocol climate change policy architecture, some key observations of the clean development mechanism (CDM) remind us that climate change policies should be linked more closely to the promotion of sustainability. A sustainability-rated CDM (SR-CDM) is proposed in this paper; it applies the gold standard as a way of assessing the sustainability value of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate Change Central Develops Nitrogen Quantification Protocols with ClimateCHECK

    Climate Change Central is a unique public-private partnership that promotes the development of innovative responses to global climate change. The organization helps Alberta businesses, governments and other stakeholders work together to pursue greenhouse gas reduction initiatives. In 2007, Climate Change Central was collaborating with Alberta Environment, an international agricultural product ...


    By ClimateCHECK

  • Climate Change Central Develops Nitrogen Quantifi cation Protocols with ClimateCHECK

    Climate Change Central is a unique public-private partnership that promotes the development of innovative responses to global climate change. The organization helps Alberta businesses, governments and other stakeholders work together to pursue greenhouse gas reduction initiatives. In 2007, Climate Change Central was collaborating with Alberta Environment, an international agricultural product ...


    By ClimateCHECK

  • Formalising the building sector in the renewal of international climate change treaty

    The global communities, in the course of strategising actions to combat global warming, have recognised the huge potential of the building sector to mitigate climate change through reducing the sector's greenhouse gases emission. International organisations have begun campaigning for the building sector to be fully recognised in the renewal of international climate change treaty that will replace ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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