climate change protocol Articles

  • Climate change negotiations: an analysis of the Kyoto Protocol

    This article gives a detailed legal analysis of the Kyoto Protocol's key provisions. The analysis includes a presentation of the negotiations' historical, institutional and political context, and of the positions of the different players. It describes the future challenges relating to the implementation of the Protocol and its possible strengthening.Keywords: climate change, implementation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate Change Central Develops Nitrogen Quantification Protocols with ClimateCHECK

    Climate Change Central is a unique public-private partnership that promotes the development of innovative responses to global climate change. The organization helps Alberta businesses, governments and other stakeholders work together to pursue greenhouse gas reduction initiatives. In 2007, Climate Change Central was collaborating with Alberta Environment, an international agricultural product ...


    By ClimateCHECK

  • Climate Change Central Develops Nitrogen Quantifi cation Protocols with ClimateCHECK

    Climate Change Central is a unique public-private partnership that promotes the development of innovative responses to global climate change. The organization helps Alberta businesses, governments and other stakeholders work together to pursue greenhouse gas reduction initiatives. In 2007, Climate Change Central was collaborating with Alberta Environment, an international agricultural product ...


    By ClimateCHECK

  • Developing countries and climate change

    This paper is a discussion of the policies of developing countries in the negotiations on climate change. To most developing countries, this is not considered a major issue (except for OASIS countries) but it was used as an instrument for leveraging their claims for a better distribution of wealth among nations and an increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA). The adoption of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol – A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

    1. What is the aim of the Communication? The Communication sets out the EU's vision for a transparent and dynamic, legally binding United Nations climate change agreement that sets the world on a pathway to prevent global warming from reaching dangerous levels. International negotiations are under way and are set to be finalised at the UN climate conference in Paris in December 2015. ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • The changing climate for United States law

    Just a few years ago, the subject of American climate change law would not merit an article like this one, let alone the book that the American Bar Association has recently published on the subject.1 But the United States has changed, at least somewhat. At the moment, most important United States climate change law consists of state and local law, but there are signs that the federal government ...

  • Preface – Climate change: what is at stake?

    The second Earth Summit in Rio will open in 2012. The debate will concern the ability of the world to face its future and the participants will hope to provide answers. Climate change and its challenges will be on the agenda, and recommendations will be advanced and the aim will be to implement them quickly. More than any other area, the climate negotiations have all the ingredients that cause ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What is ambition in the context of climate change?

    Ambition is a word often used in the context of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. While most people think of ambition as a strong desire to achieve something, the word has a more specific meaning when it comes to international climate action. What Does Ambition Mean and Why Is it ...

  • How the media is creating a climate for change

    IPCC chair R. K. Pachauri calls on journalists to maintain focus on the scientific rationale for action in their coverage of climate change. The media has played a central role in spreading awareness on climate change over the past two years. I find this particularly satisfying because when I was elected vice-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1997, I highlighted the ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Quantifying flexibility in combating climate change: modelling the implications of flexibility mechanisms in the climate change negotiations

    With the "International Trading of Emission Allowances" (ITEA) model, we have analysed the flexibility mechanisms provided for in the Kyoto Protocol. Three main mechanisms of flexibility are analysed differentiation of initial commitments, multiple sources, and locational flexibility (trading). A differentiation of commitments could help the evolution of commitments, especially with a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic Evaluation of Quantitative Objectives for Climate Change

    This study identifies the least-cost packages of specific policies and measures for meeting the Community's quantitative reduction targets for greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol. The study analyses separately carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emissions, and how the different sectors of the economy (i.e. power production, industry, tertiary-domestic, transport, waste sector and ...

  • Allocation of ecologically allowable carbon emissions to countries as a key to more effective post–Kyoto Protocol climate change mitigation law

    The paper proposes novel carbon indicators as effective control instruments to design the post–Kyoto Protocol climate change mitigation law. The allocation of Ecologically Allowable Carbon Emissions (EACE) to countries show that a group of countries needs no emissions reductions today because their actual carbon emissions are below the EACE. The presented approach offers improved flexibility ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Executive Order 13514 tackles climate change

    We've seen over the course of 2009 how difficult politics in Washington can be. There seems little doubt that everyone is now aware of the challenges that we face in relation to carbon emissions, greenhouse gases and climate change in general. Through our reliance on fossil fuels and thirst for energy, our civilization has caused significant damage to the natural environment. Nevertheless, ...


    By Verisae

  • Forecast: Brazil - national climate change plan

    Law 12.187 of 29 December 2009 institutes the National Climate Change Policy of Brazil. While debate rages on over whether or not Copenhagen was effective, Brazil has taken a meaningful step to reduce its projected greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions by approximately 37% by 2020. Much of this reduction will come from cuts in deforestation rates. In addition, projected anthropogenic emissions will ...

  • Confronting climate change: The necessity for social solidarity

    Each and every one of us is a guest on Planet Earth; this is where we live, being all members of an ecologically interdependent society. We often though tend to forget that we are only simple guests. Our interaction with the planet forms a strong bondage amongst us. This includes all societies and all planets’ environments, since an environmental issue may have transboundary, regional or even ...


    By LDK Consultants

  • Joint action on climate change: Key resources

    Who’s linking climate change, development, and disaster reduction? Ilan Kelman rounds up vital sources and voices. Many useful and mainly free online resources reflect the links amongst climate change, development and disaster risk reduction — the following are some key organisations and documents. Focus on climate change ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • 2015 World Climate Summit in Paris: Striving for a Follow-Up to the Kyoto Protocol

    For years, the world’s heads of state and government have been striving for a new regulation to follow up the Kyoto Protocol—so far without success. However, time is of the essence. If the states do not finally agree on binding targets at the upcoming climate conference in Paris and also implement these targets consistently, global warming will continue to intensify. It’s time ...


    By SMA Solar

  • Climate Change Initiatives are Heating Up in the United States

    If you thought the reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would not affect you, think again! The climate change issue is heating up in the United States even though we are not a party to the Kyoto Protocol. With the number of extreme weather events tripling in the past 50 years, the global average level of the sea increasing, and the amount of snow cover declining,1 U.S. citizens want to ...

  • Climate change mitigation: overview of the environmental policy instruments

    Climate variability has been observed over a long period of time and is considered a natural process occurring on Earth. Climate change, however, is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere in addition to natural phenomena. Global climate governance requires a broad area of measures and policies to be implemented worldwide to tackle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S.-China agreement on HFCs a `Breakthrough` on climate change

    During the U.S.-China informal summit this weekend, President Obama and President Xi agreed to advance cooperation on climate change by reducing emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a potent greenhouse gas. According to the announcement, the countries will work under the Montreal ...

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