climate modeling Articles

  • Arctic Polar Research - A Global Responsibility

    Due to climate change and geopolitical trends, the Polar Regions (particularly the Arctic) are increasingly becoming the focus of scientific, political, and economic interests. Much of the global climate is driven by forces that originate in the Arctic. The Arctic sea ice is receding faster than climate models have predicted, and the movement of freshwater into and around the Arctic plays an ...

  • Wind Energy Production Estimates: Moving Beyond Time Averages

    No need to be a statistician to see that averages are often useful to compare different things. And yet, they often fall short as a true measure of performance. For instance, we use averages to compare the current weather against the climate normals or to get a sense of how our favorite sport team or player is doing. Team (player) statistics are a concise way of combining the scores from many ...


    By AWS Truepower, LLC

  • Determining Proper Cooling Tower Size

    To maximize water-based cooling tower benefits, the appropriate tower size must be selected, requiring the identification of several critical factors. Cooling towers are a relatively inexpensive and reliable way of expelling heat from a number of industrial processes, including nuclear & thermal power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, as well as HVAC ...


    By Delta Cooling Towers, Inc

  • The origins of integrated models of climate change

    The Club of Rome's report The Limits to Growth, published in 1972, asserted the necessity to stop economic and demographic growth in order to avoid the collapse of the world system. It summarised several heterogeneous approaches of the future, somewhere between an ecologically alarmist approach and a typically managerial approach of technological forecasting. The report caused a storm in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the consideration of mesoscale transports in climate modelling

    The dynamical effect of land surface heterogeneity on heat fluxes in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is investigated using numerical simulations with a nonhydrostatic model over a wide range of grid resolutions. It is commonly assumed that mesoscale or dynamical fluxes associated with mesoscale and convective circulations simulated by a high-resolution model (subgrid (SG) model) on the ...


    By Springer

  • Out with climate change, in with climate risk

    The impacts of the negative externalities caused by human actions and inactions towards the environment are often shrouded by the bickering debates of scientists, environmentalists, politicians and other stakeholders regarding the science of climate change. While the 'controversy' surrounding climate change continues, the realities of climate-related disasters are very true as ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Negotiation and optimality in an economic model of global climate change

    We suggest a two-country, two-sector model as a basis for the control of global climate change in which the dynamic time path of the world economy is analysed under the provision that the outcomes of a negotiation game generate the global optimal solution. Keywords: economics of climate change, negotiation, international ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling the hydrologic effects of land-use and climate changes

    Climate and land use affect water quantity and quality; however, the complex relations of climate and land use regarding flow and instream nutrient levels have yet to be elucidated. This study aims to assess the hydrologic effects of different land-use and climatic regimes in the Lower Great Miami River Basin. The modelling results from BASINS showed that, as expected, agricultural lands and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • This remote region of India is becoming a model of climate resilience

    Climate change is inherently a global phenomenon, but changing weather patterns are more often felt at the regional and local level. And as the United Nations and others have reported, the impacts of global warming will disproportionately impact those living in developing countries with ...


    By Ensia

  • Simulation of Climatic Conditions in Centrifuge Model Tests

    A review is presented of the need for simulation of effects associated with tide, rainfall, temperature variations, etc., in geotechnical centrifuge models. Interest in the overall theme was generated by a perceived need to model rainfall in long-term testing of models of an embankment which was otherwise found to dry out. The system used to overcome this particular problem is outlined, and ...


    By ASTM International

  • Climate science in Australia with particular reference to climate change

    The factors governing the global circulation of the atmosphere are briefly discussed and the unique situation in the Southern Hemisphere is described. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation phenomenon exerts a major influence on the climate of the Pacific and leads to extreme variability of climate. Any changes due to human-induced greenhouse gas emissions must be set against this variability. Models ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards a definition of climate science

    The intrinsic difficulties in building realistic climate models and in providing complete, reliable and meaningful observational datasets, and the conceptual impossibility of testing theories against data imply that the usual Galilean scientific validation criteria do not apply to climate science. The different epistemology pertaining to climate science implies that its answers cannot be singular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate, a crossroads negotiation

    Conscious for 30 years of the prospect of climatic reheating and the harsh changes associated with it, the international community has tried to set up a world climatic architecture likely to slow down and contain, at acceptable levels, the foreseeable evolution. A stack of agreements (Rio 92, Kyoto Protocol, Copenhagen and Cancun Summits) resulted from these international negotiations, mixing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamics of climate change

    Climate modelling is discussed from a thermodynamic point of view, using a control volume approach in which the environment and a superficial layer of the earth form the volume, concentric spherical shell of predominantly gaseous content with a thin layer of the earth. An energy equation that includes anthropogenic heat is suggested based on the mass balance of fossil fuel introduced into the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate variations for the last millennium

    Variability and long-term climate change in the Baltic Sea region have been investigated in a 1000-year long climate model simulation. For the first time long-term climate variations over the region have been simulated with a regional climate model. Solar variability, changes in orbital parameters and changes in greenhouse gases over the last millennium are used to force the models. The results ...

  • Climate monitoring - meeting the challenge

    Average global temperatures are on the increase, ice and snow cover is disappearing fast and sea levels are rising. In addition, severe weather situations are becoming more frequent and more extreme. There is clear evidence that the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans are warming: 11 of the 12 years in the period 1995-2006 were among the 12 warmest since 1850. Climate change is a reality and it is ...

  • The domino effect in climate change

    This paper provides a concise summary of the natural and the anthropogenic greenhouse effect and the major causes for climate change. This summary may be particularly accessible for readers who are not familiar with natural sciences. Building on these explanations, we develop a simplifying atmospheric model that demonstrates a widely unknown aspect of global warming: the greenhouse effect ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heat waves and climate change

    There has been a remarkable run of record shattering heat waves in recent years, from the Russian heat wave of 2010 that set forests ablaze to the historic heat wave in Texas in 2011 and the Summer in March in the U.S. Midwest in 2012. These events typify the ongoing trend driven by climate change. Climate change is already affecting extreme weather. The National Academy of Sciences reports that ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Climate change case study

    European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) commissioned a team of scientists to assess the change in vulnerability of EU Member States to infectious disease over the next fifty years as a result of projected changes in climate. Vose lead the modelling part of the project, developing a range of indices that allowed ‘heat maps’ to be produced showing regions down to ...

  • Driving climate change

    This autumn the European Parliament and Council of Ministers are expected to cast their final votes on fuel efficiency standards for cars. The EU positions itself as a world leader on climate change, yet it has steadfastly failed to stand up to he car lobby. If the EU does not effectively legislate for greater fuel efficiency, it is in danger of failing to meet its own 2020 greenhouse gas ...


    By Greenpeace International

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