climate modeling Articles

  • The origins of integrated models of climate change

    The Club of Rome's report The Limits to Growth, published in 1972, asserted the necessity to stop economic and demographic growth in order to avoid the collapse of the world system. It summarised several heterogeneous approaches of the future, somewhere between an ecologically alarmist approach and a typically managerial approach of technological forecasting. The report caused a storm in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the consideration of mesoscale transports in climate modelling

    The dynamical effect of land surface heterogeneity on heat fluxes in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is investigated using numerical simulations with a nonhydrostatic model over a wide range of grid resolutions. It is commonly assumed that mesoscale or dynamical fluxes associated with mesoscale and convective circulations simulated by a high-resolution model (subgrid (SG) model) on the ...


    By Springer

  • Simulation of Climatic Conditions in Centrifuge Model Tests

    A review is presented of the need for simulation of effects associated with tide, rainfall, temperature variations, etc., in geotechnical centrifuge models. Interest in the overall theme was generated by a perceived need to model rainfall in long-term testing of models of an embankment which was otherwise found to dry out. The system used to overcome this particular problem is outlined, and ...


    By ASTM International

  • Out with climate change, in with climate risk

    The impacts of the negative externalities caused by human actions and inactions towards the environment are often shrouded by the bickering debates of scientists, environmentalists, politicians and other stakeholders regarding the science of climate change. While the 'controversy' surrounding climate change continues, the realities of climate-related disasters are very true as ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Thermodynamics of climate change

    Climate modelling is discussed from a thermodynamic point of view, using a control volume approach in which the environment and a superficial layer of the earth form the volume, concentric spherical shell of predominantly gaseous content with a thin layer of the earth. An energy equation that includes anthropogenic heat is suggested based on the mass balance of fossil fuel introduced into the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Negotiation and optimality in an economic model of global climate change

    We suggest a two-country, two-sector model as a basis for the control of global climate change in which the dynamic time path of the world economy is analysed under the provision that the outcomes of a negotiation game generate the global optimal solution. Keywords: economics of climate change, negotiation, international ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate, a crossroads negotiation

    Conscious for 30 years of the prospect of climatic reheating and the harsh changes associated with it, the international community has tried to set up a world climatic architecture likely to slow down and contain, at acceptable levels, the foreseeable evolution. A stack of agreements (Rio 92, Kyoto Protocol, Copenhagen and Cancun Summits) resulted from these international negotiations, mixing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • This remote region of India is becoming a model of climate resilience

    Climate change is inherently a global phenomenon, but changing weather patterns are more often felt at the regional and local level. And as the United Nations and others have reported, the impacts of global warming will disproportionately impact those living in developing countries with ...


    By Ensia

  • Modelling the hydrologic effects of land-use and climate changes

    Climate and land use affect water quantity and quality; however, the complex relations of climate and land use regarding flow and instream nutrient levels have yet to be elucidated. This study aims to assess the hydrologic effects of different land-use and climatic regimes in the Lower Great Miami River Basin. The modelling results from BASINS showed that, as expected, agricultural lands and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Driving climate change

    This autumn the European Parliament and Council of Ministers are expected to cast their final votes on fuel efficiency standards for cars. The EU positions itself as a world leader on climate change, yet it has steadfastly failed to stand up to he car lobby. If the EU does not effectively legislate for greater fuel efficiency, it is in danger of failing to meet its own 2020 greenhouse gas ...


    By Greenpeace International

  • Communicating the climate challenge

    New York Times’ Andrew Revkin shares lessons with MIT faculty, students at Earth Day colloquium. Written by Vicki Ekstrom.You can read the original new in MIT NewsUsing new ways to confront persistent challenges is one of MIT’s greatest strengths, and an idea ...

  • US Climate Policy

    Presented in Track D, at EUEC 2011, January 31, Phoenix Convention Center, Phoenix, Arizona D1.1   The Fight for Climate Action Continues…the Outlook for Alternative Approaches  Linda Whelan, Senior Director, Energy & Environment Policy, Dynegy  Passage of a federal climate bill ...

  • Stop trashing the climate

    In June, the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR) joined with Eco-Cycle and the Global Anti-Incinerator Alliance (GAIA) to release Stop Trashing the Climate, a report documenting the link between climate change and unsustainable patterns of consumption and wasting. Authored by Brenda Platt of ILSR, with coauthors Eric Lombardi of Eco-Cycle (Boulder, Colorado) and Dave Ciplet of GAIA, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Quantifying flexibility in combating climate change: modelling the implications of flexibility mechanisms in the climate change negotiations

    With the "International Trading of Emission Allowances" (ITEA) model, we have analysed the flexibility mechanisms provided for in the Kyoto Protocol. Three main mechanisms of flexibility are analysed differentiation of initial commitments, multiple sources, and locational flexibility (trading). A differentiation of commitments could help the evolution of commitments, especially with a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of climate change impacts in a semi-arid watershed in Iran using regional climate models

    This paper aims to summarize in detail the results of the climate models under various scenarios by temporal and spatial analysis in the semi-arid Karkheh Basin (KB) in Iran, which is likely to experience water shortages. The PRECIS and REMO models, under A2, B2 and A1B scenarios, have been chosen as regional climate models (RCMs). These regional climate models indicate an overall warming in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding Climate Change

    Understanding the intricate dynamics of climate change is not easy. Even reducing climate change to one simple metric such as average mean temperature, or number of extreme weather occurrences, leaves unanswered a host of nagging questions and a complex of array of real world facts inconsistent with whatever yardstick one choses. One example cited in an insightful essay on climate change ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Climate science in Australia with particular reference to climate change

    The factors governing the global circulation of the atmosphere are briefly discussed and the unique situation in the Southern Hemisphere is described. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation phenomenon exerts a major influence on the climate of the Pacific and leads to extreme variability of climate. Any changes due to human-induced greenhouse gas emissions must be set against this variability. Models ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preliminary validation of a model for describing the ethical climate of a business community

    This paper describes the development of a model for representing the ethical climate of a business community. It describes the steps followed in identifying the model's components and in validating the model's structure. Expert panel validation methodologies were used to garner qualitative and quantitative data about the model. They have yielded support for the components of an initial, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling the effects of climate change on forestry using SVFlux and SVHeat

    An application to which SVFlux / SVHeat was recently applied involves calculation of the change in soil suctions near the ground surface in a woodland area. The issue at stake was whether long term climate change will affect the forestry industry in Canada. If there is a change in average annual air temperature, how will this affect the distribution of water contents and soil suctions in the ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Comparison of stochastic models of rainfall processes in mountainous climatic conditions

    The main objective of this work was to find a stochastic simulation model that was suitable for designing a rainwater harvesting system for agricultural water utilization and irrigation water in a mountainous region. Several models were applied using daily rainfall data from two sites (Gangneung and Daekwanreung) to assess the accuracy and suitability of the model for simulating the daily ...


    By IWA Publishing

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