climate warming Articles

  • Moderate solar dimming in an accelerating warming climate of Bahrain

    The magnitude and variability of warming of air and the solar dimming/brightening phenomenon are investigated for Bahrain. The temperature records show highly significant warming trends through six months of the year (April–September) for absolute maximum (AbsTx), and through five months (April–July and October) for absolute minimum (AbsTn). Greater warming overwhelms the daytime ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Early-20th Century Environmental Changes Inferred Using Subfossil Diatoms from a Small Pond on Melville Island, N.W.T., Canadian High Arctic

    Diatom-based paleolimnological studies are being increasingly used to track long-term environmental change in arctic regions. Little is known, however, about the direction and nature of such environmental changes in the western Canadian high Arctic. In this study, shifts in diatom assemblages preserved in a 210Pb-dated sediment core collected from a small pond on Melville Island, N.W.T., were ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Paleoflood marks in sandur morphometry as the result of the glacier surge (NW Poland)

    In the Pomeranian marginal zone of the last Pleistocene glaciation specific morphometric features are found. They represent indicators of surging events affecting the individual outlet glacier lobes of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet margin. They are assumed to have been active during the climate warming of the Weichselian glaciation decay. Many tunnel valleys deep-rooted in the proximal slopes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Life expansion in Sørkapp Land, Spitsbergen, under the current climate warming

    Terrestrial life response to climate warming in Sørkapp Land after the Little Ice Age is described. Plant succession starts in the areas abandoned by glaciers and continues in the areas which have been outside glaciers. Continuoustundra becomes denser in many places of the west and south. A denser tundra attracts animal species feeding on plants. Vegetation of non-glaciated areas in the ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • High stocks of soil organic carbon in the North American Arctic region

    The Arctic soil organic-carbon pool is a significant, but poorly constrained, carbon store. The most cited pool size estimates are based on a study that severely undersamples Arctic soils, with only five out of the 48 soils examined actually from the Arctic region. Furthermore, previous measurements have been confined to the top 40 cm of soil. Here, we present 1-m-deep measurements of soil ...


    By Nature Publishing Group

  • Changes in Latvian river discharge regime at the turn of the century

    The study deals with turn-of-the-century changes in the total annual river runoff distribution and high and low flows in Latvia, covering river basins within four hydrological districts which vary according to size and physiographical conditions. Mathematical statistical methods were applied in the analysis of river discharge data series for two study periods of 1951–2009 and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Observed trends in the river ice regimes of northwest Canada

    Yukon air temperature trends have been observed to change over the last several decades with an increase in annual, summer and winter air temperatures, while changes in precipitation have not been consistent. An assessment of freeze-up and break-up dates indicates that the ice cover season is becoming shorter with delays in freeze-up and advances in break-up timing. Mid-winter break-up events and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A 50-years record of dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethanes and hexachloro-cyclohexanes in lake sediments and penguin droppings on King George Island, Maritime Antarctic

    Since the ban on the use of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) in agriculture, their levels have generally dropped. In a number of cases, however, the levels of these OCPs were found to be unchanging or even increasing after the ban. With the aim to unveil the possible causes of these exceptions, we collected two lake ...


    By IOS Press

  • Long-term changes in hydrological regime of the lakes in Latvia

    Changes in the hydrological regime of the lakes of Latvia depend on natural and anthropogenic causes. This publication summarises the results of the research on the long-term changes in the water level, thermal and ice regimes in the seven largest lakes of Latvia: Liepājas, Usma, Ķīšezers, Burtnieks, Rāzna, Sventes and Lielais Ludzas, and their regional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Response of hydrological processes to permafrost degradation from 1980 to 2009 in the Upper Yellow River Basin, China

    Watersheds in cold regions are undergoing climate warming and permafrost degradation, which result in quantitative shifts in surface water–groundwater interaction. Daily discharge, annual maximum frozen depth (AMFD) of seasonal frozen soil, precipitation and negative degree-day temperature were analyzed to explore changes and correlations of climate, runoff and permafrost in the Upper Yellow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recent trends in observed temperature and precipitation extremes in the Yangtze River basin, China

    The present study is an analysis of the observed extreme temperature and precipitation trends over Yangtze from 1960 to 2002 on the basis of the daily data from 108 meteorological stations. The intention is to identify whether or not the frequency or intensity of extreme events has increased with climate warming over Yangtze River basin in the last 40 years. Both the Mann-Kendall (MK) trend test ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • Climate Change - Right response for the wrong reasons?

    Simple questions don’t always have simple answers. Why is our climate warming? Clearly the most popular answer lies in the theory that a rise in greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide is escalating the atmosphere’s insulating effect. We have Al Gore’s graph of CO2 increases to prove it, with recent years’ data climbing ladder high ...


    By Evolve Coaching

  • Potential impacts on hydrology and hydropower production under climate warming of the Sierra Nevada

    Watersheds of the Cosumnes, American, Bear and Yuba (CABY) Rivers in the Sierra Nevada, California, are managed with a complex network of reservoirs, dams, hydropower plants and water conveyances. While water transfers are based on priorities among competing demands, hydropower generation is licensed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and regulated by federal and state laws and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Time delay of global warming

    Thermal response of Earth?s climate to atmospheric GHGs is delayed in time. The magnitude of time delay can significantly exceed several decades, while current thermal imbalance of Earth is likely to amount 0.6 K but it can increase to 5 K by 2100. The paper provides modelling analysis of dynamical behaviour of global warming and presents climatic hysteresis diagrams. Transient simulations reveal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cold ocean seas and northern hydrology: an exploratory overview

    Oceans are expected to bring their maritime influence to coastal zones, and sometimes further inland, to affect the terrestrial energy and moisture fluxes. Heat and water balances jointly govern northern hydrology, both directly through the hydrological cycle and indirectly through cyclogenesis and radiation regimes. Drawing upon reported examples, a survey is presented to examine the roles of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impacts of regional climate and teleconnection on hydrological change in the Bosten Lake Basin, arid region of northwestern China

    This investigation examined effects of climate change, measured as annual, seasonal, and monthly air temperature and precipitation from 1958 to 2010, on water resources (i.e., runoff) in the Bosten Lake Basin. Additionally, teleconnections of hydrological changes to large-scale circulation indices including El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Arctic Oscillation (AO), North Atlantic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance evaluation of multi-passive solar applications of a non air-conditioned building

    This paper describes the performance evaluation of solar passive cooling techniques such as solar shading insulation of building components and air exchange rate. Thermal performance of the non air-conditioned building is predicted by analysing a one-dimensional numerical model. Numerical calculation has been made corresponding to three different climates, viz. composite, hot and dry and warm and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Green IT framework for small and medium scale Indian IT services companies

    The information technology (IT) industry has a vital role to play in abating the threat of climate change and global warming. Green IT is defined for the purpose of this paper, as a specific set of initiatives that IT companies are taking to optimise their resource-utilisation, with the aim of becoming environmentally sustainable. The literature suggests that there are many Green IT frameworks ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of climate change on flood and drought events in Huaihe River Basin, China

    The impact of climate change on floods and droughts in Huaihe River Basin is studied using a coupled land-surface hydrology model and continuous wavelet transform technique. Observed temperature in the basin has increased by approximately 0.228 °C per decade since 1951. Observed precipitation and simulated and observed streamflows are used to grade flood and drought events. Two composite grading ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hail Netting For Cold Climates

    In a world acutely aware of the changes in weather, protection from that weather has become a growing concern.  Hail is one type of weather that can cause a lot of damage to property, especially cars. Hail is the result of warm and cold systems colliding. Protection from hail looks different in warm and cold climates. Failing to have adequate protection from hail storms could have disastrous ...


    By WeatherSolve Structures Inc.

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