CO2 emission limit Articles

  • Limited provision of roads as a bottleneck on vehicle CO2 emissions in Asia: an international comparison of national trends

    This paper explores the relationship between road infrastructure, economic growth and road CO2 emissions. The basic premise is that many developing nations have achieved sufficient wealth to generate substantial demand for road vehicles, but that actual use is constrained by limited provision of surfaced roads. Our main result is that for comparable levels of income (GDP/capita), CO2 emissions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CO2 emissions accelerated rapidly between 2000 & 2006

    Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the burning of fossil fuels stood at a record 8.38 gigatons of carbon (GtC) in 2006, 20 percent above the level in 2000. Emissions grew 3.1 percent a year between 2000 and 2006, more than twice the rate of growth during the 1990s. Carbon dioxide emissions have been growing steadily for 200 years, since fossil fuel burning began on a large scale at the ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • European Union CO2 emissions: different accounting perspectives

    The aim of this technical report is to explain to a wider audience the concepts and methodologies behind different air emission accounting perspectives and the resulting emissions data at the EU level. In brief, there are three of these different accounting perspectives: territorial, production and consumption. Three perspectives on air emissions The territorial ...

  • Impact of CO2 Emission Trading Schemes on Residual Waste Management

    ABSTRACT The EU-Emission trading scheme (ETS) in its current design hardly affects residual waste management directly: methane from landfill-sites is not included although it is one of the “Green-House-Gases” (GHG) of the Kyoto Protocol, CO2-emissions from waste incineration plants are generally exempted from the regulation of the directive and emissions from combustion of landfill-site gas can ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Economic approaches to cost estimates for limiting emissions of carbon dioxide

    Without going into much detail, this paper gives an assessment of the relative strengths and weaknesses of a variety of economic approaches commonly used for cost estimates for limiting CO2 emissions, including the ad hoc approach, the dynamic optimisation approach, the input-output approach, the macroeconomic approach, the computable general equilibrium approach, and the hybrid approach. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Delaying substantial emission reductions limits climate policy choices

    If fast and substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is postponed further, there are fewer options available to stay below the 2 °C warming target for the end of the century. Delayed action is likely to require measures that remove CO2 from the atmosphere by planting forests and using bioenergy in combination with carbon capture and storage. The latter technique ...

  • Emission Testing and Monitoring

    Presented in Track B4: EMISSION TESTING & MONITORING at EUEC 2011, January 31 Phoenix, Arizona B4.1  | Update on PM2.5 and Condensable Particulate Matter Emissions Measurement Methods Larry Hottenstein |  Partner, Environmental Resources Management Following the promulgation of the PM2.5 ...

  • Carbon Capture & Storage: CO2 Capture

    F7.1  | DOE and NETL’s Carbon Capture R&D Program Timothy Fout |  Project Manager, US DOE/ NETL With pending legislation or EPA action on greenhouse gas emissions, ...

  • Closing the emissions gap with peatlands

    The 18th conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) takes place against a backdrop of mounting evidence that time is running out to avert dangerous climate change. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has recently highlighted1 the large gap between current greenhouse gas emissions levels and reduction commitments, and the emissions ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Climate Strategy with Co2 Capture from the Air

    Abstract It is physically possible to capture CO2 directly from the air and immobilize it in geological structures. Air capture differs from conventional mitigation in three key aspects. First, it removes emissions from any part of the economy with equal ease or difficulty, so its cost provides an absolute cap on the cost of mitigation. Second, it permits reduction in concentrations faster ...


    By Springer

  • Continous Emission Monitoring (CEMs)

    Presented in Track B1: CEMs at EUEC 2011,January 31 Phoenix, Arizona   B1.1  | Particulate CEM for wet FGD plant William Averdieck |  Managing ...

  • Peatlands: hotspots for emissions reductions

    Peatlands play a critical role in climate regulation, storing twice as much carbon as the entire world’s forest biomass and emitting large amounts of carbon when drained. Peat carbon stocks are distributed worldwide. The mitigation potential is very significant, but possible future possible emissions as well if no rapid action is taken to protect and restore them. The UNFCCC provides ...


    By Wetlands International

  • H2S Emissions Control at Geothermal Plants

    The LO-CAT® II process is used to control H2S emissions and reduce odors at geothermal power plants. Geothermal steam, considered to be a clean and environmentally friendly source of energy, is produced when water seeps into high temperature, high pressure formations below the earth's surface. The steam is brought to the surface through production wells and then expanded through a turbine to ...


    By Merichem Company

  • Turning Carbon Emissions Into A Revenue Stream

    On the heels of the EPA’s new carbon rules proposed by President Obama on June 2, I wanted to take a closer look at a potential disruptive technological breakthrough: taking CO2 waste streams and turning them into saleable, value-added feedstocks. Certainly, the deployment of renewables, energy efficiency, smart grid, and energy storage technologies offer some of the most cost-effective ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Application of the EU Emissions Trading Directive

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the ETS The European Union (EU) emissions trading system (ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments implemented in the EU to achieve its emission reductions objectives in a cost‑effective manner. The EU Emissions Trading Directive (EU, 2003, referred to hereafter as the 'EU ETS Directive'), and in particular Article 21 ...

  • Put energy into emission control projects

    Many companies feel pressured to spend the least amount possible to meet environmental regulations, primarily because compliance isn’t a profit generating endeavor. What some environmental and compliance managers fail to realize is that emission control equipment can quickly become a profit decreasing endeavor with this penny wise-pound foolish approach. With mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

  • Establishing a clear policy in the fight against emissions

    Is a lack of liquidity and its similarity to commodities a stumbling block for carbon emissions to develop as an asset class? Political pressure may prevail in the long-term, writes Paula Garrido. As part of the global fight against climate change, companies operating in countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol are now committed to reducing their emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) linked ...


    By Carbon Capital Markets

  • Marine Monitoring of Emissions of Air Pollutants

    Many of us who are not in the marine shipping business probably think of vessels as practical means of transportation, or, when it comes to cruising ships, a place to spend your vacation. However, not all of us realize that large ships also are floating large power plants, with all aspects that come with power plants including potential contribution to air pollution. ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Technical Challenges of Continuous Mercury Emissions Monitoring

    Many pollutants such as CO2, NOx and SO2 have been monitored continuously already for decades. In the last years the awareness for the need to measure mercury has also grown, and continuous mercury monitoring is becoming more and more relevant. Especially industries burning coal, oil or waste, share the responsibility to monitor their mercury emissions. All measuring techniques need to be able to ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Maximum carbon intensity limitations and the agreement on technical barriers to trade

    Emission of greenhouse gases is a global problem. Any nation seeking to restrict such emissions by its manufacturers should avoid putting them at a disadvantage in world and domestic markets where they are likely to compete with producers that do not bear the cost of emission controls. One approach being considered in the United States would be adoption of technical regulations limiting the ...

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