co2 sampling Articles

  • On the right track

    High-speed train manufacturer, CAF, rely on world-class beamforming technology to reduce the noise generated by their trains – helping to make high-speed trains a more viable option for travellers and operators alike. Because of its relatively low levels of CO2 emissions, train travel is considered one of the ...

  • Case study - CO2 monitoring for Sustainagro

    About the customer Sustainagro Ltd is based in Dundee, Scotland, providing scientific services: chemical and microbial testing of soils, composts and water samples Challenges the customer faced According to former development manager for Sustainagro, Adrian Parker, before the lab had the G100 and could measure in real-time it used a titration method: ...


    By Geotech

  • Case study - CO2 monitoring for Pfizer

    About the customer Based in Kent, England, Pfizer is a worldwide biopharmaceutical company. Gem Scientific supplied the company with a Geotech G100 to suit their specific incubator requirements. How the company uses the G100 Pfizer uses Geotech's G100 portable CO2 analyser to quality check their 25 medical ...


    By Geotech

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Using the LI-8100 System to Collect Air Samples for Estimating Soil Trace Gas Flux

    Air samples can be collected from the same air stream used to measure soil CO2 flux with the LI-8100 Automated Soil CO2 Flux System, for estimating the flux of trace gas, such as methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), isotopic species, etc. This application note describes a simple method for obtaining air samples from the LI- ...


    By LI-COR

  • Are you using the right monitor for CO2?

    Carbon dioxide, (CO2) detectors are commonly used to protect workers from leaks in fast food establishments and restaurants.  The OSHA, ACGIH and NIOSH CO2 threshold limit value for 8 hours, (TLV) is 5,000 PPM, and the ACGIH and NIOSH short-term exposure level, (STEL) is 30,000 PPM.  Although these agencies established worker exposure levels, they also all state: ...

  • CIRAS-2 User Recalibration of CO2 and H2O

    The CIRAS-2 CO2/H2O analyzer is an inherently stable instrument and does NOT require frequent calibration. The AutoZero function corrects for nearly all changes that result in calibration drifts. The most common causes of drifts in CIRAS-2 readings are i) incorrect Zeros due to exhausted chemicals or ii) leaks on the desiccant columns from rolled or damaged o-rings and iii) incorrect Diff Bal, ...


    By PP Systems

  • Analyzing for Trace CO and CO2 using a Total Hydrocarbon Analyzer

    Untitled Document The purity of Specialty Gases is determined by the measurement of various contaminants including Total Hydrocarbons. Low level measurements of carbon ...


    By MOCON, Inc. - Baseline

  • GA2000 used for CO2 data logging in Japan case study

    Data logging The data logging function on Geotech's GA range of gas analysers is popular with research teams as users can take regular readings and data can be stored for several days. The data is captured regularly without researchers needing to be present, such as over a weekend or holiday. The Geotech product A project using the GA2000’s ...


    By Geotech

  • G100 portable CO2 incubator analyser for incubators gas readings

    The Geotech G100, which measures CO2 from 0-20%, is used to demonstrate accurate and repeatable CO2 readings of the atmosphere inside incubators. In just a few seconds an embryologist is able to take a reading from various incubators, all of which will have a different means of sampling the air inside an incubator, without fully opening the inner door and adversely affecting the environment. It ...


    By Geotech

  • The CO2 and SO2 capture capability of two Greek limestones during repeated thermal cycles

    In the present study, two Greek limestones from the Megalopolis and Florina areas were used to capture CO2 and SO2. The regeneration ability and decay of the limestone samples were investigated through sorption-calcination cycles in a thermogravimetric analyser operated at ambient pressure. The effects of the sorption time (3, 8 and 30 min), reaction temperature (750°C and 850°C) and particle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Powering the LI-8100/8150 in a Remote Location: Power Requirements and Solar Panel Solution

    INTRODUCTION Long-term automated simultaneous measurements at multiple locations within the same study site are often required to adequately characterize high spatial and temporal variability of the soil CO2 fluxes. The multiplexed LI-8100/8150 is a fully automated system ...


    By LI-COR

  • Laboratory scale tests of coal-based hydrogen production with CO2 capture in the aspect of clean coal technologies

    In the light of continuously increasing oil prices as well as stronger environmental regulations, an important issue becomes finding an alternative to fossil fuels. Scientists agree that hydrogen seems to be an ideal, price-competitive and environment-friendly future energy carrier. One of the most effective methods of hydrogen production is the process of steam gasification of coal to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exploratory study of some potential environmental impacts of CO2 sequestration in unmineable coal seams

    An initial investigation into the potential environmental impacts of CO2 sequestration in unmineable coal seams has been conducted, focusing on changes in the produced water during enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) production, using a CO2 injection process (CO2-ECBM). A high volatile bituminous coal, Pittsburgh No. 8, was reacted with synthetic produced water and gaseous carbon dioxide at 40C and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Methods for creating stomatal impressions directly onto archivable slides

    Stomatal density has been shown to be a primary determinant of crop yield, water use efficiency, and limitation to CO2 assimilation rate. Widely used methods of assessing stomatal density sample relatively small regions of the leaf, are labor intensive, or do not yield stable archivable samples for revisiting samples. We describe several methods of producing such epidermal impressions that yield ...

  • Methods for creating stomatal impressions directly onto archivable slides

    Stomatal density has been shown to be a primary determinant of crop yield, water use efficiency, and limitation to CO2 assimilation rate. Widely used methods of assessing stomatal density sample relatively small regions of the leaf, are labor intensive, or do not yield stable archivable samples for revisiting samples. We describe several methods of producing such epidermal impressions that yield ...

  • Metal Machining Facility Wastewater Treatment Case Study

    Effective Breaking of the Oil Emulsion in Machine Shop Wastewater This is the result of our Floccin 1105 product treating a sample from a Metal machining facility. The sample was at a pH of 9 and CO2 was added to bring the pH down to neutral (pH at 7). The Floccin 1105 was very effective at clarifying the waste, breaking the strong oil emulsion and capturing the oil. The ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Why can’t I control the pH of my aquifer? - pH and Acidity are not the same

    Acidity is the amount of base required to neutralize acids present in a water sample. This is important because it determines the amount of buffer required to adjust aquifer pH. Since acids can disassociate to different extents, two solutions with the same pH can have different acidities. The figure to the right shows the pH of solutions containing 0.5 N HCl and 1.0 N acetic acid. The initial pH ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • The Pitfalls of Process TOC analysis and how to avoid them case study

    Since the introduction of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Analyzers by Dow, Union Carbide and Automated Environmental Systems in thel960,s,l-5\ they have proven to be an invaluable tool in the environmental and process monitoring fields. While technologies have advanced since then, certain performance characteristics required for true process control have been notably absent. The purpose of this paper ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Tortilla Manufacturer Wastewater Case Study

    TSS Drops from 1,883 ppm to 14 ppm This facility manufactures corn tortillas using a solution of Lye to peel the skin from the corn and soften the corn. The pH of the sample was received at 13.80 indicating a high basic solution. To minimize operating costs, CO2 was used to drop the pH down to 8.0 instead of using the traditional acid. The high pH water required ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

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