coagulant chemical Articles

  • Sedimentation Processes

    Sedimentation is the process of allowing particles in suspension in water to settle out of the suspension under the effect of gravity. The particles that settle out from the suspension become sediment, and in water treatment is known as sludge. When a thick layer of sediment continues to settle, this is known as consolidation. When consolidation of sediment, or sludge, is assisted by mechanical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

  • Sequential treatment of an old-landfill leachate

    This work investigates the performance of combined techniques applied to the treatment of an old-landfill leachate, which presents high salinity, low biodegradability (BOD5/COD around 0.05) and high ammonia concentration. Three sequences of processes were employed, including coagulation/flocculation, chemical oxidation, biological treatment and ammonia stripping. The association of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 8 Painful Points of Chemical Coagulation Treatment Plants

    Water treatment has evolved tremendously over several decades. What used to be as simple as boiling water or filtering through sand has become an entire industry in its own right. Many treatment processes are based almost entirely around chemical processes ...

  • Dependable Pretreatment for UF Membrane Water Treatment System

    Lake Forest is a small upper class community along the west shore of Lake Michigan about 35 miles north of downtown Chicago, IL. In 1890 a group of residents started the Lake Forest Water Company on the present site to provide water for the residents of the community. Prior to the spring of 2004, the Lake Forest Water Plant provided traditional water treatment. Coagulating chemicals were added to ...

  • Flotation of algae for water reuse and biomass production: role of zeta potential and surfactant to separate algal particles

    The effect of chemical coagulation and biological auto-flocculation relative to zeta potential was examined to compare flotation and sedimentation separation processes for algae harvesting. Experiments revealed that microalgae separation is related to auto-flocculation of Anabaena spp. and requires chemical coagulation for the whole period of microalgae cultivation. In addition, microalgae ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse osmosis system reclaims 86% wastewater in singapore

    The Problem Singapore, a small island-state with few natural resources, currently imports about half of the country’s potable water supply from neighboring Malaysia and efforts are being made by the Singapore government o reduce dependence on imports. The increased success of recycling and reuse of waste water in Singapore is a key strategy to Singapore’s increased self ...

  • Clarifiers-No, Filtration-Yes: A Case Study

    Problem Twenty miles southeast of Coos Bay, Oregon situated at the conjunction of the North and South Forks of the Coquille River lays the town of Myrtle Point. Just five years ago this community of 2670 residents was facing a large potable water problem with an even larger price tag. The town feeds its water treatment plant from the North Fork Coquille River. Prior to the 1990s the water ...

  • Organics Monitoring (TOC)

    Total organic carbon (TOC) testing is the traditional method for determining organic matter in water. However there is a far more practical, affordable and often more useful way to measure organic matter. UV absorbance testing (UVA) is rapidly becoming the preferred method of measuring organics even when the levels of organics being measured are very small. Organic Matter Organic ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Physical and chemical impacts of conventional unit processes and coagulants on the dinoflagellate, Ceratium hirundinella

    The freshwater dinoflagellate, Ceratium hirundinella (C. hirundinella) with its complex morphology and robust thecal plate cell covering, is responsible for extensive problems during drinking water production. To have a better understanding of these problems, knowledge of what happens to the integrity of the cells after each step of the conventional water treatment process is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sizes of particles formed during municipal wastewater treatment

    Volumetric diameters Dv and specific surface area SpS of sludge particles formed during chemical coagulation and electrocoagulation of sewage were determined. The obtained aggregate-flocs differed substantially in both Dv and SpS values. The differences in Dv and SpS values of the analyzed particles were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse osmosis system to reclaim wastewater

    The Facility Pragati Power Corporation Limited, formerly Delhi Vidyut Board (DVB), was formed by the Government of National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi in 1997 for the purpose of generation and distribution of power to the entire area of NCT of Delhi. To bridge the gap between demand and supply and to have reliable power supply to the capital city of Delhi, a 330 MW combined cycle Gas ...

  • Turbidity Measurements in Drinking Water, Effluent Discharges and Coagulant Controlling

    This month at Partech Water Instruments we’re talking about our turbidity sensors—fantastic to use as an environmental indicator. So how can they be used? We’re here to tell you about turbidity sensors being utilised for drinking water, effluent discharges and coagulant controlling. Turbidity Sensors and Drinking Water Turbidity sensors ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Effect of storage of shelled Moringa oleifera seeds from reaping time on turbidity removal

    Moringa oleifera is an indigenous plant to Malaysia whose seeds are used for water purification. Many studies on Moringa oleifera have shown that it is highly effective as a natural coagulant for turbidity removal. In this study, two different methods for extraction of Moringa's active ingredient were investigated. Results of sodium chloride (NaCl) and distilled water extraction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Produced Water Case Study

    Challenge Managing the increasing volumes of produced water associated with oil & gas production as well as sourcing water for operations is becoming more challenging for E&P companies. Handling oily wastewaters with high and variable contents of O&G and TSS requires complex and costly treatment trains with conventional technologies. To evaluate akvoFloat ’s ...


    By akvola Technologies GmbH

  • Performance of four polyelectrolytes as flocculation aids in the primary treatment of textile effluents

    Samples of textile effluents were subjected to physico-chemical treatment using alum, Polyaluminium Chloride (PAC), and different anionic and cationic acrylamide copolymers. Except for alum, all chemicals were tested individually. Combinations of alum and PAC with different anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes were also tested. Results indicated the anionic polyelectrolyte to be the best polymer ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effectiveness of humic acids coagulation with the use of cationic polyacrylamides

    The chemical coagulation process is a popular method for eliminating the precursors of disinfection by-products. This study presents the results of a laboratory experiment which investigates the use of cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (CPAMs) as primary coagulants in the purification of solutions containing humic acids (HA). A number of polymers with various molecular weight and charge density ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater Treatment Methods Pros and Cons: Disinfection & Coagulation

    At every stage in a wastewater treatment process is important to achieve the desired treatment results. However, primary treatment and tertiary are critical to the overall process. In the primary treatment process solids are reduced to a large extent. Without this step, subesequent treatment would be less effective. In tertiary treatment, harmful microbiological matter is rendered inactive or ...

  • Isotherms for the biosorption of Cr (VI) using excess municipal sludge

    Heavy metals are one of the most important pollutants in industrial wastewater. Chromium is one of the hazardous metals which is used in electroplating, leather tanning, metal finishing and chromate manufacturing industries. The commonly used procedures for removing metal ions from aqueous streams include chemical precipitation, coagulation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis and adsorption. In this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative evaluation of commercial and sewage sludge based activated carbons for the removal of textile dyes from aqueous solutions

    Almost every industry uses coloring matter to color their products and the residual and unspent substances are discharged in to the environment, particularly aquatic environment. Discharge of such colored effluents imparts color to the receiving water and interferes with its intended beneficial use. In addition, recent reports suggest that several color-causing substances are micro toxic to the ...


    By University of Tehran

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