coagulant control Articles

  • Recent development of an in-situ image detecting system for floc characterization and monitoring

    Coagulation control plays a significant role in the final yield of sludge volume during water and wastewater treatment. The precise control of coagulant dosage, floc formation and aggregation behaviour becomes the important target for the coagulation process both in water and wastewater treatment. A critical review is presented first in this paper on the recent advances in coagulation control. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Verification of automatic coagulant dosage control technology based on aluminum concentration at a water purification plant

    An automatic coagulant dosage control technology for water purification plants was developed to deal with rapid changes of feed water quality. Control logic was developed to decide coagulant dosage based on aluminum concentration in the mixing tanks. A coagulant-sedimentation process apparatus was installed in December 2010 in a water purification plant, and the coagulant dosage control test ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a model-based control system for membrane filtration process

    Reduction of operational cost and certification of safety for treated water are required for the membrane filtration process for drinking water. Therefore a model-based control system is developed to reduce operational cost. A process model is used for the model-based control system that calculates the transmembrane pressure (TMP) in the future. This allows the model-based control system to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Turbidity Measurements in Drinking Water, Effluent Discharges and Coagulant Controlling

    This month at Partech Water Instruments we’re talking about our turbidity sensors—fantastic to use as an environmental indicator. So how can they be used? We’re here to tell you about turbidity sensors being utilised for drinking water, effluent discharges and coagulant controlling. Turbidity Sensors and Drinking Water Turbidity sensors ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Development of automatic coagulant dosage control technology for rapid change of raw water quality parameters

    An automatic coagulant dosage control technology for water purification plants was developed to deal with rapid changes of raw water quality parameters. Control logic was developed to decide coagulant dosage based on aluminum concentration in rapid mixing tank water based on results of semi-pilot scale experiments. This logic enabled quick feedback on the excess or lack of coagulant. It was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feed-forward coagulant control using online UV/Vis monitoring

    Water quality from the Murray River, Australia, can vary considerably and is expected to become more challenging to treat due to recent drought followed by widespread flooding and future climate change impacts. Better tools are required to help plant operators maintain water quality. Morgan water treatment plant (WTP) operates overnight to take advantage of off-peak electricity, however the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improvement of multi-parameter-based feed-forward coagulant dosing control systems with feed-back functionalities

    Coagulant dosing control in drinking and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is often limited to flow proportional concepts. The advanced multi-parameter-based dosing control systems have significantly reduced coagulant consumption and improved outlet qualities. Due to the long retention time in separation stages, these models are mostly based on feed-forward (FF) models. This paper ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi-parameter based coagulant dosing control

    The required coagulant dosage is strongly related to the quality of raw water or wastewater. Online sensors for most quality parameters are now readily available to treatment facilities, yet remain rarely used in treatment process control. This paper presents the evaluation of an advanced coagulant dosing control system based on online measurements in full-scale processes. The popular ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • A Practical Solution for Real Time Organic Monitoring

    Monitoring organics continuously provides instantaneous water quality data that is vital for several of the most common water and wastewater treatment applications. Online organic water quality testing ensures that immediate action can be taken to establish proper treatment. real-time organic monitoring is invaluable  for optimizing and controlling coagulant dosing; monitoring ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Removal of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from water supply with high turbidity: analytical challenges and perspectives

    Giardia and Cryptosporidium species are a serious problem if present in water supplies. The removal of these protozoans and the adaptation of existing protocols are essential for supplying drinking water to developing countries. Considering this, the aim of this study is to evaluate, on a bench level, the removal of Giardia spp. cysts and of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical feed control using coagulation computer models and a streaming current detector

    This paper describes the use of both the streaming current detector (SCD) and coagulation computer models to provide real-time data for required coagulant feed rates. The method for computer modeling of coagulation and other water treatment processes/operations was originally developed for Lake Michigan Filtration Plant in Grand Rapids, Michigan (MI). Since the initial implementation, a number ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Immersed Ultrafiltration Membranes for Treatment of Organically Laden Surfice Water

    ABSTRACT Ultrafiltration membranes are becoming increasingly prevalent in potable water treatment applications. This trend can be attributed to the improved cost effectiveness of membrane systems as compared to conventional treatment technologies and to progressively more stringent water quality regulations. In particular, increased awareness related to the formation of disinfection ...

  • Application of Direct Filtration to MIEX® Treated River Murray Water

    Dissolved natural organic matter (NOM) has been shown to interfere with the coagulation process, particularly with alum (aluminium sulphate) which is the most widely used coagulant in potable water treatment. The additional coagulant demand of the NOM can often be a significant contribution to the overall coagulant dose required for effective turbidity control in conventional water treatment. The ...


    By Orica Australia Pty Ltd

  • Enhanced coagulation for algae removal through the control of zeta potential with diatomite

    Advanced technology for more efficient treatment of algae-containing water is always needed. The feasibility of using diatomite for advanced treatment of algae-containing surface water and controlling algae removal process through zeta potential was investigated in this study. Results demonstrated that the addition of diatomite is advantageous due to reduction of the polyaluminium chloride (PAC) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced performance and mechanism of KMnO4 pre-oxidation to coagulation on the removal of the DON and proteins

    Proteins were the main category of the dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in eutrophicate water sources and posed a threat to the water quality safety and common operation of water plants, while the KMnO4 pre-oxidation and coagulation were the two important ways to control the organics. Intracellular organic matter (IOM) and phycocyanin were chosen as the target DON to study the performance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Coagulation Using a Magnetic Ion Exchange Resin

    The objective of this investigation was to examine the effectiveness of a magnetic ion exchange resin (IVIIEXR) provided by ORICA Australia Pty Ltd. of Victoria, Australia to enhance the coagulation of disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors. The IVIIE)C resin purportedly adsorbs natural organic material, thereby lowering the coagulant demand of the water, as well as lowering its DBP formation ...


    By Orica Australia Pty Ltd

  • Technical Focus: Turbidity as Control for Primary Settlement

    Turbidity is a very useful tool when regarding control within the primary settlement stage of water treatment. By utilising turbidity as a control variable during this stage of the process you  can enable a more rapid response to variations in load  and provide early warning  to operators of equipment malfunction before it’s too late; allowing for immediate action to be taken ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • What is zeta potential?

    Zeta potential is a measure of charges carried by particles suspended in a liquid (mostly water). Most particles suspended in water and wastewater, e.g. clays, silica, hydrated metal oxides, paper fibers, biological cells, etc., possess negative surface charges in the neutral pH range as shown in Fig. 1 (a simplified view of a particle in a suspension). The particle is said to carry a negative ...

  • Characterization and predicting DOM treatability by enhanced coagulation

    The dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays significant role in water safety due to not only the natural occurrence but also man-induced pollution. To characterize and predict DOM treatability becomes therefore a very important and hot topic. In this paper, enhanced coagulation by four typical coagulants (FeCl3, Al2(SO4)3, polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and high ...


    By IWA Publishing

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