coal combustion residual Articles

  • Combustible Briquettes for All Your Camping Requirements

    Coal has been in use since historical times both to cook food and to produce energy. Coal briquettes are a great fuel source and are manufactured in specialized briquetting plants that offer different varieties of combustible briquettes. What Exactly Is A Briquette? Briquettes are an amazing source of combustible energy that ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • Legal lookout: competing coal ash proposals

    Depending upon comments the EPA gathers, industry may have to or not have to close out their coal ash containment ponds within five years. On May 4, 2010, EPA issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Application of Ecological Risk Assessment in Managing Residual Fly Ash in TVA's Watts Bar Reservoir, Tennessee

    The Tennessee Valley Authority conducted a Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment (BERA) for the Kingston Fossil Plant ash release site to evaluate potential effects of residual coal ash on biota in Watts Bar Reservoir, Tennessee. The BERA was in response to a release of 4.1 million m3 of coal ash on December 22, 2008. It used multiple lines of evidence to assess risks for 17 different ecological ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • How to create qualitative fuel from water and coal: case study

    What is “coal-water fuel”?   Coal-water fuel (CWSF or CWS or CWF) is a fuel which consists of fine dispersed coal particles, water and plasticizing agent. This type of fuel is widely used as an alternative to gas and black oil on different heat generating facilities. The operational economy is the main of advantages ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Evaluating Risks to Wildlife from Coal Fly Ash Incorporating Recent Advances in Metals Risk Assessment

    Current scientific advances in metal/metalloid risk assessment were applied to evaluate risk to aquatic and riparian wildlife species potentially impacted by residual coal fly ash after clean‐up of an unprecedented large ash release into an aquatic environment, the first assessment of its kind. Risk was evaluated using multiple lines of evidence (LOE) including (1) tissue‐based risk assessment ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • EPA targets electric utilities - the agency steps up efforts to manage coal ash damage

    Approximately 5.4 million cubic yards, or 1.1 billion gallons, of coal ash from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) plant near Knoxville, Tenn., in December 2008 flooded some 300 acres of land, damaging property, polluting waterways, and killing fish. TVA will likely spend more than $500 million and perhaps as much as $1 billion dollars on the cleanup, says the U.S. Environmental Protection ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Pollutant emissions from modern incinerators

    Emissions of dioxins are mainly from incinerators, domestic and industrial coal combustion, and traffic. However, the major public concern and research effort are associated with the emissions of organic micropollutants from waste incinerators. This paper gives a brief overview of the more recent research and development for the removal of dioxins and heavy metals from flue-gas streams. Special ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance analysis of a single cylinder DI diesel engine using different biodiesel

    Biodiesel produced from cottonseed oil is quite a promising alternative fuel for diesel engines. Use of vegetable oils in diesel engines leads to slightly inferior performance and higher smoke emissions due to their high viscosity and carbon residue. But the performance of vegetable oils can be improved by modifying them through the transesterification process. The research work discusses the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FAQ About Plasma Arc Gasfication Process from Plasma Waste Recycling, Inc (PWR)

    What is Municipal Solid Waste? Municipal solid waste (MSW)—more commonly known as trash or garbage—consists of everyday items such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint and batteries. It does not contain industrial, hazardous, or construction waste. Since 1980, the total annual volume of MSW generated in the U.S. has ...


  • Evaluation of Metals, Metalloids, and Ash Mixture Toxicity Using Sediment Toxicity Testing

    In December 2008, a release of 4.1 million m3 of coal ash from the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston Fossil plant occurred. Ash washed into the Emory River and migrated downstream into the Clinch and Tennessee Rivers. A Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment evaluated risks to ecological receptors from ash in the river system post‐dredging. This paper describes the approach used and results ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Study Charts a Future for Waste-Derived Fuels

    Pointers to possible future EU policy initiatives to give co-incineration facilities burning waste-derived fuels a strategic role in waste management have emerged in a study for the European Commission.1 The report suggests a policy focus on promoting source separation of municipal wastes, active discouragement of mass burn incinerators, and a levelling of the regulatory playing-field for ...

  • Vattenfall`s Cogeneration Power Plant Reuter West - Case Study

    The cogeneration power plant “Reuter West” was erected as a base load power plant in the vicinity of the existing “Reuter” plant. The two hard coal fired 300 MW units D and E were commissioned in 1987 and 1989. Today the cogeneration units supplying electricity and thermal energy are operated by Vattenfall Europe GmbH. The heart of each power plant is the boiler where the ...

  • Thermal Power - Guidelines for New Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Persistent organic pollutants in coastal sediment off South China in relation to the importance of anthropogenic inputs

    Surface sediments collected from the coastal region off South China were analyzed for persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). The concentrations of BDE‐209, Σ12PBDE, Σ15PAH, Σ7PAH, and Σ11OCP were 0.22 to 26.3, 0.01 to 0.77, 13.9 to 271, 6 to 133, and 0.9 to 104 ng/g, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • WESPS continue to deliver

    Compliance with the increasingly stringent air pollution regulations of recent years is not the only reason forwardthinking industry leaders are adopting more sophisticated gas cleaning and air pollution control strategies. The desire to achieve higher performance efficiencies, control costs in a competitive marketplace, and stay ahead of the regulatory compliance curve is another driver of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Defining solid waste

    Simultaneous to the publication of the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Boilers (the Boiler NESHAP) and the Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incinerator (CISWI) Rules, EPA issued a new regulation that for the first time defines what materials are a non-hazardous solid waste when combusted. This rule, Solid Wastes Used as Fuels or Ingredients in Combustion ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Lightweight concrete mix profitable using heavyweight batch mixer

    To increase production of concrete mixes containing coal fired power generation plant ash products, Charah Inc. opened a new manufacturing plant in Emporia, VA, which also serves as a warehouse and distribution center for other concrete industry products. Profit margins are slim in this high volume business, so management placed great emphasis on the capital and operational costs of the equipment ...

  • Cement Manufacturing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part I NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part I - Air emission origins, best control solutions and monitoring methodology for nitrogen oxides

     Problems with reducing nitrogen oxides (NOx) are widespread in the general process industries. These industries, together with medium size utility and power generators contribute about 15 percent of global NOx emissions. The emission sources addressed include various heaters employed in chemical and petrochemical plants, nitric and sulfuric acid plants, glass furnaces, iron and steel mills, ...


  • Generation using gas-fuelled engines in South Africa – an overview

    Most gas engines are Otto cycle spark ignition internal combustion reciprocating engines using natural gas as the primary fuel. Smaller models utilise stochiometric combustion while the larger engines are lean burn engines with pre-chamber ignition systems. The engines are coupled with packaged generator sets, ...


    By Clarke Energy

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