coal combustion waste Articles

  • Remediation of Abandoned Coal Mines Using Coal Combustion Products

    A slurry of mine water and coal combustion fluidized bed ash (FBA) was injected into an abandoned coal mine in Eastern Oklahoma in July 1997. Oil-field technology was used to inject 1.8 Gg (418 tons) of FBA through five wells in 15 hours. Alkaline minerals in the FBA neutralized acidity and imparted alkalinity to the mine water. Thus, this remediation method uses the waste from an industrial ...


  • Transportation and market feasibility analysis for innovative coal combustion by-products: WoodBrik in Greenbrier County, West Virginia

    This paper outlines a transportation and market feasibility study performed in support of Western Greenbrier Co-Generation, LLC's participation in the first Department of Energy Clean Coal Initiative. Western Greenbrier Co-Generation, LLC is a unique company formed by three local city councils to support the development of clean coal technologies in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The study ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gaseous emissions during concurrent combustion of biomass and non-recyclable municipal solid waste

    Abstract Background: Biomass and municipal solid waste offer sustainable sources of energy; for example to meet heat and electricity demand in the form of combined cooling, heat and power. Combustion of biomass has a lesser impact than solid fossil fuels (e.g. coal) upon gas pollutant emissions, whilst energy recovery from municipal solid waste is a beneficial component of an integrated, ...


    By Protea Limited

  • Legal lookout: competing coal ash proposals

    Depending upon comments the EPA gathers, industry may have to or not have to close out their coal ash containment ponds within five years. On May 4, 2010, EPA issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Composition, morphology, properties of coal fly ash microspheres and their application for conditioning liquid radioactive waste

    Using methods of the Mossbauer spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and thermodynamic analysis of phase formation in silicate multi-component melts, the detailed study of composition, morphology, and properties of fly ash microspheres resulting from combustion of three coals (Irsha-Borodinskii, Kuznetskii and Ekibastuzskii) was carried out. About 60 microspherical products with an iron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EPA proposes revisions to GHG mandatory reporting rule for stationary combustion sources

    This summer, EPA proposed several updates and amendments to the GHG Mandatory Reporting Rule (40 CFR Part 98). This activity is consistent with EPA’s stated intention to issue amendments and re-propose subparts (i.e., those subparts that were initially reserved upon finalization of the rule last October) by the end of 2010. EPA’s published revisions in the Federal Register on June 15, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Difficult Complex Decisions For Coal-fired Power Plant Operators

    Changing fuel prices, government regulations and technology all combine to make decision making difficult for operators and developers of coal-fired power generation facilities around the world. Power plant designers in developing countries face new local environmental regulations plus additional requirements stipulated by lenders such as the World Bank. In the developed world, the regulations ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Defining solid waste

    Simultaneous to the publication of the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Boilers (the Boiler NESHAP) and the Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incinerator (CISWI) Rules, EPA issued a new regulation that for the first time defines what materials are a non-hazardous solid waste when combusted. This rule, Solid Wastes Used as Fuels or Ingredients in Combustion ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Selenium bioaccumulation in fish exposed to coal ash at the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston spill site

    In December 2008, 4.1 million m3 of coal ash were released into the Emory and Clinch Rivers by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Kingston Fossil Plant. Coal ash contains several contaminants, including the bioaccumulative metalloid selenium (Se). Because Se is predominantly accumulated in aquatic organisms through dietary, rather than aqueous exposure, tissue‐based toxicity thresholds for ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • EPA targets electric utilities - the agency steps up efforts to manage coal ash damage

    Approximately 5.4 million cubic yards, or 1.1 billion gallons, of coal ash from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) plant near Knoxville, Tenn., in December 2008 flooded some 300 acres of land, damaging property, polluting waterways, and killing fish. TVA will likely spend more than $500 million and perhaps as much as $1 billion dollars on the cleanup, says the U.S. Environmental Protection ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • A Pilot Study of Mercury Liberation and Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plant Fly Ash

    The coal-fired electric utility generation industry has been identified as the largest anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emissions in the United States. One of the promising techniques for Hg removal from flue gas is activated carbon injection (ACI). The aim of ...

  • Thermal Energy Utilization in Waste Tire Recycling

    Thermal energy utilization is one of waste tire recycling methods. Thermal energy utilization is used waste tires as alternative fuel. Is a high calorific value waste tire material, per kg higher calorific value than the wood of 69%, higher than that of bituminous coal 10%, 4% higher than Coke. But  the pollution is seriously direct ...


    By Harden Industries Ltd.

  • How to Turn Waste Paper into Biomass Pellets

    How to Turn Waste Paper into Biomass Pellets Along with the development of human civilization, the number of waste paper has a gradually increase trend every year. It is seen everywhere. Many ways have been researched to recycle the waste paper, while the waste paper has been polluted and there are many toxic substances contained, so it is not good for ...


  • Study Charts a Future for Waste-Derived Fuels

    Pointers to possible future EU policy initiatives to give co-incineration facilities burning waste-derived fuels a strategic role in waste management have emerged in a study for the European Commission.1 The report suggests a policy focus on promoting source separation of municipal wastes, active discouragement of mass burn incinerators, and a levelling of the regulatory playing-field for ...

  • Waste Incineration Upgrades at the Eastman Chemical Company

    INTRODUCTION Eastman Chemical Company, headquartered n Kingsport, TN, is an international supplier of organc chemicals, fibers anci plastics with annual sales of approximately $46 biNion and approximately 5300 customers worldwide. Tennessee Eastman Division, also located in Kingsport, is the company’s largest manufacturing fadllity The nine hundred acre site contains manutacturing facilities as ...


  • Briquetting of Biomass: How to Make Best Use of Waste?

    Do you know that proper management of waste from different kinds of agricultural operations can contribute in a significant way. You must have heard the saying ‘waste not want not’. It has been observed that proper management of waste from different kinds of agricultural operations can add up in a particular way. The waste management helps to create a healthy environment not for man ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • How to build waste plastic pyrolysis plant

    Preparation of raw material: The raw material can be waste tire, tyre, plastic or scrap rubber. All if the above wastes can be processed by our machine. The following are details: Separate the ingredient which can not be refined from waste plastic, such as: soil, wood, stone, brick etc. If the raw materials are paper mill’s waste, separate the pulp. If there is water in raw material, should ...


  • Axion: is ‘storing’ waste plastics better than burning?

    As global temperatures head for potentially catastrophic levels, landfilling rather than burning waste plastics might be better for the environment, suggests Keith Freegard, Director of Axion Polymers. Landfill or incineration: what is the best disposal route for our waste plastic materials? Large numbers of energy-from-waste (EfW) plants exist right across Europe and many of ...

  • Waste tire pyrolysis plant with detail introduction

    Pyrolysis plant: With the global warming and usage of tire and rubber products, it has become unstoppable trend to recycle these solid wastes and convert them into fuel oil in pyrolysis way which adopts green environment friendly technology. Huayin company began to research waste tire pyrolysis plant since 1993. Now we did it, we invented the waste tyre recycling machinery to ...


  • Relation between the exergy of waste emissions and measures of environmental impact

    In an attempt to improve methodologies for assessing and predicting environmental impact, the relation between several measures of environmental impact potential and exergy is investigated. Exergy is a measure of the degree of disequilibrium between a substance and its environment. The approach taken compares current methods used to assess the environmental impact potential of waste emissions and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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