coal-to-liquid Articles

  • Coal-to-liquid fuels poised for a comeback

    Converting coal into liquid fuels is known to be more costly than current energy technologies, both in terms of production costs and the amount of greenhouse gases the process emits. Production of coal-to-liquid fuel, or CTL, has a large carbon footprint, releasing more than twice the lifecycle greenhouse gases of conventional petroleum fuels. However, with the rise in energy prices that began ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • What The AD Industry Can Learn From Solar Standardization

    Applying a proven project finance model to the anaerobic digestion industry is the best way to ensure projects get built and operate profitably over the long-term. THE U.S. anaerobic digestion (AD) market represents an attractive, multibillion dollar investment opportunity. However, structural industry obstacles must be overcome before the market can realize its full potential. As a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 3: Extending Service Life Using Prefiltration

    Last month we examined filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous use applications.  In this 3rd installment, we will examine the use of prefilters to extend service life. Clarifying liquids with high levels of suspended solids is challenging, especially for applications requiring submicron filtration.  In these applications, filter users who experience ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • What is a Rotary Tube Furnace?

    By definition, a rotary tube furnace is a heat-treating circular furnace, which rotates during heat-treatment. Samples are transported through the furnace in a circular path as they are heated. Rotary tube furnaces generally burn pulverized, solid, gaseous or liquid fuel into its working section, and then the heating gases created flow towards the sample. These furnaces feature a metal drum lined ...


    By Thermcraft Inc

  • Why You Should Consider a Sample Conditioning Unit for Taking Low NOx Measurements When Using a Portable Emissions Analyzer

    Using state-of-the-art technology, we here at E Instruments create high-quality portable industrial combustion gas and emissions analyzers that are capable of taking precise, low NOx measurements for both NO and NO2. In particular, we recommend our sample conditioning unit to those of you who need to take accurate, low NOx or SO2 ...

  • Hazardous waste and not, Baioni-Dicatech system

    The identification, characterization and restoration of contaminated areas now represent a big environmental issue, both at European and national level. In the major industrialized countries the issue of contaminated land has come out in all its gravity in the late seventies when, against a widespread awakening of environmental consciousness, important pollutions events emerged. Consequently, in ...


    By Baioni Crushing Plants Spa

  • Composition, morphology, properties of coal fly ash microspheres and their application for conditioning liquid radioactive waste

    Using methods of the Mossbauer spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and thermodynamic analysis of phase formation in silicate multi-component melts, the detailed study of composition, morphology, and properties of fly ash microspheres resulting from combustion of three coals (Irsha-Borodinskii, Kuznetskii and Ekibastuzskii) was carried out. About 60 microspherical products with an iron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal sorption characteristics and coal surface tension

    Underground coal mining in the Bulli Seam of Sydney Basin, Australia encounters the problems of coal and gas outburst as the coal contains high concentration of CO 2 , where certain parts of the seam have been found to be especially hard-to-drain. In order to better understand these problems, the influence of temperature and moisture on sorption capacity of bituminous coal was investigated at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Underground Coal Gasification: Converting Unmineable Coal To Energy

    Currently, about 1.5 billion people –almost a quarter of the world’s population— are without electric power. The International Energy Agency estimates that world energy demand (for all forms of energy, including transportation fuels) will increase by 36 percent by 2035 and fossil fuels, such as coal, will continue to play a critical role in meeting this demand. What is ...

  • King Coal’s Climate Challenge

    Coal is emerging as a major topic of conversation at the United Nations climate-change negotiations currently taking place in Warsaw – and rightly so. Indeed, it is a discussion that the world needs to have. The latest findings of the ...

  • Types of Coal Crusher for Sale

    Types of Coal Crusher for Sale Used Coal Crusher Plant Coal crusher is a type crusher of ore crushing equipments used for coal plant. Coal crusher is acknowledged well in coal processing industry for a long time. It is used ...


  • The restructuring of the international coal industry

    The international coal industry is now becoming a global industry emerging from a history of production for national purposes and isolated regional markets. The participants in the market are also changing; the oil companies have come and gone and production is now in the hands of specialist mining companies. This has implications for the way the industry is organised. Deregulation in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal market outlook in China

    Coal is the major primary energy source in China. It is forecast that coal will account for over 60% of the primary energy consumption mix, and the total coal demand will reach 2.3-2.9 billion tons in 2020. However, ensuring the coal supply will be faced with a lot of obstacles in fields such as the degree of detailed exploration of coal reserves, the level of mining technology and mine safety, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal Powder Plant

     Coal Crushing Plant,Coal Powder Plant,Coal Grinding Process The feeders load the ROM coal onto a reclaim ...


  • Competing Coal Ash Proposals

    On May 4, 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped for more stringent ...


    By Acta Group

  • Inquiry Into Coal Seam Gas

    Poorly planned or managed coal seam gas (CSG) exploration or extraction activities pose considerable risks to both groundwater and surface water systems. Key water quality issues, from my own perspective, are listed below. Specific issues may be of greater or lesser significance for particular projects, but all of these issues should be thoroughly and transparently assessed for all proposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The alternative to coal in South Africa

    With a desperate need for dispatchable generation, South Africa should be readily embracing CSP as a low-carbon, sustainable, base load energy alternative. So why do its energy authorities remain unconvinced? This question has formed the subject of Part 2 of the CSP Today South Africa Guide. London, UK October 11 2011 Forget green energy: while most nations are concerned ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Coal Vibrating Screen

    Coal Vibrating Screen, Screen For Coal Preparation We have a wide range of Vibrating screens suitable for various screening application. The  Coal Vibrating Screens are used to separate materials into various sizes for further processing in Crusher. ...


  • Is `clean` coal possible?

    VANCOUVER, April 18, 2007 (GLOBE-Net) - Coal is the world’s most commonly used fuel to produce electrical energy, and will continue as such for some time. Yet it is one of the ’dirtiest’ of all fossil fuels. It is a major source of toxic air pollutants and the leading source of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Many believe ’clean coal’ technologies will improve the energy efficiency of ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

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