coal-to-liquid Articles

  • Coal-to-liquid fuels poised for a comeback

    Converting coal into liquid fuels is known to be more costly than current energy technologies, both in terms of production costs and the amount of greenhouse gases the process emits. Production of coal-to-liquid fuel, or CTL, has a large carbon footprint, releasing more than twice the lifecycle greenhouse gases of conventional petroleum fuels. However, with the rise in energy prices that began ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Why You Should Consider a Sample Conditioning Unit for Taking Low NOx Measurements When Using a Portable Emissions Analyzer

    Using state-of-the-art technology, we here at E Instruments create high-quality portable industrial combustion gas and emissions analyzers that are capable of taking precise, low NOx measurements for both NO and NO2. In particular, we recommend our sample conditioning unit to those of you who need to take accurate, low NOx or SO2 ...

  • What is a Rotary Tube Furnace?

    By definition, a rotary tube furnace is a heat-treating circular furnace, which rotates during heat-treatment. Samples are transported through the furnace in a circular path as they are heated. Rotary tube furnaces generally burn pulverized, solid, gaseous or liquid fuel into its working section, and then the heating gases created flow towards the sample. These furnaces feature a metal drum lined ...


    By Thermcraft Inc

  • How Not to Lose Cadmium While Measuring?

    Today cadmium finds a better usage than a hundred years ago. For example, metal cadmium plating is used for anticorrosion coatings that are more stable than zinc, nickel and tin-plated. Cadmium plating of steel parts gives greater resistance to corrosion, especially in sea water. About 20% of cadmium goes to the manufacture of cadmium electrodes used in ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • Using FTIR spectroscopy to measure hydrocarbon pollution in water

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s 2015 Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water report almost 700 million people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water [1]. Poor water quality is beginning to return to the developed world too. The strain of population growth, intensified agricultural practices and continued industrial expansion have are ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Fuel terminal upgrade installs advanced valve actuation and control - Case Study

    Sector: Oil & Gas Category: Control Networks, Electric Actuators, Fluid Power Actuators, Services Products: CP, Extended Scope, Field Service, IQ3 Range, Pakscan Overview Independent tank storage provider Vopak is increasing and enhancing fuel capacity at the Vopak Terminal Durban in South ...


    By Rotork

  • Shredding Puzzle in the Process of Waste Material Recycling

    There are two main types of waste fabric waste: (1) the factory in the leather fabric processing and production of leather fabric can not be 100% of the use, so in the production of some by-products or waste, such as tailoring and sewing clothes when the extra cloth, cloth and other waste , As well as in the synthesis of chemical fiber in the process of excess waste and so ...


    By Harden Industries Ltd.

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 3: Extending Service Life Using Prefiltration

    Last month we examined filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous use applications.  In this 3rd installment, we will examine the use of prefilters to extend service life. Clarifying liquids with high levels of suspended solids is challenging, especially for applications requiring submicron filtration.  In these applications, filter users who experience ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Composition, morphology, properties of coal fly ash microspheres and their application for conditioning liquid radioactive waste

    Using methods of the Mossbauer spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and thermodynamic analysis of phase formation in silicate multi-component melts, the detailed study of composition, morphology, and properties of fly ash microspheres resulting from combustion of three coals (Irsha-Borodinskii, Kuznetskii and Ekibastuzskii) was carried out. About 60 microspherical products with an iron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Underground Coal Gasification: Converting Unmineable Coal To Energy

    Currently, about 1.5 billion people –almost a quarter of the world’s population— are without electric power. The International Energy Agency estimates that world energy demand (for all forms of energy, including transportation fuels) will increase by 36 percent by 2035 and fossil fuels, such as coal, will continue to play a critical role in meeting this demand. What is ...

  • Coal sorption characteristics and coal surface tension

    Underground coal mining in the Bulli Seam of Sydney Basin, Australia encounters the problems of coal and gas outburst as the coal contains high concentration of CO 2 , where certain parts of the seam have been found to be especially hard-to-drain. In order to better understand these problems, the influence of temperature and moisture on sorption capacity of bituminous coal was investigated at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Inquiry Into Coal Seam Gas

    Poorly planned or managed coal seam gas (CSG) exploration or extraction activities pose considerable risks to both groundwater and surface water systems. Key water quality issues, from my own perspective, are listed below. Specific issues may be of greater or lesser significance for particular projects, but all of these issues should be thoroughly and transparently assessed for all proposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Types of Coal Crusher for Sale

    Types of Coal Crusher for Sale Used Coal Crusher Plant Coal crusher is a type crusher of ore crushing equipments used for coal plant. Coal crusher is acknowledged well in coal processing industry for a long time. It is used ...


  • Coal Powder Plant

     Coal Crushing Plant,Coal Powder Plant,Coal Grinding Process The feeders load the ROM coal onto a reclaim ...


  • The restructuring of the international coal industry

    The international coal industry is now becoming a global industry emerging from a history of production for national purposes and isolated regional markets. The participants in the market are also changing; the oil companies have come and gone and production is now in the hands of specialist mining companies. This has implications for the way the industry is organised. Deregulation in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal market outlook in China

    Coal is the major primary energy source in China. It is forecast that coal will account for over 60% of the primary energy consumption mix, and the total coal demand will reach 2.3-2.9 billion tons in 2020. However, ensuring the coal supply will be faced with a lot of obstacles in fields such as the degree of detailed exploration of coal reserves, the level of mining technology and mine safety, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Competing Coal Ash Proposals

    On May 4, 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped for more stringent ...


    By Acta Group

  • King Coal’s Climate Challenge

    Coal is emerging as a major topic of conversation at the United Nations climate-change negotiations currently taking place in Warsaw – and rightly so. Indeed, it is a discussion that the world needs to have. The latest findings of the ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you