coal-water fuel Articles

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • How to create qualitative fuel from water and coal: case study

    What is “coal-water fuel”?   Coal-water fuel (CWSF or CWS or CWF) is a fuel which consists of fine dispersed coal particles, water and plasticizing agent. This type of fuel is widely used as an alternative to gas and black oil on different heat generating facilities. The operational economy is the main of advantages ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • How to investigate mercury in the oceans?

    Mercury is a highly toxic metal that affects the environment and can endanger people's health, as a powerful neurotoxin. The combustion of coal, waste and fuel are releasing hundreds of tons of heavy metal into the atmosphere annually, and its sediment enters to soil and water. Mercury measurements are part of the EU project "Global Mercury Observation System". The long-term goal of this ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • 99% of Interceptor contamination remediated - Case study

    What is an Interceptor Tank? An interceptor tank is a trap used to filter out hydrocarbon pollutants from rainwater runoff. It is typically used in road construction and on petrol station forecourts to prevent fuel contamination of the water table via runoff. Petrol interceptors work on the premise that some hydrocarbons such as petrol and diesel float on the ...


    By Slick Solutions

  • Coal-to-liquid fuels poised for a comeback

    Converting coal into liquid fuels is known to be more costly than current energy technologies, both in terms of production costs and the amount of greenhouse gases the process emits. Production of coal-to-liquid fuel, or CTL, has a large carbon footprint, releasing more than twice the lifecycle greenhouse gases of conventional petroleum fuels. However, with the rise in energy prices that began ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Tips of installing the coal fired hot water boiler

    After buying an coal fired hot water boiler as being the heat power, the other thing the enterprise should think about is to install it. As all of those other boilers, the installation work likewise need the customer’s attention. Because the installation quality is directly connected ...


  • Coal and its future are fueling conflicts around the globe

    "Coal Wars: The Future of Energy and the Fate of the Planet" (Palgrave Macmillan), by Richard Martin Fierce conflicts over coal are taking place around the globe, but author Richard Martin says the decline and ultimate demise of the fuel that powered the Industrial Revolution is inevitable and cannot be reversed. What he cannot predict, he says, is whether the transition to energy sources that ...


    By Associated Press

  • Fuel Homogenization

    The structure of the financial expenses of automotive businesses and boiler plants is quite varied, though it still allows to identify the main expenditures. First of all, it is the fuel, which accounts for no less than 40% of all costs. Fuel homogenization devices are designed to increase the quality of combustion, thereby saving resources. Homogenized fuel features good performance, ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Fans and fuel

    One of the fun things about researching articles is how you can end up in a totally different place than where you started. A few weeks ago, I was working on a story for the October issue of HDT on oil and coolant analysis. That led to what I'm going to talk about today, which is fans and fuel economy. It started out when I was talking to Mike Tourville with Evans, which makes a waterless ...


    By Evans Cooling Systems, Inc.

  • Water contamination in fuel: cause and effect

    Water exists in three physical states and depending on the surrounding conditions it finds its way to the fuel systems like the high pressure common rail (HPCR) fuel systems on diesel engines. The important point thereafter is to provide the best possible on-engine protection by securing the fuel injector systems from severe damage. As the environmental challenges and emission regulations become ...

  • Co-firing Solid Recovered Fuels (SRFs) with brown coal in large-scale pulverised fuel power plants – a simulation approach

    The results of the numerical simulations performed in a pulverised fuel boiler co-firing coal and Solid Recovered Fuels (SRFs) are presented. SRFs are initially modelled as a mixture of two different fractions (biogenic and plastic) and further simplifications are proposed to save computational expenses. The SRF submodels are validated with available data obtained from a laboratory-scale ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Used Tires are Better Fuels than Coal and Coke, Aliapur Says

    A research conducted by French company Aliapur provides proof that burning used tires produce comparable energy (heat output) but less fossil CO2 emissions than burning coal or petroleum coke. Since used tires are not 100% fossil unlike coal and coke, their combustion emissions have renewable carbon or biomass fraction. Through ASTM D6866 testing, the biomass fraction of used tires was ...


    By Beta Analytic Inc.

  • Pros and Cons of Fossil Fuels

    Used for centuries, fossil fuels have played a vital role in every individual’s life. It has been used for domestic and industrial purposes all across the world. Alike any other thing, it also has some advantages and disadvantages. Fossil fuels are the derivative of plant and animal fossils. As the name suggests, these are made from organic remains or decay of plants and animals. These ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • Waste Fuel Case History

    The Customer The company engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of machinery for decomposing petroleum-based materials. The company uses microwave technology for recovering hydrocarbons and fossil fuels from sources, such as tires, oil shale, capped wells, coal, automotive shredded residue, municipal solid waste, shale deposits, and waste oil streams. The ...

  • Tire Derived Fuel (TDF)

    Tire derived fuel (TDF) is a fuel derived from waste tires of all kinds. TDF is a major use for scrap or waste ...


    By Harden Industries Ltd.

  • Properties and Behavior of Fuels

    Fuel contaminants are generally nonhalogenated. Information presented for nonhalogenated VOCs and nonhalogenated SVOCs may also be appropriate for many of the fuel contaminants presented in this subsection. Contamination by fuel contaminants in the unsaturated zone exists in four phases: vapor in the pore spaces; sorbed to subsurface solids; dissolved in water; or as NAPL. The nature and extent ...

  • Development of Microbial Growth in Fuels

    Microbial contamination is not specific to any one fuel type - marine, aviation, automotive and home heating fuels are all susceptible. Similarly there is no single specific organism that can be identified as being responsible for degradation and spoilage. As a general rule, wherever fuel and water come into contact in a storage or distribution system microbial contamination is likely to ...


    By AXI International

  • Common Treatment Train for Fuels

    A treatment train is the combination of different treatment technologies. A system diagram of a common treatment train for fuels is illustrated below. The fuel contaminated soil is first treated using a soil washing process. Water is injected at the up stream side of the contaminated site. Surfactant or other additives may be added to enhance the soil washing effect. Contaminated water is ...

  • Fuel oil removal

    Project Profile:Aquifer Solutions Groundwater Remediation DATA: End User: Aquifer Solutions, for Republic Paper Location: Board Commissioned: Commerce City, CO, Fall, 2003 Units: (1) FDB-19P Complete with dedicated Flow Rate: backwash ...


    By Filtra Systems

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