coastal conservation Articles

  • Mangroves for coastal defence

    The role of mangroves in protecting our coasts against natural hazards such as storms, tsunamis and coastal erosion has been widely promoted. But the supposed coastal protection services of mangroves have also been subject to debate. The Nature Conservancy and Wetlands International together with the University of Cambridge set out to map the current state of knowledge about the role of mangroves ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Marine and coastal environment

    Although not always immediately apparent, our wellbeing as humans is affected by the environmental state of our seas, because many aspects of our lives benefit from the goods and services provided by well-functioning marine and coastal ecosystems. These ecosystem services offer a multitude of opportunities to provide an income for people for instance through production of fish and shellfish for ...

  • 10 messages for 2010 - coastal ecosystems

    Key messages: 1) As an interface between land and sea, European coastlines provide vital resources for wildlife, but also for the economy and human health and well-being. 2) Multiple pressures, including habitat loss and degradation, pollution, climate change and overexploitation of fish stocks, affect coastal ecosystems. 3) Coastal habitat types and species of Community interest are at risk in ...

  • Natural and human-induced impacts on coastal groundwater

    Groundwater is the main source of potable water in most areas of Mazandaran province, like Sari and Babol city. Thus the safety of groundwater supplies is very important in these regions.  Unfortunately attention to groundwater quality has remained limited in Iran. In recent years, the growth of industry, technology, population, and water use has ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Threats and human influence on coastal ecosystem of Southern India

    Populations of the majority of fish species showed drastic reduction over the past five decades in west coast of India. We conducted an intensive study of Aghanashini estuary for water quality and fish diversity in west coast of India. Coastal ecosystems are impacted by many stressors and are continually subjected to threats from multiple stresses imposed mostly by human activities predominantly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coastal Capital: Ecosystem Valuation for Decision Making in the Caribbean

    Executive Summary Tropical coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, beaches, and seagrasses—provide a range of valuable goods and services to people and economies across the Caribbean. These ecosystems contribute to tourism, fisheries, shoreline protection, and more. However, despite their importance, coastal ecosystems are under threat from numerous human ...

  • Making Economic Valuation Count for Coastal Ecosystems in the Caribbean

    People and economies across the Caribbean are dependent on coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, and beaches. These ecosystems provide critical habitat to commercial fisheries, attract tourists from around the world, and protect coastal communities and infrastructure from the ravages of tropical storms. But despite their importance, these ecosystems are ...

  • Does economic valuation really influence coastal policy?

    Governments, corporations, and development agencies are increasingly interested in putting a dollar value on ecosystems in order to balance conservation and development needs, a concept known as ...

  • How mangroves help in reducing flooding and coastal erosion

    Inhabitants of low lying delta areas are particularly exposed to flooding and erosion caused by storms and hurricanes. These pressures increase with climate change and sea level rise. Coastal wetlands, such as mangroves, can play a key role in damage mitigation during disasters, as well as in stabilising coastlines. They also contribute to aquaculture and fisheries. Integration of ecosystem-based ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Biodiversity and its conservation in the Sundarban Mangrove Ecosystem

    Abstract.  The Sundarban, covering about one million ha in the delta of the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna is shared between Bangladesh (~60%) and India (~40%), and is the world’s largest coastal wetland. The area experiences a subtropical monsoonal climate with an annual rainfall of 1,600–1,800 mm and severe cyclonic storms. Enormous amounts of sediments carried by the rivers ...


    By Springer

  • Mudbank - Responsible business supporting biodiversity and flyway conservation

    Mudbank is an innovative approach for business to support the conservation of wetlands and migratory waterbirds around the globe. To offset the impact of development projects, Mudbank invests on behalf of companies in the permanent protection of important coastal habitat along migratory flyways. It is designed to be an option in the Mitigation Hierarchy—and not just an “in lieu ...


    By Wetlands International

  • A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2015

    This paper presents the results of our sixth annual horizon scan, which aims to identify phenomena that may have substantial effects on the global environment, but are not widely known or well understood. A group of professional horizon scanners, researchers, practitioners, and a journalist identified 15 topics via an iterative, Delphi-like process. Wetlands International was part ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Efforts towards setting eutrophication assessment criteria for coastal marine ecosystems

    Eutrophication of coastal marine environments is a widespread and transboundary problem necessitating consideration of measures to conserve and restore the marine environments that have been adversely affected. As of now, there exist no criteria set for eutrophication of coastal marine waters due to the difficulty to establish single national/international assessment criteria for eutrophication ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chlorination By-Products in Chlorinated Cooling Water of some European Coastal Power Stations

    Chlorination by-products (CBPs) are formed as a result of the chlorination of power station cooling water for anti-fouling purposes. Their production was studied at 10 coastal power stations in the UK, France and The Netherlands. Three categories of CBPs were determined: trihalomethanes; haloacetonitriles; and halophenols. Bromoform was the CBP most abundantly present in the efluents of all 10 ...


    By Sweco Nederland BV

  • Influence of Coastal Economic Valuations in the Caribbean: Enabling Conditions and Lessons Learned

    Across the Caribbean, national economies are heavily dependent on coastal ecosystem services. Coral reefs, mangroves, and other coastal ecosystems provide fish habitat, attract tourists, and protect shorelines from storm damage. However, coastal habitats continue to degrade due to local and global pressures. For example, more than 75 percent of the Caribbean’s coral reefs are currently ...

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Chlorination By-Products in Chlorinated Cooling Water of some European Coastal Power Stations

    Chlorination by-products (CBPs) are formed as a result of ti;: cnlorination of power station cooling waterfor anti-foulingpurposes. Their production was studiedat IO coastal power stations in the UK, France and The Netherlands. Three categories of CBPs were determined: trihalomethanes; haloacetonitriles; and halophenols. Bromoform was the CBP most abundantly present in the efluents of all 10 ...


    By Aquator B.V.

  • Ecosystem accounting and the cost of biodiversity losses — the case of coastal Mediterranean wetlands

    Executive summary The way people are thinking about biodiversity is changing. Until recently, arguments in support of the conservation of species and habitats were based primarily on issues such as their evolutionary uniqueness, rarity or threat of extinction. Today, these arguments also include how maintaining biodiversity directly benefits people by contributing to well-being or quality ...

  • Water conservation in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries: a decision support system approach

    Freshwater sources are very limited in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Their capital abundance and coastal locations enabled them to produce freshwater through desalination and supply water to customers at highly subsidised price. However, due to the sharp increase in population and misuse of freshwater, there are shortages in water supply. The GCC countries need to take appropriate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOC and UVA attenuation with soil aquifer treatment in the saturated zone of an artificial coastal sandfill

    Results from a direct recharge experiment conducted in the field to investigate DOC and UVA254 attenuation rates during the direct injection of UF treated wastewater into a artificial coastal sandfill are presented in this paper. Approximately 500 m3 of ultra-filtered wastewater was injected into the saturated zone, over a period of 9 days. The movement of the plume was tracked over 80 days, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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