coastal current Articles

  • Mangroves for coastal defence

    The role of mangroves in protecting our coasts against natural hazards such as storms, tsunamis and coastal erosion has been widely promoted. But the supposed coastal protection services of mangroves have also been subject to debate. The Nature Conservancy and Wetlands International together with the University of Cambridge set out to map the current state of knowledge about the role of mangroves ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Stakeholder involvement for management of the coastal zone

    The European Union has taken the lead to promote the management of coastal systems. Management strategies are implemented by the Water Framework Directive (WFD), the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), as well as the recent Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Directive. Most EU directives have a strong focus on public participation; however, a recent review found that the actual ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Waste systems for lake and coastal development

    Abstract Because of site specific factors such as clayey soils, excessive slopes. seasonal soil wetness, and rapid "perc" sands, the conventional septic tank-soil absorption system has had a high rate of malfunctioning in lake and coastal shore developments. Because of high density of development in close proximity to these waters of Texas, alternative systems were needed which offer ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Coastal zones: achieving sustainable management

    Coastal zones are the link between land and the sea and are unique areas, highly diverse in species, habitats and ecosystems. They are environmentally sensitive and economically valuable, with ecosystems rich in biodiversity also providing benefits such as protection from the elements, food and opportunities for the generation of renewable energy. They are also extremely important to human ...

  • Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil)

    An important tool in environmental management projects and studies due to the complexity of environmental systems, environmental modeling makes it possible to integrate many variables and processes, thereby providing a dynamic view of systems. In this study the bacteriological quality of the coastal waters of Fortaleza (a state capital in Northeastern Brazil) was modeled considering multiple ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Natural and human-induced impacts on coastal groundwater

    Groundwater is the main source of potable water in most areas of Mazandaran province, like Sari and Babol city. Thus the safety of groundwater supplies is very important in these regions.  Unfortunately attention to groundwater quality has remained limited in Iran. In recent years, the growth of industry, technology, population, and water use has ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Making Economic Valuation Count for Coastal Ecosystems in the Caribbean

    People and economies across the Caribbean are dependent on coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, and beaches. These ecosystems provide critical habitat to commercial fisheries, attract tourists from around the world, and protect coastal communities and infrastructure from the ravages of tropical storms. But despite their importance, these ecosystems are ...

  • New hope for coastal resilience for the people of Timbul Sloko

    It was an early Saturday morning in Timbul Sloko, at the North Coast of central Java, Indonesia, and not just any Saturday. It was a day of hope. The community gathered together to discuss the rehabilitation of their lost land. Moving away? There seemed to be no means of stopping it. Major investments were made in infrastructural responses like seawalls and wave ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Sea Level Rise: Risk and Resilience in Coastal Cities

    Introduction One of the most dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change is a rise in the global sea level caused by the melting of glaciers and land-based ice caps, as well as a smaller increase from expansion due to the higher temperature of the water itself.  Unlike some other predicted effects of climate change, this impact has already been observed for some time.  Indeed, ...


    By Climate Institute

  • The Changing Faces of Europe`s Coastal Areas

    Executive Summary This report provides information on the state of the environment in the coastal areas of Europe, and provides evidence of the need for a more integrated, long-term approach. Since 1995, concern about the state of Europe's coastline has led to a number of EU initiatives, which build on the concept of integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). ICZM attempts to balance the needs of ...

  • Sewage of Tripoli: a review of the current situation and of the future planning

    Tripoli represents a major urban area in Lebanon with about 350,000 people in the city, which may swell by additional 100,000 when the city surrounding population is counted. It used to be a dominant agricultural region, but the last three decades witnessed a rapid development of urban construction. The goal of this paper was to present the current situation regarding the sewage disposal, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coastal sensitivity to sea level rise: A focus on the mid-Atlantic region

    The U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) was launched in February 2002 as a collaborative federal interagency program, under a new cabinet-level organization designed to improve the government-wide management and dissemination of climate change science and related technology development. The mission of the CCSP is to “facilitate the creation and application of knowledge of the Earth’s ...

  • Climate Change Adaptation in Grenada. Water Resources, Coastal Systems and Renewable Energy

    This study serves as a starting point for the development of a more in-depth and comprehensive analysis of climate change impacts and adaptation programmes for Grenada and other Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The study focuses on three priority areas: water resources, coastal ecosystems and renewable energy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Multi-Sensor Piezometer for Shallow Marine Sediments in Coastal Environments

    A multi-sensor piezometer has been developed to measure dynamic excess and ambient pore pressures in shallow marine sediments under the effect of surface waves, tides, and currents. The probe consists of a shaft (1.5 m long with five porous stones at subseafloor depths ranging from 0.10 to 0.93 m) and two upper chambers (one that is hermetically sealed for the transducer electronics and another ...


    By ASTM International

  • Influence of Coastal Economic Valuations in the Caribbean: Enabling Conditions and Lessons Learned

    Across the Caribbean, national economies are heavily dependent on coastal ecosystem services. Coral reefs, mangroves, and other coastal ecosystems provide fish habitat, attract tourists, and protect shorelines from storm damage. However, coastal habitats continue to degrade due to local and global pressures. For example, more than 75 percent of the Caribbean’s coral reefs are currently ...

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Coastal Communities in Virginia lead the way on local climate action

    This was the message of Mayor Will Sessoms from Virginia Beach, VA, delivered last Friday at a conference on “Adaptive Planning for Flooding and Coastal Change.” Like so many cities along the Atlantic coast, Virginia Beach is at the frontlines of climate change, experiencing ...

  • Analysis of the current knowledge gaps in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive

    The general objective of the REBECCA project1 is to provide relevant scientific support for the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The two specific aims of the project are, firstly, to establish links between ecological status of surface waters and physico-chemical quality elements and pressures from different sources, and, secondly, to develop and validate tools that member ...


  • Application of current risk-based remediation criteria for the post-closure assessment of a former National Priorities List (NPL) site

    Hurricane accelerated erosion and land loss of the Mississippi River coastal zone has necessitated a re evaluation of environmental risk at closed National Priority List (NPL) industrial waste sites in Louisiana, USA. Clean up criteria of a site were evaluated under the Louisiana Risk Evaluation Corrective Action Program (RECAP 2003). An assessment of the closed site using RECAP 2003 indicated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heavy metals in seawater, sediments and biota from the coastal area of Yancheng City, China

    A systematic investigation was carried out to analyze the concentration levels of heavy metals in the sample seawater, sediments and biota collected from the coastal area of Yancheng City of Jiangsu Province of China. An assessment was carried out on the impact of these heavy metals in different environmental samples in terms of potential risks to ecology and also to the human population ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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