coastal current monitoring Articles

  • Natural and human-induced impacts on coastal groundwater

    Groundwater is the main source of potable water in most areas of Mazandaran province, like Sari and Babol city. Thus the safety of groundwater supplies is very important in these regions.  Unfortunately attention to groundwater quality has remained limited in Iran. In recent years, the growth of industry, technology, population, and water use has ...


    By University of Tehran

  • The Changing Faces of Europe`s Coastal Areas

    Executive Summary This report provides information on the state of the environment in the coastal areas of Europe, and provides evidence of the need for a more integrated, long-term approach. Since 1995, concern about the state of Europe's coastline has led to a number of EU initiatives, which build on the concept of integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). ICZM attempts to balance the needs of ...

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Influence of Coastal Economic Valuations in the Caribbean: Enabling Conditions and Lessons Learned

    Across the Caribbean, national economies are heavily dependent on coastal ecosystem services. Coral reefs, mangroves, and other coastal ecosystems provide fish habitat, attract tourists, and protect shorelines from storm damage. However, coastal habitats continue to degrade due to local and global pressures. For example, more than 75 percent of the Caribbean’s coral reefs are currently ...

  • Analysis of the current knowledge gaps in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive

    The general objective of the REBECCA project1 is to provide relevant scientific support for the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The two specific aims of the project are, firstly, to establish links between ecological status of surface waters and physico-chemical quality elements and pressures from different sources, and, secondly, to develop and validate tools that member ...


  • Multi‐media screening of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in coastal urban watersheds in Southern California (USA)

    To examine the occurrence and fate of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and inform future monitoring of CECs in coastal urban waterways, water, sediment and fish tissue samples were collected and analyzed for a broad suite of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), commercial/household chemicals, current use pesticides and hormones in an effluent‐dominated river and multiple ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The occurrence and fate of chemicals of emerging concern (CECS) in coastal urban rivers receiving discharge of treated municipal wastewater effluent

    To inform future monitoring and assessment of chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) in coastal urban watersheds, the occurrence and fate of more than 60 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), commercial/household chemicals, current use pesticides and hormones were characterized in two effluent‐dominated rivers in southern California, USA. Water samples were collected during two ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Wintering Waterbird Census in the Azov- Black Sea Coastal Wetlands of Ukraine, Georgia and Turkey

    The coastal wetlands of the Black Sea region are important for millions of waterbirds wintering each year in that region. This attracts attention from ornithologists from the Black Sea countries as well as from international conservation organizations. The fi rst counts were conducted about 80 years ago, but they were organised on a regular basis only due to the development of the International ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Balancing the future of Europe`s coasts — knowledge base for integrated management

    This report has three elements. Firstly, it gives a snapshot of the current state of Europe's coastal regions. Secondly, it assesses the policies used to manage coastal regions, and discusses the proposal for a new European directive to improve the management of coastal regions. Thirdly, it highlights the need for better information and better monitoring tools to help inform this management ...

  • Development of decision support system for managing and using recreational beaches

    The paper presents a decision support system (DSS) for managing and using recreational beaches. The DSS consists of (1) a sensor-assisted water quality monitoring system, (2) a multiple linear regression (MLR) model, developed with the Virtual Beach (VB) program, for predicting enterococci levels, and (3) a web-enabled Geographic Information System (GIS) platform for displaying beach water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-time forecasting of Hong Kong beach water quality by 3D deterministic modelling

    Bathing beaches are important marine resources for many coastal cities. To safeguard the health of beach users, beach management authorities in Hong Kong rely on the use of the concentration of the indicator bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli). Currently, the beach water quality grading system (from “good” to “very poor”) is based on the geometric mean of the most recent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The response of mangrove soil surface elevation to sea level rise

    Coastal ecosystems such as mangroves can reduce risk to people and infrastructure from wave damage and flooding. The continued provision of these coastal defence services by mangroves is dependent on their capacity to adapt to projected rates of sea level rise. This report explores the capacity of mangrove soil surfaces to increase in elevation in response to local rises in sea level. Historical ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Marine specimen banking: archive and pollution control for the 21st century

    The oceans have in the past been extensively used as disposal sites for various kinds of waste. The world ocean – being the final sink for many natural and anthropogenic substances – is a "labile" ecosystem, which is and has for a long time been the focal point of extensive interdisciplinary research. Measurements of heavy metals and a suite of various chemical compounds in the marine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Position Brief on oil and gas development of the Arctic

    Background The Arctic Circle encompasses roughly 6% of the earth’s surface. Wetlands make up about 60% of the total Arctic land mass and are the predominant ecosystem, however they are not well defined or understood. Arctic wetlands provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as the maintenance of permafrost, hydrology and water quality. Arctic wetlands have the highest ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Questions and Answers on the Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning

    Why do we need a Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning? The uncoordinated use of coastal and maritime areas creates competition for maritime space and is an inefficient use of marine resources. A lack of predictability regarding appropriate access to the maritime space has created an uncertain climate for investment. With rapidly increasing demand for maritime space for new ...

  • Ocean science for sustainable development: Facts and figures

    Sarah Grimes explores why we need good ocean monitoring, how to get it, and why it still fails Small Island Developing States. Oceans are a critically important component of the Earth system, supporting ecosystem and human health. They regulate the weather and climate; are essential for producing freshwater; and soak up ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Case study - SEAWATCH India

    CLIENT: Department of Ocean Development (DOD), Government of India PURPOSE: Implementation of a Marine Surveillance and Information System (MIS) for Indian waters DURATION: Phase 1, 1997 to 2000 Operational phase: 2000 onwards LOCATION: Indian EEZ DESCRIPTION: The project ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Pump/Recharge Rate Affects Saltwater Intrusion

    Untitled Document Many areas of the world use groundwater as their main source of fresh water supply. With the worlds population increasing ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Real-Time Control Optimizes Extended Aeration Processes

    The population of Hillsborough County, Florida has doubled since the Valrico advanced wastewater treatment plant (AWTP) was built in 1990 to treat the sewage of several small communities west of the City of Tampa. When it began operation, the Valrico AWTP capacity was only 4 MGD; small when compared to Tampa's 96 MGD Howard F. Curren AWTP located not far to the east. But Valrico serves as a very ...

  • Water quality in the Arosa Bay

    Background One of the great impediments to further development of shellfish aquaculture in the north-west region of Spain isa perception that industry expansion and tourism could have negative environmental effects on the coastal waters. Especially the bay around Villagarcia de Arosa is very famous because of its excellent areas for shellfish farming. The government of Spain is ...

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