coastal ecosystem Articles

  • Climate Change and Coastal Ecosystems: An Overview

    Abstract: The amounts of trace gases notably CO_2, N_2O and CH_4 have been increasing in the earth's atmosphere. Increased concentration of these gases leads to a warming of the Earth's surface and the lower atmosphere. The resulting changes in climate and their impacts such as sea level rise, coastal ecosystems etc, can be estimated without associating the origin of the warming to any one of ...


  • 10 messages for 2010 - coastal ecosystems

    Key messages: 1) As an interface between land and sea, European coastlines provide vital resources for wildlife, but also for the economy and human health and well-being. 2) Multiple pressures, including habitat loss and degradation, pollution, climate change and overexploitation of fish stocks, affect coastal ecosystems. 3) Coastal habitat types and species of Community interest are at risk in ...

  • Making Economic Valuation Count for Coastal Ecosystems in the Caribbean

    People and economies across the Caribbean are dependent on coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, and beaches. These ecosystems provide critical habitat to commercial fisheries, attract tourists from around the world, and protect coastal communities and infrastructure from the ravages of tropical storms. But despite their importance, these ecosystems are ...

  • Coastal Capital: Ecosystem Valuation for Decision Making in the Caribbean

    Executive Summary Tropical coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, beaches, and seagrasses—provide a range of valuable goods and services to people and economies across the Caribbean. These ecosystems contribute to tourism, fisheries, shoreline protection, and more. However, despite their importance, coastal ecosystems are under threat from numerous human ...

  • Threats and human influence on coastal ecosystem of Southern India

    Populations of the majority of fish species showed drastic reduction over the past five decades in west coast of India. We conducted an intensive study of Aghanashini estuary for water quality and fish diversity in west coast of India. Coastal ecosystems are impacted by many stressors and are continually subjected to threats from multiple stresses imposed mostly by human activities predominantly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Use of Models For Ecological Risk Assessment in Coastal Ecosystems: Thresholds Point of View

    Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) can be defined as “the process for systematically evaluating how likely it is that adverse ecological effects may occur as a result of exposure to one or more stressors” (U.S. EPA, 1998). The idea of adopting ERA as a fundamental component in the management of ecosystems has gained an increased recognition due to the fact that it is impossible to eliminate all ...


  • Effects of benthos, temperature, and dose on the fate of hexabromocyclododecane in experimental coastal ecosystems

    The authors studied the fate of the brominated flame retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) added in a particulate suspension to experimental ecosystems assembled from brackish (Baltic Sea) coastal bays. Two experiments examined how benthic macrofauna (over 21 d) and increased temperature (14 d) affected HBCDD concentrations and fractionation of α, β, and γ diastereomers in the water, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ecosystem accounting and the cost of biodiversity losses — the case of coastal Mediterranean wetlands

    Executive summary The way people are thinking about biodiversity is changing. Until recently, arguments in support of the conservation of species and habitats were based primarily on issues such as their evolutionary uniqueness, rarity or threat of extinction. Today, these arguments also include how maintaining biodiversity directly benefits people by contributing to well-being or quality ...

  • Efforts towards setting eutrophication assessment criteria for coastal marine ecosystems

    Eutrophication of coastal marine environments is a widespread and transboundary problem necessitating consideration of measures to conserve and restore the marine environments that have been adversely affected. As of now, there exist no criteria set for eutrophication of coastal marine waters due to the difficulty to establish single national/international assessment criteria for eutrophication ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Marine and coastal environment

    Although not always immediately apparent, our wellbeing as humans is affected by the environmental state of our seas, because many aspects of our lives benefit from the goods and services provided by well-functioning marine and coastal ecosystems. These ecosystem services offer a multitude of opportunities to provide an income for people for instance through production of fish and shellfish for ...

  • Mangroves for coastal defence

    The role of mangroves in protecting our coasts against natural hazards such as storms, tsunamis and coastal erosion has been widely promoted. But the supposed coastal protection services of mangroves have also been subject to debate. The Nature Conservancy and Wetlands International together with the University of Cambridge set out to map the current state of knowledge about the role of mangroves ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Model Benchmarks For Coastal Lagoons

    To promote reliable, real-time management of coastal lagoons, increasingly sophisticated numerical models have been developed within the DITTY project (WP4). While models are diverse in design and scope, i.e. watershed, fluid-dynamics, biogeochemical, all have the same fundamental goal, i.e. to account realistically for the processes that drive the dynamic behaviour in coastal lagoons so that ...


  • Coastal zones: achieving sustainable management

    Coastal zones are the link between land and the sea and are unique areas, highly diverse in species, habitats and ecosystems. They are environmentally sensitive and economically valuable, with ecosystems rich in biodiversity also providing benefits such as protection from the elements, food and opportunities for the generation of renewable energy. They are also extremely important to human ...

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is an international initiative to draw attention to the benefits of biodiversity. It focuses on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services, the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and the benefits of action addressing these pressures. The TEEB initiative has brought together over five hundred authors and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The Ecosystem Approach To Marine Planning and Management

    Keywords: ecosystem management, marine spatial planning, Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, marine protected areas (MPAs) Provisions for marine planning form a key component of the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 and the planning process has already commenced in some parts of the country. A book on The Ecosystem Approach to Marine Planning and Management is therefore timely. The ...


  • How Much Are Ecosystems Really Worth?

    How do people, governments, and corporations “value” ecosystems? And how can you put a price on the vast array of social, economic, and environmental benefits that ecosystems provide? These are just two of the questions experts sought to address at “The Future of Revaluing Ecosystems,” an event WRI recently convened in ...

  • 10 messages for 2010 — mountain ecosystems

    Key messages - European mountain regions provide essential ecosystem services for lowlands and host a great diversity of habitats and species, many adapted to specific extreme climatic conditions. - Mountain ecosystems are fragile and vulnerable, and face severe threats from land abandonment, intensifying agriculture, impacts of infrastructure development, unsustainable exploitation and climate ...

  • Integrated management of the coastal zone for the Gulf region

    The Gulf ecosystem is and has been under considerable stress, both naturally as well as due to anthropogenic activities associated with the exploitation of enormous oil and gas reserves in the region. This study focuses on developing and recommending an integrated strategic plan for the management of coastal resources in the Gulf region. An incremental approach has been recommended to minimise ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Changing Faces of Europe`s Coastal Areas

    Executive Summary This report provides information on the state of the environment in the coastal areas of Europe, and provides evidence of the need for a more integrated, long-term approach. Since 1995, concern about the state of Europe's coastline has led to a number of EU initiatives, which build on the concept of integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). ICZM attempts to balance the needs of ...

  • Does economic valuation really influence coastal policy?

    Governments, corporations, and development agencies are increasingly interested in putting a dollar value on ecosystems in order to balance conservation and development needs, a concept known as ...

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