coastal monitoring Articles

  • Monitoring Strategies For Phytoplankton in The Baltic Sea Coastal Waters

    Phytoplankton monitoring in the Baltic Sea is to a large extent harmonised through the HELCOM COMBINE protocol. This ensures that the methods of sampling and analysis are quite similar and that data should be relatively comparable. There are differences in the spatial and temporal coverage of samples taken within the different monitoring programs. Moreover, within the national monitoring programs ...


  • Seawater Biotoxicity monitoring to protect the coastal waters of Italy

    The recorded death of fish in the river that flows out of the industrial zone of Scarlino has created the need of the installation of a biological alarm system. The decision was made to work with an automatic system, iTOXcontrol created by microLAN-The Netherlands represented in Italy by Ecotox Lds, which uses marine bacteria. The system compares the values of the light emission from these ...

  • Coastal Monitoring Using a Custom DAQ Solution

    CAS DataLoggers recently developed a custom measuring process for a large county’s environmental department to acquire data on the wave run-up at a local levee as part of the county’s 2010 general plan for coastal protection. The department needed to develop a new measurement system for wave run-up because no suitable system existed on the market. The safety of the levees needed to be ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Oil pollution in the Caspian Sea coastal waters

    The study aims to investigate hydrocarbon and pollutant concentrations in the southern coastal waters of the Caspian Sea to trace their origins and nature, including the effect of the beach materials on hydrocarbons for 11 sites in Golestan, Mazandaran, and Guilan provinces. Samples were collected from sandy and rocky sites for gas chromatography in five carbon ranges of gasoline, diesel oil, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Natural and human-induced impacts on coastal groundwater

    Groundwater is the main source of potable water in most areas of Mazandaran province, like Sari and Babol city. Thus the safety of groundwater supplies is very important in these regions.  Unfortunately attention to groundwater quality has remained limited in Iran. In recent years, the growth of industry, technology, population, and water use has ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Assessing Risk Information Concerning Coastal Runoff

    Executive Summary In coastal urban watersheds, runoff from the landscape eventually reaches the ocean. If beaches along the ocean are used for recreation, three vital and interrelated questions arise. First, whether and to what extent does urban runoff degrade the quality of ocean water that is used for recreation? Second, to what extent docs this runoff-related ocean pollution pose a ...

  • The variation of stygofauna along a gradient of salinization in a coastal aquifer

    We examined the variation of stygofauna composition collected in wells, along a gradient in groundwater salinity/conductivity in a coastal aquifer from southern Portugal. The studied coastal aquifer is considered vulnerable to salinization due to seawater intrusion, caused by overexploitation of the aquifer. Knowing the response of the stygofauna species to present levels of groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coastal Capital: Ecosystem Valuation for Decision Making in the Caribbean

    Executive Summary Tropical coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, beaches, and seagrasses—provide a range of valuable goods and services to people and economies across the Caribbean. These ecosystems contribute to tourism, fisheries, shoreline protection, and more. However, despite their importance, coastal ecosystems are under threat from numerous human ...

  • Developing Reference Conditions For Phytoplankton in The Baltic Coastal Waters

    For the implementation of the Water Framework Directive reference conditions have to be established for the various quality element. In this report we outline a number of approaches that can be pursued for establishing reference conditions for phytoplankton at a regional level and discuss the problems associated with their application. This report does not exhaust the topic of establishing ...


  • The Changing Faces of Europe`s Coastal Areas

    Executive Summary This report provides information on the state of the environment in the coastal areas of Europe, and provides evidence of the need for a more integrated, long-term approach. Since 1995, concern about the state of Europe's coastline has led to a number of EU initiatives, which build on the concept of integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). ICZM attempts to balance the needs of ...

  • Specificity of a defined substrate method used to monitor balneability of tropical coastal waters impacted by polluted stormwater

    Defined substrate (DS) is an alternative technique to monitoring the water quality based on species-specific enzyme activity. Although more sensitive and more specific than traditional media, there is some controversy over use in the warmer waters of tropical and subtropical environments, rich in organic matter and microorganism groups capable of interfering with results. The aim of this study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Regional-scale monitoring of coastal contamination. Nutrients and heavy metals in estuarine sediments and organisms on the coast of Galicia (northwest Spain)

    We determined background levels of heavy metals in sediments and biota of estuarine environments and nutrient reference levels in sediments of the Galician coast. This region is characterised by having ria-type estuaries. The determination of these levels, which were affected by the geological heterogeneity of the area, was the basis that let us evaluate the contamination status of this coast. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lessons learnt from adaptation planning in four deltas and coastal cities

    Deltas and coastal cities around the world face the need to adapt to uncertain future changes. We compared adaptation planning on flood risk management in four cases based on three main elements of adaptive planning: to prepare for a wide range of plausible future scenarios; to respond to change with robust and flexible actions; and to monitor critical changes to be able to reassess the plan ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of meteorological factors on air pollution concentration for a coastal region in India

    A long-term study of measurement of concentration of NOx, SO2 and TSP pollutants have been done in a port and harbour region in India. Monthly measurements of gaseous and particulate pollutants were made at six monitoring stations from January 1997 to December 2000. Meteorological data was also simultaneously collected. In this study, the relationship between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Efforts towards setting eutrophication assessment criteria for coastal marine ecosystems

    Eutrophication of coastal marine environments is a widespread and transboundary problem necessitating consideration of measures to conserve and restore the marine environments that have been adversely affected. As of now, there exist no criteria set for eutrophication of coastal marine waters due to the difficulty to establish single national/international assessment criteria for eutrophication ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pyrethroid and organophosphate pesticide‐associated toxicity in two coastal watersheds (California, USA)

    Portions of the Santa Maria River and Oso Flaco Creek watersheds in central California, USA, are listed as impaired, under section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act, and require development of total maximum daily load (TMDL) allocations. These listings are for general pesticide contamination, but are largely based on historic monitoring of sediment and fish tissue samples that showed contamination by ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Bioremediation of fuel oil spill at a coastal naval air station in the united kingdom

    Introduction Approximately 1000 gallons of fuel oil had seeped from broken storage tank lines into the soil matrix beneath a boiler house. Oil was subsequently forced from beneath the boiler building by periodic heavy rainfall. The fuel oil migrated down a slope into a farmer"s field causing extensive damage to the vegetation and grazing area inhabited by sheep. ...


    By Microbac Ltd

  • Nitrogen source tracking with 15N content of coastal wetland plants in hawaii

    Received for publication January 7, 2009. Inter- and intra-site comparisons of the nitrogen (N) stable isotope composition of wetland plant species have been used to identify sources of N in coastal areas. In this study, we compared 15N values from different herbaceous wetland plants across 34 different coastal wetlands from the five main Hawaiian Islands and investigated relationships of 15N ...

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Ecosystem accounting and the cost of biodiversity losses — the case of coastal Mediterranean wetlands

    Executive summary The way people are thinking about biodiversity is changing. Until recently, arguments in support of the conservation of species and habitats were based primarily on issues such as their evolutionary uniqueness, rarity or threat of extinction. Today, these arguments also include how maintaining biodiversity directly benefits people by contributing to well-being or quality ...

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