coastal scientist Articles

  • Coastal zones: achieving sustainable management

    Coastal zones are the link between land and the sea and are unique areas, highly diverse in species, habitats and ecosystems. They are environmentally sensitive and economically valuable, with ecosystems rich in biodiversity also providing benefits such as protection from the elements, food and opportunities for the generation of renewable energy. They are also extremely important to human ...

  • Sea Level Rise: Risk and Resilience in Coastal Cities

    Introduction One of the most dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change is a rise in the global sea level caused by the melting of glaciers and land-based ice caps, as well as a smaller increase from expansion due to the higher temperature of the water itself.  Unlike some other predicted effects of climate change, this impact has already been observed for some time.  Indeed, ...


    By Climate Institute

  • New Maps from Old Photos: Measuring Coastal Erosion

    U.S. Geological Survey scientists and their coauthors from the California Coastal Records Project have found a way to use historical aerial photographs not just to see evidence of coastal erosion, but to accurately measure how much has occurred over time. Applying a low-cost technique called “structure-from-motion” to five sets of oblique aerial photos spanning the years ...

  • Coastal Communities in Virginia lead the way on local climate action

    This was the message of Mayor Will Sessoms from Virginia Beach, VA, delivered last Friday at a conference on “Adaptive Planning for Flooding and Coastal Change.” Like so many cities along the Atlantic coast, Virginia Beach is at the frontlines of climate change, experiencing ...

  • Scientists dealing with stakeholders' demand for coral reef management indicators: methodological approach and issues

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse how to relate scientific supply to demand regarding sustainable management indicators. This discussion is based on coastal zone management in Reunion Island, for which socioeconomic indicators have been developed. This research allows us to establish conditions to connect social demand with the scientific supply of indicators: to develop an iterative ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wintering Waterbird Census in the Azov- Black Sea Coastal Wetlands of Ukraine, Georgia and Turkey

    The coastal wetlands of the Black Sea region are important for millions of waterbirds wintering each year in that region. This attracts attention from ornithologists from the Black Sea countries as well as from international conservation organizations. The fi rst counts were conducted about 80 years ago, but they were organised on a regular basis only due to the development of the International ...


    By Wetlands International

  • USGS, NASA Study Finds Widespread Coastal Land Losses from Gulf Oil Spill

    A new USGS-NASA study found widespread shoreline loss along heavily oiled areas of Louisiana's coast after the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill and compared the erosion from the spill with coastal changes Hurricane Isaac caused in 2012. A pattern of dramatic, widespread shoreline loss along Louisiana’s coast caused by the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill has been ...

  • Balancing the future of Europe`s coasts — knowledge base for integrated management

    This report has three elements. Firstly, it gives a snapshot of the current state of Europe's coastal regions. Secondly, it assesses the policies used to manage coastal regions, and discusses the proposal for a new European directive to improve the management of coastal regions. Thirdly, it highlights the need for better information and better monitoring tools to help inform this management ...

  • What are the true costs of rising sea levels?

    A simple relationship between sea level rise and the massive potential costs of future coastal flooding has been established by scientists in Germany. As sea levels rise, the damage to human economies rises even faster. And as sea levels rose by an estimated 14cms in the last century, and could rise by up to 130cms ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Impacts of Hurricane Sandy and the climate change connection

    Extreme weather events are on the rise in the United States and globally, with growing and costly disruptions to businesses, people’s livelihoods, and critical infrastructure. Hurricane Sandy is the most recent event to expose the vulnerability of the United States to extreme weather. This fact sheet highlights the historical magnitude of the storm and estimated losses, plus statements by ...

  • Effect of global warming on soil and land resources in Bangladesh

    Bangladesh scientists believe that because of sea level rise coastal Bangladesh has already experienced severe impacts especially in terms of area of inundation and erosion, saline intrusion, deforestation, loss of bio-diversity and agriculture in addition to large scale migration. About 1.02 million hectares of arable land is already affected by varying degrees of salinity, 0.7 million hectares ...

  • Indicators And Methods For The Ecological Status Assessment Under The Water Framework Directive

    The Water Framework Directive (WFD; 2000/60/EC) creates a new legislative framework to manage, use, protect, and restore surface water and groundwater resources within river basins and transitional (Iagoons and estuaries) and coastal waters in the European Union. The WFD aims to achieve sustainable management ofwater resources, to reach good ecological qualityand preventfurtherdeterioration of ...


  • Decision support system for ex ante cost-benefit assessment of new agro-technology in the context of climate change

    Intrusion of saline water and soil salinity is a major threat of climate change to agriculture. Rice is the most important crop affected by salinity in the coastal area of Bangladesh. The objective of this paper is to develop tools for ex ante cost-benefit assessment, with an integration of knowledge of farmers, industry experts and scientists to develop new salinity and drought resistant (SDR) ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • NoiseNews: Something Fishy Going on in British Waters?

    The seas around Britain may be getting too noisy. So noisy in fact that fish species such as cod and haddock are having difficulty communicating with each other. If their chatter is being obscured, it could affect their ability to breed at a time when stock numbers are recovering. It has long been recognised that large marine mammals are susceptible to noise pollution – as ...


    By Cirrus Research plc

  • Modelling chlorophyll-a in Bohai Bay based on hybrid soft computing approach

    Algae bloom has become a serious problem of global concern. Scientists have managed to study it using various mathematical models with different degrees of complexity. However, these conventional modelling approaches are limited due to the complexity of the processes involved, the scarcity of data and spatial heterogeneity. In this study, hybrid soft computing (SC) algorithms, including support ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Expert assessment: Sea-level rise could exceed one meter in this century

    Sea-level rise in this century is likely to be 70-120 centimeters by 2100 if greenhouse-gas emissions are not mitigated, a broad assessment of the most active scientific publishers on that topic has revealed. The 90 experts participating in the survey anticipate a median sea-level rise of 200-300 centimeters by the year 2300 for a scenario with unmitigated emissions. In contrast, for a scenario ...

  • Carlsbad project charts the future of sustainable desalination

    Over the past five years desalination is gaining momentum in California. With more than ten projects in various stages of planning, environmental review, design and construction, brackish and seawater desalination plants are planned to provide 400 MGD to 500 MGD of new drinking water supplies for the state by year 2015. One of the largest and most advanced projects under development today is the ...


    By Poseidon Resources

  • Questions and Answers on innovation in the blue economy

    Why do we need innovation in the blue economy? The blue economy is already vast with over 5 million people employed in blue sectors such as coastal and maritime tourism, shipbuilding and fisheries, and it could grow further and employ 7 million by 2020. But as fresh water and land are running scarce in the face of a growing world population, we will have to turn more and more to our ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • “We continue to be stunned at how rapidly the ocean is warming.”

    Oceans have been absorbing more of global warming’s heat and energy than would normally be expected, helping to slow rates of warming on land. But how long will that last? Probing a blue abyss can be an abysmal recipe for the blues. For every 10 joules of energy that our greenhouse gas pollution traps here on Earth, about 9 of them end up in an ocean. ...


    By Ensia

  • Steering the Policy and Practice in Disaster Risk Reduction

    This September Wetlands International officially joined PEDRR, a global alliance of UN agencies, NGOs and specialist institutes which plays a vital role in steering the policy and practice in disaster risk reduction ...


    By Wetlands International

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