cod cell test Articles

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Filterability assessment in membrane bioreactors using an in-situ filtration test cell

    A new method for the assessment of the filterability in membrane bioreactors was tested for five months in four MBR units in Berlin. The new method BFM (Berlin Filtration Method) for filterability assessment uses a small membrane filtration test cell which can be submerged directly in the biological tanks to determine the filterability of the activated sludge in-situ. The test cell contains an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case Study - Estonian Cell - BCTMP Mill

    Wastewater generated at Estonian Cell The Aspen pulp mill Estonian Cell, part of Heinzel Group, rewarded HydroThane the contract as the technology supplier for their anaerobic treatment after having done extensive piloting in 2011. Since January 2014 the anaerobic treatment has been in operation, earning AS Estonian Cell both national and international recognition as being ...


    By HydroThane STP BV

  • Enhanced stabilisation and methane potential of MSWs in a field-scale landfill with leachate recirculation

    This study was carried out on two field scale test cells constructed at Odayeri Sanitary Landfill (OSL) located at the European side of Istanbul city. Approximately 11,000 tons of municipal solid wastes (MSW) were filled at equal quantities to each cell (C1 and C2). Leachate was periodically recirculated to one (C2) of the test cells in various quantities. These cells are compared in terms of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combination of microalgae cultivation with membrane processes for the treatment of municipal wastewater

    The treatment of wastewater by microalgae cultivation has attracted more and more attention. However, the way to harvest microalgae cells from the wastewater and the treatment of the large quantity of residual solution have become critical issues. In this work, a new approach for the treatment of municipal wastewater is presented. The combination of flocculation for removing mainly microalgae ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A theory of the lifecycle of bacteria

    Aims: The principal objective of this study was to investigate viability kinetics in aerobic AS (Activated Sludge). Methods and Results: A kinetic model was developed in order to predict viable cells, non-degraded dead cells and inert VSS (Volatile Suspended Solids) in a reactor – usually conventional models only predict active biomass and inert VSS. The following processes were considered in ...


  • Nitrification/denitrification in swine wastewater using porous ceramic sticks with plastic rings as supporting media in two-stage fixed-biofilm reactors

    This study evaluated the performance of oxic-anoxic fixed-biofilm reactors (FBRs) using porous ceramic sticks with plastic rings as supporting media for nitrogen and organic carbon (as COD) removal from swine wastewater. Experimental results indicate that the removal efficiency of NH4+-N increased to 86–92% from 52–98% as the volumetric ammonium-nitrogen loading rate increased to 0.25 kg ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simultaneous autotrophic denitrification and nitrification in a low-oxygen reaction environment

    The occurrence of autotrophic denitrification and nitrification activities by ammonia-oxidising bacteria and nitrite-oxidising bacteria is studied in a bioreactor system operable at low-dissolved oxygen (DO) and at variable oxygen influx rates. At a loading of 3.6 mg NH4+–N/h into the bioreactor, simultaneous autotrophic denitrification and nitrification contributed to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ozonation of endogenous residue and active biomass from a synthetic activated sludge

    Coupling the activated sludge and the ozonation processes is an efficient, although expensive, solution for sludge reduction. A better knowledge of the mechanisms involved in the degradation of various sludge fractions by ozone is needed to optimize the coupled process. The objectives of this study were to determine the biodegradability of ozone-solubilized endogenous residue, the action of ozone ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Buy Smarter – what questions should you ask when buying a Spectrophotometer?

    Spectrophotometers are relied on by a wide range of laboratories, for tests ranging from specific parameters, like chlorine or metals concentrations, right through to complex analyses of reaction kinetics. When choosing a spectrophotometer the range of specifications and price is vast, so take the time to list the features you need before you buy and make sure you choose the right one. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Biological Monitoring Tools for Recycling Hazardous Effluents

     Abstract Increasing dependence on chemicals and rapid developments in chemical technology have practically triggered the growth of chemical industries in India. Globally, Basel convention guidelines are available for transboundary movement of hazardous wastes. However, at the national levels, health damage, resources losses and ecological impairment due to hazardous wastes indiscriminate ...


  • Case study – frozen food applications

    Introduction Clean Water Technology Inc. (CWT), the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM) System, offers the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System provides superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), fats, oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity and at the same time provides complete expandability in terms ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Good intentions may result in bad health

    President Obama’s stimulus investments in home energy efficiency may have the unintended consequence of increasing future medical costs. The stimulus bill contains $1500 tax credits for homeowners who install energy efficient doors, windows, and/or insulation. Studies in both the United States and England have shown that these home upgrades can reduce air infiltration by 50% in older homes, and ...


    By Tox Free Inc.

  • Biological Wastewater Treatment

    Untitled Document The use of microorganisms to remove contaminants from wastewater is effective and widespread. To choose the right system from the many options offered, ...


  • Mixed MSW composting is steady as she goes

    Two new facilities came on line in 2006, while one ceased operation and a second is shifting to a new technology. Annual survey identifies a total of 14 plants. Part I STEADY-STATE may be the best phrase to describe the status of facilities composting mixed municipal solid waste in the United States. In fact, steady-state may be the best phrase to describe solid waste composting in general since ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Taming taste and odor (T & O) problems in a water treatment plant

    Taming Taste & Odor (T&O) Problems Some taste and odors are caused by mineral constituents in the water, e.g. excess chlorine and hydrogen sulfide. However the majority of taste and odor are the result of biologic activity. Spring turnover of lakes and algal blooms are responsible for Blue-green algae (Cyanobacterium), Green algae and diatoms that introduce filter clogging organisms ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

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