collecting surface sample Articles

  • Determination of uranium concentration in surface soil samples of Iran

    The use of uranium-tipped antitank shells during the Iraq war (2003) caused serious concerns in Iran and the international media over possible contamination of the Iranian environment and consequent long-term health effects. After a shell explosion, uranium is discharged by fire into the air in the form of oxidised particles, which can be dispersed over a radius of several kilometres. Gamma ray ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Specifics on Surface area

    Surface area is an important property of solids with many industrial applications. Particle size is less influential on surface area than particle shape, texture, and porosity. Surface area calculated from particle size data should never be used independently. Isotherms are developed for materials to determine their behavior during gas adsorption under very cold temperatures. Characteristic ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • Selecting an Air Sampler for Bioaerosol Collection

    Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) investigators should select cost effective, efficient and the highest quality samplingequipment for evaluation of indoor environments. Particle impaction onto an adhesive surface (non-viable) or into culture media (viable) are the most widely used techniques to evaluate the presence and levels of airborne bioaerosols, particularly in non-industrial indoor environments. ...

  • Progress Soil Sampling Results Collected from Phase 1 at SRSNE Superfund Site in Southington, Connecticut

    TerraTherm has recently completed its final progress soil sampling effort of Phase 1 at the Solvents Recovery Service of New England, Inc. (SRSNE) Superfund site in Southington, Connecticut. The site's total target treatment zone covers an area of approximately 74,195 square feet and an approximate volume of 47,298 cubic yards; with Phase 1 and Phase 2 each comprising approximately half the ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • Enteric viruses in surface water and sediment samples from the catchment area of Peri Lagoon, Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    This paper aims to quantify human adenovirus (HAdV), rotavirus species A (RVA), and hepatitis A virus (HAV) in surface water and sediments and to determine the viability of HAdV in these samples. Water and sediment samples were collected, and HAdV, RVA, and HAV were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR); HAdV was also evaluated for infectivity by a plaque assay (PA). For the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ambient Air Sampling Methods

    Pollutants are nothing but any substance that may present in an atmosphere in such a concentration that it may harmful to surrounding, living organism or human being. Sampling and analysis of air pollutants is known as Air quality monitoring and it is major part of environmental monitoring. There are many advanced types of ambient air Sampling methods. we will learn here only which are most ...


    By Perfect Pollucon Services

  • Sampling moisture in the soil profile

    Patterns of water replenishment and use give rise to large spatial variations in soil moisture over the depth of the soil profile. Accurate measurements of profile water content are therefore the basis of any water budget study. When monitored accurately, profile measurements show the rates of water use, amounts of deep percolation, and amounts of water stored for plant use.Experimental ...


    By METER Group, Inc.

  • Surface and Rainwater Chemistry in Sri Lanka - A Risk of Acidification

    Abstract: Chemical constituents of surface and rain water in Sri Lanka were analysed to examine the susceptibility of aquatic environment for episodic acidification. The buffer intensity of different types of surface water ranged from 8.09 ± 4.61 × 10^{-4} to 55.05 ± 21.18 × 10^{-4} moles l^{-1} pH^{-1}. The pH values of the rainwater samples collected island-wide once and at Kandy on a regular ...


  • Introducing surface sampling threshold factor for suspended sediment transport: model development using Sri Lankan tropical highland river basins

    Estimation of suspended sediment concentration (SSC) in rivers is a prerequisite to address many issues related to hydrology. Therefore, we make an attempt in this study to introduce a low-cost technique to estimate the SSC. Both surface and depth-and-width-integrated water samples were collected and measured for SSC from eight tributaries in Sri Lanka over a complete hydrological year. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dust collection dilemma: ostrich egg dust

    Rick Peil from the Toolking Superstore was presented with an interesting dust collection dilemma. Tamera Seevers creates unique fine art out of ostrich eggs (www.tameraseeversstudio.com). Carving and finishing the ostrich eggs takes up to three months and creates a very fine, ostrich egg dust. Her problem was with her 1-micron bag on the dust collection system, the dust was still escaping into ...


    By American Fabric Filter Co

  • A New Way to Locate Seeps Into Surface Waters

    How can we determine where groundwater is seeping into rivers and bays?  Knowing seep locations can help with selecting sampling locations, identifying contaminant sources, determining whether contamination is historic or on-going, and designing remediation.  Historically, methods for locating seeps have been limited.  Due to cost, sampling can only be done at a few ...


    By SelkerMetrics

  • Influence of Copper Mine on Surface Water Quality

    Aras water basin is located in northwest of Iran. Sungun mine which is the largest open-cast copper mine of Iran is located in this region and is in the primary stages of extraction. The influence of mining activity on the quality of regional surface water has been taken in to consideration in this study. Accordingly, sampling was done from 5 local streams in the study area. In order to consider ...

  • Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface water

    A total of 96 surface water samples collected from river Ganga in West Bengal during 2004-05 was analyzed for pH, EC, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb and Ni. The pH was found in the alkaline range (7.21-8.32), while conductance was obtained in the range of 0.225-0.615 mmhos/cm. Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, Cr and Pb were detected in more than 92% of the samples in the range of 0.025-5.49, 0.025-2.72, 0.012-0.370, ...

  • Occurrence of heavy metals and contaminants on the surface of adjacent rivers

    Water is fundamental to the survival of living beings. It registers every impact and can function as an indicator of environmental stressors. Our objective in the current study was to assess the sanitary conditions of the waters in the Açude, Maria Lucinda and Santa Rosa streams. This was done by checking pH, running quantitative analyses of heavy metals and testing for total coliforms. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sample extraction kit user’s guide

    Intended Use This extraction kit is for use with the appropriate immunoassay test kit. Each Sample Extraction kit contains the materials necessary to process twelve (12) soil or wipe samples. Test Principles The reagents contained in the Sample Extraction kit have been optimized for fast, efficient removal of compounds from soil or surfaces and convenient ...


  • Surface Ocean Acidification studies using Ships Of Opportunity

    Ships of Opportunity Ships of opportunity (SOOP) are used as a platform for cost-efficient collection of environmental data, Ferrybox. The SOOP network operated by NIVA cover the majority of the Norwegian coastline (from Germany (54N ) in the South to Svalbard (78N) in the North. This network is used in the national OA monitoring program. Globally, SOOPs are used for pCO2 measurements and ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Case study - Sheet metal fabrication & surface wipe analysis

    A manufacturing company uses cutting oils to produce sheet metal to assemble elevators. The metal must be cleaned after production. Wipe samples were collected by the client and sent to Sitelab to monitor and adjust a new cleaning system ...


    By Sitelab Corporation

  • Spatial pattern analysis for water quality in free-surface constructed wetland

    Free-surface constructed wetlands are known as a low-energy green technique to highly decrease a wide range of pollutants in wastewater and stormwater before discharge into natural water. In this study, two spatial analyses, principal factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis (HACA), were employed to interpret the effect of wetland on the water quality variables (WQVs) and to classify ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ITRC technology overview of passive sampling technologies

    This document presents technical overviews of 12 passive sampling technologies. It describes each technology’s basis of operation, intended applications, advantages, limitations, and development status. Contacts for additional information are provided. This overview is an outgrowth of interest and information generated in preparation of the ITRC Technical and Regulatory Guidance for Using ...


    By EON Products Inc.

  • Groundwater/surface water interactions along the Curtiss reach of the San Pedro River.

    A reach of the San Pedro River flows east of the Apache Powder Superfund Site and west of the Town of St. David in Cochise County, Arizona. As a result of the remedial investigations associated with the Superfund Site, this reach has been surveyed extensively since the mid-1980’s from approximately the Escalante Crossing to the Pomerene Diversion. In particular, the section downstream from ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

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