combustion analysis software Articles

  • Wind Energy Production Estimates: Moving Beyond Time Averages

    No need to be a statistician to see that averages are often useful to compare different things. And yet, they often fall short as a true measure of performance. For instance, we use averages to compare the current weather against the climate normals or to get a sense of how our favorite sport team or player is doing. Team (player) statistics are a concise way of combining the scores from many ...


    By AWS Truepower, LLC

  • Two-Stage Combustion of High-PVC Solid Waste With HCL Recovery

    Untitled Document Abstract A waste-to-energy process based on high-PVC solid wastes is discussed. The basis is that at 200-400°C the PVC fraction decomposes ...

  • FTIR gas analysis improves container safety

    Introduction Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20% of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace. It ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • The impacts of technological learning on the optimum technology mix: simulations for the Indian power sector

    For the investigation of the optimum technology mix of any country, which is clearly an issue of dynamic nature, technological learning and economies of scale play a significant role. Hence, in this paper's long term planning exercise for the Indian power sector (2000-2025), our simulation analysis specifically includes the impacts of technological learning on the optimal inter-temporal choice of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Controlling Pharmaceutical Coating & Drying Process Emissions

    Capturing and destroying harmful emissions from pharmaceutical processes can be challenging. It’s not because the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are difficult to destroy using catalytic or thermal techniques. It’s because their concentrations can be so high. These process streams raise safety concerns, both when they’re collected in vents and when they reach the final ...

  • Benefits of HART Communication-Enabled Gas and Flame Detectors

    Catastrophic results can occur when a fire or a flammable/toxic gas release goes undetected in any petrochemical facility. For early warning and prompt hazard mitigation, flame detectors and gas detectors are essential tools. Clear, usable, diagnostic information from these detection instruments is extremely valuable in ensuring the devices are properly maintained, tested, and poised to protect ...

  • New NO2 air standards prove technically challenging

    On February 9, 2010, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established a new National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for nitrogen dioxide (NO2). The new NO2 NAAQS is a one-hour standard set at 100 parts per billion (ppb), which is approximately 188 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3). Effective on April 12, 2010, the new one-hour standard is intended to protect against peak ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Measuring diversion, recycling progress

    ONE OF the first sessions at the 23rd Annual BioCycle West Coast Conference next month in San Diego is titled “Documenting Waste Diversion.” When the State of California adopted its AB 939 recycling law in 1989, it established a 50 percent waste diversion goal by 2000. Jurisdictions failing to meet that goal would be subject to fines. A number of other states adopted diversion or recycling goals ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Smart LDAR — more cost-effective?

    On December 19, 2008, EPA issued a final rule establishing a voluntary Alternative Work Practice (AWP) to detect leaks of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from process equipment (FR Vol. 73, Number 246), thereby providing the regulated community additional flexibility in complying with leak detection and repair (LDAR) requirements. The AWP allows owners or ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • New air quality rules challenge oil & natural gas industry

    EPA Administrator signed a suite of proposed new air regulations affecting both the Production/Processing and Transmission/Storage sectors of the oil and natural gas industry. The proposed rules mandate the use of emission controls as well as work practices through two different air regulatory programs – New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and National Emissions Standards for Hazardous ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Counting the costs of chemical incidents

    The consequences of a lack of control when using chemical substances in the workplace are well known and apparent.  Any health and safety expert can tell you of at least one major accident whereby poor chemical management policies and procedures have lead to disaster.  Examples include Bhopal, Grangemouth, Flixborough, Seveso and more recently, Buncefield.  Major accidents like ...

  • Stocking Your Green Building Toolkit

    1. Introduction Designing, constructing and operating environmentally friendly buildings can be a lot more complex than it seems, especially when it comes to materials selection. We would all like simple measures or rules of thumb that would make the selection process easy, but they are hard to come by, if they exist at all. The reality is that we are constantly forced into a balancing act, ...

  • Trelleborg Harbour Marine helps moor vessels safely at LNG terminals

    Trelleborg Harbour Marine helps moor vessels safely at LNG terminalsSafety is the priority at LNG terminals, which are growing in number inline with an increased demand for the fuel. Like many fuels, LNG is potentially hazardous and to help reduce the possibility of an incident during berthing or when a vessel is alongside a jetty, integrated mooring systems are becoming standard specification. ...


  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • The tailoring of greenhouse gases to the clean air act – challenges for PSD and title v permitting ahead?

    In anticipation of the promulgation of Clean Air Act (CAA) regulations to control greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, EPA published the proposed PSD and Title V GHG Tailoring Rule. The proposed GHG Tailoring Rule was published in the Federal Register on October 27, 2009 and has a 60-day public comment period; thus comments are due by December 28, 2009. The proposed GHG Tailoring Rule attempts to ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Approximated EU GHG inventory: proxy GHG estimates for 2014

    Objective of the report This report provides estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the European Union (EU) and its Member States for the year 2014, covering the full GHG inventory (all sectors, except land use, landuse change and forestry (LULUCF), and all gases). These estimates are also referred to as approximated ('proxy') estimates or inventories in this report as they cover ...

  • Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990–2013 and inventory report 2015 - Submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat

    ES.1 Background information on greenhouse gas inventories and climate change The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years 1990 to t-2 for emissions and removals within the area covered by its Member States (i.e. domestic emissions taking place within its ...

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