combustion analysis system Articles

  • Decomposition analysis of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in selected countries

    This article introduces an approach applicable to analysing different factors influencing elements relevant in sustainable development like environmental impacts. The approach is built on the idea of IPAT identity and it applies a chained two-factor decomposition technique for calculating numerical estimates for a larger set of contributing factors than traditionally done in applying ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • High temperature combustion of landfill gas

    Type     Compact plant HOFGAS® - Efficiency 250 Commissioning     December 2001 Site     Storkohmo landfill, Kokkola (FIN) Situation Storkohmo landfill is located 400km north of Helsinki on Finland's west coast near the city of Kokkola. Based on local legislation requirements ( reduction of green house gas emissions ) the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Two-Stage Combustion of High-PVC Solid Waste With HCL Recovery

    Untitled Document Abstract A waste-to-energy process based on high-PVC solid wastes is discussed. The basis is that at 200-400°C the PVC fraction decomposes ...

  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

  • Modeling Analysis of Fuel Sprays

    Current engine development processes in which computations play an important role have sought for numerical models which can accurately represent phenomena in spray combustion. The authors have developed original sub-models taking into account the effects of extensive spray combustion phenomena including nozzle cavitation, droplet breakup behavior, multi-component evaporation process, spray-wall ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Exergy analysis of a turbofan aircraft engine

    An exergy analysis is reported for a General Electric turbofan engine (the CF6-80) using sea-level data. The effects on exergy efficiencies and exergy destructions are investigated of modifying the isentropic efficiencies of turbomachinery components. The most irreversible units in the system are found to be the fan and the core engine exhaust, with exergy loss rates of 47.3 MW and 35.9 MW, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of hydrogen supplementation on the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a natural gas fuelled S.I. engine

    This article represents the results of a single cylinder engine using specially designed electronically actuated fuel injection system fuelled with neat CNG, and mixtures of hydrogen in natural gas (HCNG) of 5, 10, 15 and 20% by energy. Experiments were conducted with wide open throttle and varying the equivalence ratio. Hydrogen which has fast burning rate, when added to compressed natural gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Feasibility analysis for biomass in cities, counties and facilities

    The commercial waste industry includes all those who collect waste from the simplest “collect waste and transport to a landfill” to the more complex “collect waste and process into re-usable components and energy.” This article will cover how we can collect material and fuel a clean energy system for our immediate future, while saving clean water and air. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Online analysis of TOC, TNb, TP, and COD in water

    The control of waste water treatment plants is of special importance - from an ecological as well as economic point of view. The most common water parameters for controlling and optimization are the total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen bound ( ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Magnetic Fuel Treatment Bottom Line Analysis

    BOTTOM LINE ANALYSIS This cost savings analysis was prepared in cooperation with Master Chief Hill of the US Coast Guard Maintenance & Logistics Command using data from the 82’ Cutter Pt. Chico, and 110’ Cutters Anacapa and Long Island over a period of two years when ALGAE-X® performance was monitored and evaluated. Installation of ALGAE-X® units in Diesel Engine applications results in ...


    By AXI International

  • New gas calibration method eases TOC analysis

    LAR Process Analysers AG of Berlin,  Germany expanded the range of feaiures of its measuring device QuickTOC, which facilitates the monitoring of ultra pure and cooling water, boiler feed and condensate measurement, and industrial wastewaters. For many years, the Berlin company lias been developing, high quality measuring devices and processes for the TOC analysis of condensates and boiler ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • A quick guide to oil analysis for engine test applications

    Reliability testing is a very important component of new engine development. Engineers need to fully understand and chart the engine lifetime performance under a variety of conditions before mass production may be considered. Many important performance data parameters are collected in real time through the many different types of sensors that are connected to the engine in the test cell and oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Exergy analysis of a steam power plant: a case study in Iran

    In the last decades, exergy analysis, based on the second law of thermodynamics was a method that substituted the energy analysis in studying thermodynamic systems. In this paper, the cycle of a power plant and its details, with two kinds of fuels, natural gas and diesel, have been analysed at its maximum load and the two factors, losses and exergy efficiency, which are the basic factors used to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trace Analysis of PAHs using EPA methods 3541, 3545 and 8100

    The Extraction System B-811 and the Syncore Analyst parallel concentrator from Buchi as well as the Pressurized Solvent Extractor from Applied Separations were evaluated for the pretreatment of samples containing PAHs. Recoveries of extraction and subsequent concentration using acetone-n-hexane (1+1) were 70-95% for 2 ring and 90-100% for less volatile 3-5 ring PAHs. A good precision (95% ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • The Pitfalls of Process TOC analysis and how to avoid them case study

    Since the introduction of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Analyzers by Dow, Union Carbide and Automated Environmental Systems in thel960,s,l-5\ they have proven to be an invaluable tool in the environmental and process monitoring fields. While technologies have advanced since then, certain performance characteristics required for true process control have been notably absent. The purpose of this paper ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Analysis of national responses under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive in 2015

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the application of the EU ETS Directive The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments that has been implemented in the European Union (EU) to achieve its objectives of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a cost-effective manner. The EU ETS covers certain activities that emit carbon dioxide ...

  • A comparison of two solid phase extraction methods for the analysis of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons in butter

    Background Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous in the environment, resulting from both natural and manmade sources of combustion. Farm animals, such as cows, can become exposed to them through both consumption of contaminated feed and water, and inhalation of contaminated atmosphere ...


    By MilliporeSigma

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