combustion gas analysis Articles

  • High temperature combustion of landfill gas

    Type     Compact plant HOFGAS® - Efficiency 250 Commissioning     December 2001 Site     Storkohmo landfill, Kokkola (FIN) Situation Storkohmo landfill is located 400km north of Helsinki on Finland's west coast near the city of Kokkola. Based on local legislation requirements ( reduction of green house gas emissions ) the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • The Goldilocks of Combustion Solutions

    It’s not too big, it’s not too small… It’s just right! We hear it all the time from our customers: “The ABUTEC 200 is too small for our site, but the HTF is too large. Can you create a custom unit?” The answer sometimes surprises those customers. While yes, we can certainly develop a custom unit just for your site, a more efficient (and cost-effective) ...


    By ABUTEC LLC

  • Improving steam power plant efficiency through exergy analysis: effects of altering excess combustion air and stack-gas temperature

    Modifications are examined to increase coal-fired steam power plant efficiency by reducing irreversibilities in the steam generator, including decreasing the fraction of excess combustion air, and/or the stack-gas temperature. Overall-plant energy and exergy efficiencies both increase by 1.4% when the fraction of excess combustion air decreases from 0.4 to 0.15, and by 3.5% when the stack-gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

  • Exergy analysis of natural gas/DME combustion in homogeneous charge compression ignition engines (HCCI) using zero–dimensional model with detailed chemical kinetics mechanism

    In the present work, a single zone combustion model with detailed chemical kinetics is developed to study the effect of dimethyl ether (DME) concentration on the combustion of natural gas from second law point of view in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine. The code can predict all exergy terms in the cylinder with crank angle during a closed cycle. The chemical kinetics ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling and simulation with experimental verification of hydrogen-diesel dual-fuel premixed combustion and emission analysis

    This paper deals with an application of advanced simulation methods to the modelling of Duel-Fuelled engines (Hydrogen/Diesel) in which the premixed Hydrogen gas is ignited by the combustion flame initiated by a diesel spray. The model consists of a diesel auto-ignition model and a modified combustion model. The influence of main engine parameters i.e., injection advance, and various percentages ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of the steam-injected gas turbine

    In this paper, the effect of steam injection in the combustion chamber on the exergy efficiency of a gas turbine was investigated. Cycle exergy efficiency, net power output and exergy destruction have been calculated for different mass flow rates and temperature of the injected steam. The range of variation of the mass flow rate was between 0 and 5.24% of the design air flow rate, and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FTIR gas analysis improves container safety

    Introduction Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20% of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace. It ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Effect of hydrogen supplementation on the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a natural gas fuelled S.I. engine

    This article represents the results of a single cylinder engine using specially designed electronically actuated fuel injection system fuelled with neat CNG, and mixtures of hydrogen in natural gas (HCNG) of 5, 10, 15 and 20% by energy. Experiments were conducted with wide open throttle and varying the equivalence ratio. Hydrogen which has fast burning rate, when added to compressed natural gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • New gas calibration method eases TOC analysis

    LAR Process Analysers AG of Berlin,  Germany expanded the range of feaiures of its measuring device QuickTOC, which facilitates the monitoring of ultra pure and cooling water, boiler feed and condensate measurement, and industrial wastewaters. For many years, the Berlin company lias been developing, high quality measuring devices and processes for the TOC analysis of condensates and boiler ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Gas cell selection for analysis of electronic gases

    APIMS and FTIR remain the preferred analytical tools for monitoring impurities in the electronic  specialty gases used by the semiconductor industry, although other tools such as CRDS are currently finding application in selected cases. FTIR spectroscopy offers the advantage of the simultaneous measurement of all gaseous species that exhibit dipole moment changes during vibrations at ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Two-Stage Combustion of High-PVC Solid Waste With HCL Recovery

    Untitled Document Abstract A waste-to-energy process based on high-PVC solid wastes is discussed. The basis is that at 200-400°C the PVC fraction decomposes ...

  • Modeling Analysis of Fuel Sprays

    Current engine development processes in which computations play an important role have sought for numerical models which can accurately represent phenomena in spray combustion. The authors have developed original sub-models taking into account the effects of extensive spray combustion phenomena including nozzle cavitation, droplet breakup behavior, multi-component evaporation process, spray-wall ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Gas-to-energy plant; production of electricity with landfill gas

    Type      Degassing installation HOFGAS®- Ready 600 Commissioning      January 2002 Site      Landfill of Bovenfeld (NL) Situation The 9ha large landfill site Bovenfeld is located 150km northeast of Amsterdam. The resulting landfill gas has to be cleaned, in accordance with the local legislation. A degassing ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Exergy analysis of gas turbine – solid oxide fuel cell–based combined cycle power plant

    Fuel cell technology is one of the promising systems for cleaner and competitive alternate power generation systems. When the high temperature fuel cells like solid oxide fuel cell and molten carbon fuel cell are integrated with the gas turbines, the total thermal efficiency of the combined cycle can be obtained greater than 60%. In the present work, thermodynamic analysis of SOFC–GT combined ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sensitivity analysis and thermo-economic optimisation of Steam Injected Gas Turbine cycle design parameters

    The purpose of the present work is to apply thermo-economic concepts to a Steam Injected Gas Turbine (STIG) electricity generation system and optimise it to indicate its economical advantages over a simple gas turbine. The system incorporates a combustion chamber, gas turbine, a compressor and a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG). A detailed sensitivity analysis was also performed to examine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analytik Jena AG: State of the Art - Fully Automated and Matrix-Optimized Gas Analysis with multi EA 5000

    The analysis of gaseous matrices is still a real challenge. No matrix type is as versatile in its behavior and the requirements for sample feed and combustion process. This makes it difficult to gain quick, precise, and reliable results. Thanks to the outstanding flexibility of the application-optimized gas sampling systems, the elemental analyzer multi EA 5000 can analyze liquefied gases (LPG), ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

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