combustive air Articles

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • Reduced Emissions for Landfill Gas Installations

    The use of landfill gas as a source of renewable energy is increasing. For environmental and safety reasons, the owners of the waste storage sites have to strictly monitor and control the construction, operations, and emissions generated. Sulzer offers solutions to control these emissions within the limits given by the government. Landfill gas is similar to natural gas, but it is created by ...


    By Sulzer

  • Case study - Procurement and installation of a Biogas desulphurization unit at the Chania WWTP

    A proposal based on Bioconservacion’s technology was selected as the winning bid in the public tender released in 2015, covering the design, procurement and construction of a biogas desulfurizing unit to be installed in the waste water treatment plant in Chania, Greece. With a population over 100,000, Chania is the second largest municipality in the Greek island of Crete. Its waste water ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • How To Handle Chemical Spills & Cleanups

    FAST-ACT is designed for liquid and vapor chemical releases, but the chemicals it attacks does not need to be limited to what we traditionally think of as a chemical spill. Toxic and noxious chemicals can come from a variety of sources such as waste water, decomposition, household chemicals, and animals. Since FAST-ACT can be applied to liquid spill or vapor release enabling Emergency Responders ...


    By Fast-ACT

  • Learn How to Implement a More Effective Emissions Monitoring Strategy with Our Application Note, “The Art of Emissions Monitoring and Sampling: Maintaining Gas Integrity”

    Over the past 15 years, all of us here at E Instruments have used our expertise to design, manufacture, and distribute quality emissions monitoring equipment, air quality monitors, and many other products to clients all over the world. Aside from creating many high-quality and reliable instrumentation solutions, something else we've always ...

  • Redundant combustion plant for Novartis

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2200/1500/60/180 Commissioning     2004 Site     Novartis (Basel, CH) Situation In order to prevent production failure due to missing redundancy in the flue gas clean up, Novartis required an additional system. During different production processes exhaust air load with organic components is formed. ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Low emission combustion of Oilgas

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2300/150 Commissioning     June 2001 Site     Cistierna (ES) Situation Enervisa SA in Cistierna own a plant for the recycling of old oils. The oil is evaporated and condensed into high-grade fuel. The reclaimed fuel is used in diesel engines for production of electricity as well as in burners for the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Wind Energy Production Estimates: Moving Beyond Time Averages

    No need to be a statistician to see that averages are often useful to compare different things. And yet, they often fall short as a true measure of performance. For instance, we use averages to compare the current weather against the climate normals or to get a sense of how our favorite sport team or player is doing. Team (player) statistics are a concise way of combining the scores from many ...


    By AWS Truepower, LLC

  • Understanding the dangers of combustible dust

    Paper shredding is growing into a big business. Recycling and the green movement certainly planted the seeds, but regulators have added the fertilizer. Industry-changing laws have been passed to govern document security in accounting, healthcare and banking, and shredders of many varieties are becoming the tools of those trades.Five or six years ago Warde Comeaux knew only a few people who ...

  • High Temperature Combustion of Biogas

    High Temperature Combustion of Biogas Efficient combustion of biogas Controlled and concealed combustion Combustion temperature > 900°C Residence time more than 0.3 s Insulated combustion chamber High safety standard The HOFGAS® - IFL4c high temperature flare provides safe and environmentally-friendly combustion of biogas. The exhaust gas ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • A structural decomposition analysis of air pollution from fossil fuel combustion in India

    During the last decade, there has been worldwide concern with global climate change, which has been induced by greenhouse gases (GHGs) due to the use of fossil fuels. The CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion have been identified as the single most significant source of GHG emissions into the atmosphere. Realising the need to control and regulate emissions of pollutants, the objective ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution from electricity-generating large combustion plants

    The study was initiated in the context of the review of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. This report presents the results of a study that assesses the theoretical potential to reduce air emissions of SO2 and NOX that might have occurred had the best available techniques (BAT) and associated emission levels (AELs), as described in the large combustion plant ...

  • Effects of combustion efficiency on an Otto cycle

    This paper explains how the combustion efficiency influence the performance of an irreversible Otto cycle under conditions of varying fuel-air ratio. The irreversibility of Otto cycle comes exclusively from the expansion and compression processes. It is assumed that some fraction of the fuel's chemical energy cannot be fully released inside the engine because of incomplete combustion. Amount of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combustion Of Heavy Fuels And Liquid Wastes

    This paper describes the design and operating conditions of liquid and gas combustors for heavy fuels and liquid wastes. Lower fuel prices can be achieved by switching from light oil to heavy ones, or combining with unconventional waste fuels. Unconventional waste fuels such as energetic off gases and organic liquid waste require especially designed combustion equipment like a special combustor ...

  • Dispersion modelling of toxic air pollutants from fossil fuel combustion facilities

    The emissions of toxic air pollutants from three power plants and one oil refinery were measured for a period of six months and dispersion of pollutants were calculated by using Air Dispersion Modelling Software (ADMS–4). The plume concentration of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, sulphur dioxide and particulate matter were calculated over long distances to estimate the incremental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Size reduction of substitute combustibles (RDF)

    The new pilot installation of SITA Wiebe GmbH, Bielefeld/Germany, processes highly calorific commercial and industrial waste to become quality-assured substitute combustibles for cement industry and/or power plants. Basic items of this ultra-modern processing installation are two one-shaft size reduction machines of type WLK 30 Super-Jumbo of WEIMA Maschinenbau GmbH, Ilsfeld. The total output of ...


  • Combustible Dust: It Doesn’t Take Much

    A dust accumulation of 1/32 of an inch deep—about the thickness of a dime—covering just five percent of a room’s surface area doesn’t sound like much, but it’s enough to cause a catastrophic explosion, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Although good engineering and safety practices to prevent dust explosions have existed for decades, there ...


    By SafetySmart

  • Investigation on the spontaneous combustion of refuse-derived fuels

    Refuse-derived fuel (RDF), a high-caloric material, is used by various combustion processes, such as power plants, as alternative fuel. Several explosion accidents, however, possibly initiated by the spontaneous combustion of stored RDF, have been reported in Japan. Therefore the spontaneous combustion of RDF prepared from domestic garbage was investigated using chemiluminescence. RDF samples ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Some theoretical fundamentals of catalytic fuel combustion

    In the following paper, the special features of catalytic combustion, which are distinct from the developed theory of flame combustion are considered. They are connected with the properties and characteristics of catalysts, the developed surface for reaction and the comparatively low catalysts' temperatures. They determine the rate of catalytic reaction and the corresponding three main regions of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combustion strategies for PFI hydrogen IC engines

    Hydrogen is a very interesting fuel when it comes to load control. The high flame speeds of hydrogen mixtures and its wide flammability limits permit very lean operation. Where possible, Wide Open Throttle (WOT) operation is used, which regulates the load with the mixture richness (qualitative control) instead of using volumetric regulation (quantitative control) and, thus, avoiding pumping ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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