combustive air Articles

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Redundant combustion plant for Novartis

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2200/1500/60/180 Commissioning     2004 Site     Novartis (Basel, CH) Situation In order to prevent production failure due to missing redundancy in the flue gas clean up, Novartis required an additional system. During different production processes exhaust air load with organic components is formed. ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Low emission combustion of Oilgas

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2300/150 Commissioning     June 2001 Site     Cistierna (ES) Situation Enervisa SA in Cistierna own a plant for the recycling of old oils. The oil is evaporated and condensed into high-grade fuel. The reclaimed fuel is used in diesel engines for production of electricity as well as in burners for the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Understanding the dangers of combustible dust

    Paper shredding is growing into a big business. Recycling and the green movement certainly planted the seeds, but regulators have added the fertilizer. Industry-changing laws have been passed to govern document security in accounting, healthcare and banking, and shredders of many varieties are becoming the tools of those trades.Five or six years ago Warde Comeaux knew only a few people who ...

  • High Temperature Combustion of Biogas

    High Temperature Combustion of Biogas Efficient combustion of biogas Controlled and concealed combustion Combustion temperature > 900°C Residence time more than 0.3 s Insulated combustion chamber High safety standard The HOFGAS® - IFL4c high temperature flare provides safe and environmentally-friendly combustion of biogas. The exhaust gas ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Effects of combustion efficiency on an Otto cycle

    This paper explains how the combustion efficiency influence the performance of an irreversible Otto cycle under conditions of varying fuel-air ratio. The irreversibility of Otto cycle comes exclusively from the expansion and compression processes. It is assumed that some fraction of the fuel's chemical energy cannot be fully released inside the engine because of incomplete combustion. Amount of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A structural decomposition analysis of air pollution from fossil fuel combustion in India

    During the last decade, there has been worldwide concern with global climate change, which has been induced by greenhouse gases (GHGs) due to the use of fossil fuels. The CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion have been identified as the single most significant source of GHG emissions into the atmosphere. Realising the need to control and regulate emissions of pollutants, the objective ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution from electricity-generating large combustion plants

    The study was initiated in the context of the review of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. This report presents the results of a study that assesses the theoretical potential to reduce air emissions of SO2 and NOX that might have occurred had the best available techniques (BAT) and associated emission levels (AELs), as described in the large combustion plant ...

  • Combustion Of Heavy Fuels And Liquid Wastes

    This paper describes the design and operating conditions of liquid and gas combustors for heavy fuels and liquid wastes. Lower fuel prices can be achieved by switching from light oil to heavy ones, or combining with unconventional waste fuels. Unconventional waste fuels such as energetic off gases and organic liquid waste require especially designed combustion equipment like a special combustor ...

  • Dispersion modelling of toxic air pollutants from fossil fuel combustion facilities

    The emissions of toxic air pollutants from three power plants and one oil refinery were measured for a period of six months and dispersion of pollutants were calculated by using Air Dispersion Modelling Software (ADMS–4). The plume concentration of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, sulphur dioxide and particulate matter were calculated over long distances to estimate the incremental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Size reduction of substitute combustibles (RDF)

    The new pilot installation of SITA Wiebe GmbH, Bielefeld/Germany, processes highly calorific commercial and industrial waste to become quality-assured substitute combustibles for cement industry and/or power plants. Basic items of this ultra-modern processing installation are two one-shaft size reduction machines of type WLK 30 Super-Jumbo of WEIMA Maschinenbau GmbH, Ilsfeld. The total output of ...


  • Combustible Dust: It Doesn’t Take Much

    A dust accumulation of 1/32 of an inch deep—about the thickness of a dime—covering just five percent of a room’s surface area doesn’t sound like much, but it’s enough to cause a catastrophic explosion, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Although good engineering and safety practices to prevent dust explosions have existed for decades, there ...


    By SafetySmart

  • Investigation on the spontaneous combustion of refuse-derived fuels

    Refuse-derived fuel (RDF), a high-caloric material, is used by various combustion processes, such as power plants, as alternative fuel. Several explosion accidents, however, possibly initiated by the spontaneous combustion of stored RDF, have been reported in Japan. Therefore the spontaneous combustion of RDF prepared from domestic garbage was investigated using chemiluminescence. RDF samples ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • AMETEK THERMOX Introduces the WDG-V Combustion Analyzer

    Abstract AMETEK THERMOX Introduces the 5th Generation THERMOX Combustion Gas Analyzer in a CONTROL Magazine Exclusive. WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as well as CO and methane levels.  Information from the Gas Analyzer allows operators to obtain the highest ...

  • Some theoretical fundamentals of catalytic fuel combustion

    In the following paper, the special features of catalytic combustion, which are distinct from the developed theory of flame combustion are considered. They are connected with the properties and characteristics of catalysts, the developed surface for reaction and the comparatively low catalysts' temperatures. They determine the rate of catalytic reaction and the corresponding three main regions of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combustion strategies for PFI hydrogen IC engines

    Hydrogen is a very interesting fuel when it comes to load control. The high flame speeds of hydrogen mixtures and its wide flammability limits permit very lean operation. Where possible, Wide Open Throttle (WOT) operation is used, which regulates the load with the mixture richness (qualitative control) instead of using volumetric regulation (quantitative control) and, thus, avoiding pumping ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • The combustion of oil sand beds containing an axial fracture

    The processes within simplified laboratory cylindrical beds of specially reconstituted oil sand during oil recovery are described. The beds contained a small diameter cylindrical axial passage of high permeability representing a fracture where hot vitiated air of known composition was fed steadily. The fuel sand cores tested contained either pure hydrocarbon or extracted oil off naturally ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S. EPA Promulgates Final Air Toxics Standards for Compression Ignition Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE)

    On March 3, 2010, U.S. EPA promulgated final National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for existing compression ignition (CI) stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) that were not previously regulated by the existing, so called, RICE MACT (i.e., 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart ZZZZ).  The RICE MACT rule was originally promulgated in 2004.  The March ...


    By All4 Inc.

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