commercial reverse osmosis Articles

  • Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis Devices, Dubai UAE

    INTRODUCTION In August 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured brackish water reverse osmosis devices to a major company in Dubai, UAE to treat well water. There were four BW-1.5K-140 systems each designed to produce 1,500 GPD at a feed water TDS of a maximum 5,000 ppm, it was selected from our ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Rapid novel test for the determination of biofouling potential on reverse osmosis membranes

    A novel method was proposed to determine biofouling potential by direct analysis of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane through fluorescence intensity analysis of biofilm formed on the membrane surface, thereby incorporating fouling tendencies of both feedwater and membrane. Evaluation of the biofouling potential on the RO membrane was done by accelerated biofilm formation through soaking of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preparation of thin-film composite polyamide reverse osmosis membranes

    Thin-Film Composite (TFC) polyamide membranes in spiral wound configuration are widely used in seawater desalting plants worldwide because of their superior solute-rejecting properties and attractive water permeation rates. TFC polyamide membranes are three layered membranes, prepared in two stages wherein conventional phase separation and interfacial polymerisation techniques are combined to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Surface modification of reverse osmosis membranes with zwitterionic polymer to reduce biofouling

    The zwitterionic homopolymer poly[2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide was coated onto the surface of commercial polyamide reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. Aqueous solutions of the polymer at different concentrations were applied to modify the polyamide membranes through an in situ surface coating procedure. After membrane modification, cross-flow filtration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The need for a novel method for achieving zero effluent-discharge status for ethanol distilleries: spentwash colour removal by reverse osmosis

    Sustained industrial scale production of ethanol in India is dependent on the earliest possible implementation of zero effluent discharge. High pollution parameters of effluent made it commercially impossible. An urgent need for developing a method to attain a zero discharge status for distilleries was essential. The presently tried and tested methods had limitations for conclusive disposal of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis potentialities to recover metals, sulfuric acid, and recycled water from acid gold mining effluent

    This work assessed the potential of nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) to treat acid streams contaminated with metals, such as effluent from the pressure oxidation process (POX) used in refractory gold ore processing. NF and RO were evaluated in terms of rejections of sulfuric acid and metals. Regarding NF, high sulfuric acid permeation (∼100%), was observed, while metals were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization and economic analysis for a small scale nanofiltration and reverse osmosis water desalination system

    This paper presents the results of a techno-economic investigation of a nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) process for treating brackish water. Optimization experiments of six commercially available small scale RO and NF membranes were carried out using formulated artificial groundwater. A predictive model was developed by using response surface methodology (RSM) for optimization of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Selection and Optimal Ammonium Nitrate Chemistry for Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Explosive Wastewater

    A process for manufacturing explosives produces an ammonium nitrate-laden wastewater, which can be successfully treated with reverse osmosis (RD). Key to RD use is balancing the competing waste solution chemistry requirements of the two target solutes, to enhance the performance of the particular RD membrane chosen. While the EPA requires only the reduction of the N03 and NH4+ discharge levels ...


  • Commercial RO Package, Jordan

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured a commercial RO package to a major hotel in Jordan to remove, chlorine, TDS, and odor from well water. The package consisted of pre and post treatments including a multimedia filter and chemical dosing systems. The brackish ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Commercial SWRO Machine, Philippines

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied a commercial SWRO machine to a major company in the Philippines. The machine came complete with an advanced microprocessor control along with pretreatments consisting of a ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Commercial BWRO Package, Iraq

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured a commercial BWRO unit to a major company in Iraq to lower chlorine, TDS, and odor from well water. The system included multimedia and activated carbon filters to remove particulates, odor, color and taste, and ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Forward osmosis desalination from laboratory to market

    A two-step forward osmosis (FO) desalination process combining both FO and reverse osmosis (RO) systems has been developed by the Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications at the University of Surrey and commercialised by Modern Water plc. In the FO + RO process seawater was used as feed water (FW) and a concentrated aqueous solution was used as a draw solution (DS). By taking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative evaluation of commercial and sewage sludge based activated carbons for the removal of textile dyes from aqueous solutions

    Almost every industry uses coloring matter to color their products and the residual and unspent substances are discharged in to the environment, particularly aquatic environment. Discharge of such colored effluents imparts color to the receiving water and interferes with its intended beneficial use. In addition, recent reports suggest that several color-causing substances are micro toxic to the ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Sewer mining to supplement blackwater flow in a commercial high-rise Australia-Sydney case study

    Project Background or Rationale Australia’s warm climate and habitual droughts have resulted in innovative water conservation practices in commercial developments, such as 1 Bligh Street in Sydney. Commissioned in May 2011, the highly acclaimed 29 story office tower overlooking the Sydney Harbor captures nearly 100 percent of its wastewater and reuses it in the building. By recycling ...

  • Nuclear desalination complexes based on PWR and gas cooled reactors

    This report is prepared based on the results of activities performed in Russia on the development of energy desalination complexes (EDCs) with different reactor plants. The activities were aimed at the development of conceptual designs for EDCs and evaluation of the EDC from a technical-economic point of view, commercial attractiveness and economic efficiency based on reactor plants such as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of Continuous Electrodeionization Devices

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is the standard method of generating high purity water bypolishing reverse osmosis permeate. The technology utilizes electrical current toremove ionic impurities while continuously regenerating cation and anion exchange resins. EDI is utilized in ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Recochem Inc., Quebec Case Study

    Problem Recochem Inc., an international company based in Montreal, manufactures, packages, and distributes a vast range of chemicals for retail chain stores and the commercial market. Because of the continuing growth of the Company's sales, the Montreal plant decided to acquire a more effective water treatment system, in order to increase production of the demineralized water required for ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Membrane cleaning skids prolong operating life of costly membrane filtration units

    Considered one of the most important and costly components of a reverse osmosis purification system, membrane filtration elements (a thin semi-permeable layer which desalinates seawater) collect mineral buildup, organic materials and bacterial agents. The Lifestream Membrane Cleaning Skid cleans, flushes out and preserves the membrane, reviving efficiency and prolonging membrane life.Designing a ...

  • Pilot-scale study investigating RO/NF performance

    High-pressure membrane technologies, especially reverses osmosis, have been widely used in indirect potable water reuse projects due to their high removal efficiency for unregulated and unidentified organics, as well as nutrients and bulk organic carbon (Drewes et al., 2003). Recent developments in membrane manufacturing have resulted in 'lower pressure' membranes such as ultra-low pressure ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Can saltwater quench our growing thirst?

    An increasingly water-stressed world takes a new look at desalination. It seems simple enough: Take the salt out of water so it’s drinkable. But it’s far more complex than it appears at first glance. It’s also increasingly crucial in a world where freshwater resources are progressively strained by population growth, development, droughts, ...


    By Ensia

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