conductivity instrument Articles

  • Arctic Polar Research - A Global Responsibility

    Due to climate change and geopolitical trends, the Polar Regions (particularly the Arctic) are increasingly becoming the focus of scientific, political, and economic interests. Much of the global climate is driven by forces that originate in the Arctic. The Arctic sea ice is receding faster than climate models have predicted, and the movement of freshwater into and around the Arctic plays an ...

  • Tech Tip: Deploying Sea-Bird CTD in Ice

    Large numbers of Sea-Bird conductivity instruments have been used in Arctic and Antarctic programs. Special accommodation to keep temperature, conductivity, oxygen, and optical sensors at or above 0° C is advised. Often, the CTD is brought inside protective doors between casts to achieve this. Conductivity Cell When freezing is possible, we ...

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • The fundamental conductivity and resistivity of water

    Pure water has a very low. but not quite zero, electrical conductivity. This conductivity provides a probe into fundamental properties of water, including the electrochemical mobility of the hydrogen and hydroxide ions. Deviation from this value is a measure of trace ionic impurities. Ultrapure water (UPW). with impurities at or below the sub-parts-per-billion range, is used extensively in many ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Estimating soil conductivity for GPR surveys

    The results of a ground penetrating radar survey depends on many factors. In order to get useful data and good penetration, one of the conditions is that the conductivity of the ground is not too high. The conductivity of the material together with the operating frequency and the dielectric constant allow us to calculate the loss factor that is used to roughly estimate the theoretical ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Instrumentation and Operational Considerations for On-Line pH Measurement in Samples Below 10µS/cm Conductivity

    Ordinarily pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 µS/cm conductivity. The conductivity comes from dissolved solids which are typically salts but also acid or base. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form which makes such solutions conducting. With conductivities of 1,000 µS/ cm or more, an ample supply of mobile ions provides pH electrodes with a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Rainy Day Session Instruments

    Rainy Day Session Instruments Rain and melted snow in the United States winter can cause runoff.  Such winter runoff causes the movement of soil or at least cloudy turbid water. This had been known to occur on native undisturbed lands. However, with the growth of the population, we see more and more development ...


    By Geotechnical Services, Inc

  • The soldier salesman: field instrumentation

    “The victorious strategist only seeks battle after the victory has been won, whereas he who is destined for defeat first fights and afterwards looks for victory.” — Sun Tzu, The Art of War These words may apply to warfare, and though they were written over two thousand years ago by a Chinese general, they could not be more accurate than when applied to today’s sales ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • Mixing and matching instrument components

    China Wind Power is the largest wind energy event in Asia, where some 500 exhibitors displayed their products this October – a 25% increase on 2009. The event was hosted by the major organisations in the wind energy industry in China: Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) China Renewable Energy Industries Association (CREIA) Chinese Wind Energy Association (CWEA) ...

  • Portable Monitoring Instruments Solve Flow Rate Mystery

    The Glen Walter Sewage Collection System was built to service 1080 customers in 1989. At the time the population was 850 but by 1995 the sewage treatment plant had already reached capacity. Shawn Killoran took over the Operations Manger position in 1999 and, along with the Mayor and Council, he immediately had concerns about the excess flow. The Township started by video taping all of the lines ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Tech update: Plant instrumentation - food engineering

    Sensors and other devices are the foot soldiers in automation architecture, but most food and beverage manufacturers still are looking for full value. You know an equipment category has arrived when it starts getting its own industry-specific center. For the food production sensors that do the heavy lifting in instrumentation technology, that day could arrive earlier rather than ...


    By Hardy Process Solutions

  • Why instrument hire makes occupational safety sense

    Background Decisions concerning the acquisition of occupational safety monitoring instrumentation are often made by operational staff that may not have visibility of the full financial implications of their choices. The following article will examine the factors affecting these decisions and explain why a strategic decision to hire instrumentation can deliver substantial and wide-ranging ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • National instruments features Watertectonics` Waveionics user interface and control system

    Using National Instruments products like LabVIEW and Compact FieldPoint Controllers, WATERTECTONICS has developed a user interface for the WaveIonics electrocoagulation system that is flexible, automated, and robust. With the tight integration between NI hardward and software, WATERTECTONICS was able to test coding extensively on a PC before deploying it to a system. Plus, it was easy to adapt ...


    By Water Tectonics, Inc.

  • Surfactant-induced unsaturated flow: Instrumented horizontal flow experiment and hysteretic modeling

    Organic compounds with surface-active properties reduce the surface tension of water and can change soil water contact angles depending on their aqueous concentration. The presence of such compounds in the unsaturated zone affects soil moisture characteristics and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity relations, and can cause flow as a result of induced soil water pressure gradients. Some studies ...

  • U. S. Army Tests Water Monitoring Instruments for Deployed Troops

    The Army conducted a competition, TRE 10-1JCBRAWM, from July 12to July 24, 2010 at the White Sands Missile Testing Grounds, New Mexico, for the best detector for radiation in water. The participants were Technical Associates with their SSS-22P liquid scintillation monitor; Canberra with their iSolo silicon sample counter; and Hidex from Finland with a liquid scintillation counter. The competition ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Online Instrumentation to Protect Wastewater Facilities from Toxic Chemicals

    ABSTRACTSecurity concerns are driving current research to develop means of detecting toxic chemicals in wastewater influents as few online instruments are currently available for this purpose. Online respirometers such as the STIPTox are the obvious choice using existing, established technology. One of these units was recently used successfully in the WERF project 03-CTS-7S “Feasibility Testing ...

  • Population-based study of intra-household gender differences in water insecurity: reliability and validity of a survey instrument for use in rural Uganda

    Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack adequate access to water. Water insecurity, which is defined as having limited or uncertain availability of safe water or the ability to acquire safe water in socially acceptable ways, is typically overlooked by development organizations focusing on water availability. To address the urgent need in the literature for validated measures of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exoscan FTIR instrument system can easily be used in the lab or taken to the field for routine analysis.

    Infrared spectroscopy has long been recognized as a selective and sensitive technique for analysis and characterization of surfaces. From material identification to quantitative analysis, infrared analyses can establish if a surface is composed of the correct material, has the proper coating thickness, is free of contaminants, is properly cured, or has the correct properties for the next step in ...


  • Case study - Water accountability portable monitoring instruments solve flow rate mystery

    The Glen Walter Sewage Collection System was built to service 1080 customers in 1989. At the time the population was 850 but by 1995 the sewage treatment plant had already reached capacity. Shawn Killoran took over the Operations Manger position in 1999 and, along with the Mayor and Council, he immediately had concerns about the excess flow. The Township started by video taping all of the lines ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Texas Instruments - A Novel Separation Technique for the Analysis of Trace Levels of Atmospheric Contaminants in Inert Semiconductor Process Gases

    A NOVEL SEPARATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TRACELEVELS OF ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS IN INERTSEMICONDUCTOR PROCESS GASES J. Scott McWilliams, Alan Johnson, Charlene Long, Jeremiah D. Hogan*Texas Instruments, Inc.Dallas, TX 75265 Low ppb detection limits for contamination in cylinder gases have been achieved with gas chromatography using a modified gas ...


    By Environics, Inc.

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