conductivity level controller Articles

  • Quality Assurance Guidance for Conducting Brownfields Site Assessments

    Executive Summary Many sites across the nation once used for industrial and commercial purposes are now abandoned or under-used. Some of these sites — often referred to as “Brownfields”— are contaminated; others are perceived or suspected to be contaminated. In 1993, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) created the Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative to empower States, Tribes, ...

  • Measuring level by weight

    Measuring level or inventory by weight provides high accuracy. The weight is not affected by ingredients that foam or settle unevenly or by changes in density or the shape of the tank. Weight is weight, regardless of percent solids, bridging, rat-holing, or whether your ingredient is conductive or sound-absorbing. Because weighing is a noncontact method of measuring level, there is no chance of ...


    By Hardy Process Solutions

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Conductivity Measurement in high purity water samples below 10 microsiems/cm

    High Purity Water Resistivity/ Conductivity Measurement Ultra-Pure Water without any chemical impurities will still have a conductivity because of the presence of H* and OH" ions due to the self-ionization of water. Ultra-pure water has a conductivity of 0.055 HSiemens'cm or a resistivity of 18.18 mQ-cm at 25 °C. In order to know the conductivity or resistivity of ultra-pure water it is ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Ultrasonic level measurement: a Modern Classic!

    Radar technology has long had the reputation of being the best method of level measurement available - but does this also apply to the wastewater market? Based on its physical characteristics, radar technology certainly offers great flexibility and high performance. However, from an objective standpoint, non-contact level measurement using ultrasound is often the first choice and also the right ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • Paste thickener bed level measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Advancing Odor Control to New Levels Gurnee Sewage Treament Plant North Shore Sanitary District

    ABSTRACTThe North Shore Sanitary District (District) owns and operates a 24-mgd sewage treatment plant located in Gurnee, Illinois. Frequently, odors from the two-stage activated sludge plant’s solids handling facilities made their way into the adjacent residential neighborhood. A new two-stage odor control system for the plant’s solids handling facility was put on-line in October 1999. This ...

  • Determination of diurnal water level fluctuations in headwaters

    The aim of this paper is to study diurnal fluctuations of the water level in streams draining headwaters and to identify the controlling factors. The fieldwork was carried out in the Gryżynka River catchment, western Poland. The water levels of three streams draining into the headwaters via a group of springs were monitored in the years 2011–2014. Changes in the water pressure and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbial control reduces sulfide

    The article is about sewage odour control using a totally NEW technology known as Microbial Control. Microbial control treats the cause of sewage odour, corrosion and methane gas production in sewers by removing the biofilm / sediment (slimes) complexes where sewage odour and methane gas are produced. Without sewage odour you cannot have sewage infrastructure corrosion from sulfuric acid. As ...


    By Biosol

  • Mercury Control Demonstrations

    C1.1 | Halogens and Sulfur in Coals and their Influence on Co-benefit Mercury Capture Bernhard Vosteen | President, Vosteen Consulting Gmbh Not only the range of the coal mercury content itself, but also the range of the native halogen and sulfur contents in coal are of great influence on co-benefit mercury capture, wet and dry. The ...

  • Remediation of Diesel and Fuel Oil Hydrocarbons in High Clay Content Soils: A Field Comparison of Amendment Performance Conducted at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard

    ABSTRACT Past practices at the now closed Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, CA caused diesel and fuel oil range organic (DFRO) contamination of the soil. The high clay content of the soils makes any remediation effort especially challenging. Chromatography of methylene chloride extracts of Mare Island soil confirmed that little weathering or degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons had ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • EPA’s proposal to revise the air quality standards for ground-level ozone

    OnJune 20, 2007, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed to strengthen the nation’s air quality standards for ground-level ozone. Recent scientific literature has improved our understanding of the adverse effects of ozone on both human health and the environment. This article summarizes the latest scientific knowledge on the effects of ozone and the key aspects of EPA’s proposal ...

  • Barium Sulfate: A Protocol for Determining Higher Site-Specific Barium Cleanup Levels

    Abstract Although different barium compounds are known to exhibit vastly different toxicities, cleanup standards for barium in soil or sediment at environmental corrective action sites are typically based on total barium concentration without regard for the specific barium compounds present. However, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) has recently agreed that the insoluble ...


  • Creating a sustainable food future, installment three: Achieving replacement level fertility

    The world’s population will rise from just over 7 billion in 2012 to nearly 9.6 billion by 2050. Most of the world’s regions have already achieved or are close to achieving replacement level fertility. “Replacement level fertility” is the total fertility rate—the average number of children born per woman—at which a population exactly replaces itself from one ...

  • Odor Control Advances at Composting Facility

    The Rockland County (New York) Cocomposting Facility began operations in February, 1999, processing biosolids from the five publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) in the county. The Rockland County Solid Waste Management Authority (RCSWMA) owns the facility, but contracted with Waste Management of New York to design, build and operate (DBO) the 110 wet tons/day agitated bin composting facility ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • CONTROLLED RECOGNIZED ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS (CRECs)

    A client recently said to me; “It seems like every year environmental requirements become more stringent and costly, making more purchasers and lenders request environmental inspections before committing to the real estate transaction”. Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs) or Phase I ESAs are the industry standard for ...

  • Improved Control for your Cooling Tower and Boiler

    The power of microprocessor based programming along with the ease of interfacing with standard Internet based controllers has enabled improved cooling tower and boiler control with just the click of a mouse. Many of these improvements can significantly enhance your chemical treatment program, and provide greater flexibility in your chemical treatment program. These new algorithms offer ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

  • Unity – Intelligent boiler house control case study

    Achieve efficient and cost-effective management of multiple boiler house systems with UNITY from Byworth – the next-generation of control interfaces. Offering unprecedented levels of visibility and fingertip control of every aspect of boiler house technology, UNITY was conceived and created by a team headed by Jason Atkinson; runner-up Electrical Apprentice of the Year and ...


    By Byworth Boilers

  • Occupational noise - Noise control at the workplace starts with measurements

    We often automatically turn to personal protective equipment in order to restrict noise. Yet there are other solutions. NoiseAtWork software enables us to map the situation quickly. It has been scientifically proven that exposure to noise which exceeds 80 dB(A) causes hearing loss, but lower levels can also cause physical and mental complaints. Noise also has a disruptive effect on communication ...


    By Softnoise GmbH

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