conductivity meter Articles

  • Conductivity Theory and Measurement

    Electrical conductivity is a measure of the ability of a solution to cany* a current. Current flow in liquids differs from mat in metal conductors in that electrons cannot flow freely, but must be carried by ions. Ions are formed when a solid such as salt is dissolved in a liquid to form electrical components having opposite electrical charges. For example, sodium chloride separates to form Na" ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Measure pH, conductivity, oxygen with HQD

    After just a short time, the HQD digital electrochemical measuring system has already established itself in practice. Both in the laboratory, with standard electrodes, and in the field, with rugged outdoor electrodes.  On the following pages, users describe their experience with the HQD system. Their experiences show that the system covers a wide range of applications, including direct ...


  • Estimating soil conductivity for GPR surveys

    The results of a ground penetrating radar survey depends on many factors. In order to get useful data and good penetration, one of the conditions is that the conductivity of the ground is not too high. The conductivity of the material together with the operating frequency and the dielectric constant allow us to calculate the loss factor that is used to roughly estimate the theoretical ...


    By Geoscanners AB

  • Determining Bentonite Content in Soil-Bentonite Mixtures Using Electrical Conductivity

    A procedure based on electrical conductivity is described for measuring bentonite content in soil-bentonite mixtures having a wide range of bentonite contents. Standard equipment used for sedimentation analysis and an electrical conductivity meter are required. The procedure employs calibration curves relating electrical conductivity and bentonite concentration for soil-bentonite-water slurries. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Determination of the thermal conductivity of shredded tyres by utilising a hot plate apparatus

    This paper presents the study of thermal conductivity of shredded tyre at varying temperature gradient. To accomplish this objective, laboratory tests have been conducted to determine the heat transfer properties of the materials that compose tyres (i.e., tyre rubber and wires) by using a hot-plate apparatus. A hot plate was adopted by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radiation Monitors and Meters

    Light Description and Applications The light meter is a portable unit designed to measure visible, UV, and near-UV light in the workplace. (The CTC has a UV light meter available through its loan program, ALEP.) The light meter is capable of reading any optical unit of energy or power level if the appropriate detector has been calibrated with the meter. The spectral range of the instrument is ...

  • TDS and EC meters for hydroponics explained

    As technology advances, questions inevitably follow. Due to the rapid growth of the hydroponics and indoor gardening industry, it is important for growers to be familiar with the technology, in this case instrumentation. There is a myriad of nutrients and fertilizers available to help you cultivate the best possible plant yields, but what is consistent among all of them is they need to be ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • The key advantages of FlashRES resistivity meter

    FlashRES-UNIVERSAL is the first instrument in the world that can fully utilise all its electrodes during data collection.  It is a significant technological breakthrough. FlashRES-UNIVERSAL has following key advantages: FlashRES is a 61-channal resistivity/IP system and it is extremely fast For each current injection, conventional resistivity systems usually collect ...

  • GKN aerospace success with portable impedance meter

    The GKN site in Cowes, Isle of Wight, UK, has long experience in the design and manufacture of passive sound insulation systems for air-intakes and by-pass ducts of aircraft engine nacelles. Dr. Armando Vavalle, Technology Development Engineer from GKN reports here on impedance tests conducted with Brüel &Kjær’s Portable Impedance Meter Type 9737 for the development of such ...

  • New Energy Smart Meter Rules Approved

    Ofgem has approved new industry rules designed to “protect and empower” domestic and business energy consumers. The code, ...

  • TLC meter “how-to” video: two-point user calibration

    A Solinst TLC Meter measures water level, temperature, and conductivity. To ensure accuracy of readings, the user can easily calibrate the Meter for conductivity, as required. User calibration allows for adjustment of a TLC Meter if the probe has been altered slightly due to mechanical, biological or chemical affects. If a TLC Meter is tested in standard calibration solution, and the readings are ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Using smart meters to identify social and technological impacts on residential water consumption

    Studies have shown that householders' perceptions of their water use are often not well matched with their actual water use. There has been less research, however, investigating whether this bias is related to specific types of end use and/or specific types of socio-demographic and socio-demographic household profiles. A high resolution smart metering study producing a detailed end use event ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nottinghamshire County Council Chooses Casella Sound Level Meter Kits

    When Nottinghamshire County Council needed to upgrade its 20-year-old noise monitoring equipment, it made sense to choose two of the latest high performance 63x series sound level meter kits from previous supplier, Casella - leading global specialist in occupational health and environmental risk management solutions Nottinghamshire County Council is the Minerals and Waste Planning Authority ...


    By Casella

  • Expert assessment: Sea-level rise could exceed one meter in this century

    Sea-level rise in this century is likely to be 70-120 centimeters by 2100 if greenhouse-gas emissions are not mitigated, a broad assessment of the most active scientific publishers on that topic has revealed. The 90 experts participating in the survey anticipate a median sea-level rise of 200-300 centimeters by the year 2300 for a scenario with unmitigated emissions. In contrast, for a scenario ...

  • Sensitivity of chlorophyll meters for diagnosing nitrogen deficiencies of corn in production agriculture

    Chlorophyll meters have been widely used to diagnose N deficiencies in research trials and to help refine N fertilizer recommendations in production agriculture. The diagnoses are based on the assumption that chlorophyll meters can detect a wide range of N deficiencies under field conditions according to relationships between chlorophyll meter readings (CMRs) and yield responses to N ...

  • Can I use two probes of the same type with a Hach HQ40D meter?

    Yes – two probes of the same type can be used with the Hach HQ40D. The Hach HQ40D is a multi meter with ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Attenuation of an ultrasonic beam by suspended particles and range of acoustic flow meters in sewer networks

    Ultrasonic flow meters are commonly used in wastewater management. Under certain circumstances, a reduction in the flow meter range may occur and cause significant error in the flow rate measurement. Attenuation due to suspended particles is one of the phenomena capable of reducing the flow meter range. The present paper examines attenuation resulting from re-suspended pond sediment over a wide ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Buy Smarter – what questions should you ask when buying a pH meter?

    When you’re looking to buy a pH meter, whether it’s to start measuring or to replace an existing meter, the range of brands and specifications available is huge. With so many options it can be difficult to know where to start, but taking a little time to choose carefully could save you a lot of time and money overall by making sure the meter you choose is right for ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • New Developments in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters: In-The-Field Compensation for Changes in Natural Gas Composition

    Introduction The flow of natural gas in pipelines is often complicated by changes in the composition of the gas. The method described in this paper solves the problem of variable composition via a new four-temperature mass flow sensor. The new (low sensor feeds its measurements into the algorithms of an advanced mathematical model that includes gas properties in its calculations. The method ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • A Low-Cost Electrolytic Tiltmeter for Measuring Slope Deformation

    The tiltmeter described consists of an electrolytic sensor (a glass jar containing an electrolyte and six electrodes) and a portable AC digital conductivity meter, which reads conductivity changes resulting from tilting deflections. The tiltmeter has a sensitivity of 2 to 8 min of arc/cmu (conductivity meter unit), with a measurement range of more than 45°. This tiltmeter measured earth flow ...


    By ASTM International

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