conductivity probe Articles

  • Non Conductive Probes for Hazardous Inspections

    Video Borescopes can be very useful for inspecting  many hard to reach areas, but some places that it would be handy to use a borescope to inspect such as in fuel tanks, or in walls or spaces with live wires present, you don’t want a electrical charge or spark from the borescope interacting with the environment and causing a problem. Military and law enforcement applications such as ...


    By Fiberscope.net by Medit Inc.

  • Nanoscopic surface architecture based on molecular self-assembly and scanning probe lithography

    Scanning probe lithography and molecular self-assembly have been integrated for constructing surface nanostructures. In the first part of this paper, organosilane monolayers grown through molecular self-assembly, i.e., self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) are applied as patterning media in scanning probe lithography based on scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrity and perfomance evaluation of new generation desalting membranes

    Various RO membrane integrity monitoring methods are currently being evaluated during pilot testing at the North City Water Reclamation Plant (NCWRP) located in San Diego, CA. The main purpose of the testing is to assess both direct and indirect monitoring techniques currently available to measure the integrity and reliability of RO membranes during water reclamation. Specific methods being ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Ozone systems for beginners

    This paper is intended for people who know a cooling tower when they see one but have little or no knowledge of their care or what part ozone plays. I have tried to make this as simple as possible and there is even a block diagram on the last page to help you out. Ready? Okay, here is what you need to know first: The sole function of ozone use in evaporative cooling towers is to disinfect water. ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • Automated Titration Analysis Enhances Productivity - White Paper

    Multi-Parameter Analysis and Enhanced Productivity by the Consolidation of Inorganic Wet Chemistry Methods Summary Multi-tasking and time allocations are key components to running an efficient laboratory and decreasing the cost per analysis for pH, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, fluoride and ammonia.  The cost of analysis has risen over the years while ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Multi-Parameter Analysis and Enhanced Productivity by the Consolidation of Inorganic Wet Chemistry Methods

    Summary Multi-tasking and time allocations are key components to running an efficient laboratory and decreasing the cost per analysis for pH, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, fluoride and ammonia.  The cost of analysis has risen over the years while revenue from these parameters has remained the same.  Much of the high cost is due to the use of multiple instruments, multiple ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • S2C2 Inc. utilizes EQuIS, RockWorks and ArcGIS implementing the Triad approach

    When implementing the Triad Approach, S2C2 Inc. (S2C2) relies upon EarthSoft’s EQuIS,ESRI’s ArcGIS and Rockware’s RockWorks software toptimize the management andvisualization of large data sets. The USEPA’s Triad Approach incorporates the following threecomponents: systematic planning, real-time measurements and dynamic work strategies. Theprimary goal of this approach is tstreamline site ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

  • Recycling of defatted Carica papaya seeds biosorbent (DPS) waste containing Pb and Cd in clay bricks: laboratory scale experiment

    This study investigated the potential of recycling defatted Carica papaya seeds biosorbent (DPS) waste with adsorbed Pb and Cd in clay bricks. Physico–chemical, microscopic and technological properties were performed on raw materials and fired probes incorporated with 0 wt.% to 15 wt.% DPS made by dry compression technique, dried and fired at 700°C, 800°C and 900°C. Leaching ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uniformity Tests in Calibration Chamber Samples by the Thermal Probe Method

    The calibration of geotechnical instruments for in-situ tests, performed on sand samples reconstituted in huge calibration chambers (CC), requires the reproduction of large specimens at given relative densities with good repeatability and satisfactory homogeneity. A test method has been developed with the purpose of evaluating the relative density, DR, in different locations of the CC samples ...


    By ASTM International

  • An assessment of nutrient dynamics in streambank soils of the Lower Little Bow River in southern Alberta using ion exchange membranes

    Nutrient dynamics in streambanks may impact nutrient movement to water, and may be influenced by cattle activity, river water level fluctuations, and time. Our objective was to determine the influence of these factors on nutrient (NO3-N, P, S, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ca, Mg) dynamics in streambanks along the Lower Little Bow River in southern Alberta using Plant Root Simulator or PRS® probes. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The fundamental conductivity and resistivity of water

    Pure water has a very low. but not quite zero, electrical conductivity. This conductivity provides a probe into fundamental properties of water, including the electrochemical mobility of the hydrogen and hydroxide ions. Deviation from this value is a measure of trace ionic impurities. Ultrapure water (UPW). with impurities at or below the sub-parts-per-billion range, is used extensively in many ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is coordinating investigations to document the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, FL is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work and that a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge and therefore not subject to ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers by GeoView case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is studying the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, Florida is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work on the key and because a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge. As part of the investigation, GeoView ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Investigation of indium nitride for micro–nanotechnology

    We present a study of non–intentionally doped InN epilayers directly grown on sapphire substrate by metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) technique. Structural and optical characterisations of this sample have been conducted by SEM, temperature–dependent photoluminescence and time resolved pump–probe techniques. Triangular–shaped structures of InN are observed to grow above ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potable tank mixing - Case study

    Topics: Middle East, potable, mixing, stratification, water age ...


    By Medora Corporation

  • Monitoring pH and ORP in a SHARON reactor

    This paper analyses the valuable information provided by the on-line measurements of pH and oxidation reduction potential (ORP) in a continuous single high ammonia removal over nitrite (SHARON) reactor. A laboratory-scale SHARON reactor equipped with pH, ORP, electric conductivity and dissolved oxygen (DO) probes has been operated for more than one year. Nitrogen removal over nitrite has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating Leaks in a Soil Gas Sampling Train

    ABSTRACT The current advisory for active soil gas investigations in California requires leak tests to be conducted at eveiy soil gas probe while taking a sample. A leak may allow ambient ak into the sample train thus diluting the soil gas and underestimating the results. Also, the leak check compound itself may have impurities thereby contaminating the sample. The advisoiy suggests leak ...


    By Eurofins Air Toxics Inc

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

  • Nanoscale films covalently attached to conducting substrates: structure and dynamic behaviour of the layers

    Nanoscale organic films, typically 1-5 nm thick, can be grafted to conducting substrates by the reduction of aryldiazonium salts. The grafting procedure results in covalent attachment of the film to the substrate, through a direct bond between the aryl group and a surface atom. The strength of this bond depends on the substrate: for carbon substrates, a high bond energy gives extremely stable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can I use two probes of the same type with a Hach HQ40D meter?

    Yes – two probes of the same type can be used with the Hach HQ40D. The Hach HQ40D is a multi meter with ...


    By Camlab Limited

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