contact flocculation Articles

  • Biodegradable flocculants: Power of `natto`

    Just by adding and stirring (1 agent, 1 process) 'PG alpha 21Ca' to polluted water, it separates supernatant water with better turbidity, BOD, and COD, and sediments in a short time. This high-molecular flocculent adsorbs strongly the exogenous incretion disturbance substance (Environmental hormone ), like dioxin. By using this high-molecular flocculent, it is possible to draw and collect ...


    By Poly Glu USA

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Experimental studies on hydrophobic flocculation of coal fines in aqueous solutions and flotation of flocculated coal

    Hydrophobic flocculation of fine bituminous coal particles in aqueous solutions under mechanical conditioning and without any surfactants has been experimentally studied through the measurements of aggregative efficiency, zeta potential and contact angle in this work. The results have shown that the hydrophobic coal fines strongly aggregated in a wide pH range (3.5?9.5), even though the particle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Operation of a solids contact tank at low dissolved oxygen and low total suspended solids concentrations

    Solids retention time (SRT) and dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) set points were optimized at a 32 MGD trickling filter-solids contact tank system. OPTImasterTM on-line optimization software was used for set points selection. Set points were maintained automatically using SRTmaster and DOmaster - sludge age and dissolved oxygen automatic control systems. Referenced above biological system was ...

  • Evaluation of the effects of varying the water velocity at the entrance of the contact zone on the performance of a dissolved air flotation (DAF) unit using the image analysis method

    For a more efficient design of dissolved air flotation (DAF) units, it is important to deepen our knowledge of the role that each constituent part plays with regard to overall performance. The velocity control of the flocculated water at the entrance (Ve) of the contact zone of DAF units is important because the degree of agitation in this region may affect the size of the flocs and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High Rate Treatment of CSO/SSO Flows Using a High Density Solids Contact Clarifier/Thickener - Results from a Pilot Study

    ABSTRACT A two-month pilot study was conducted at the Village Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant in Birmingham, Alabama to test the technical feasibility of utilizing a ...

  • Nitrogen removal in tertiary wastewater treatment plant of a chemical complex

    A Biochemical Contact Oxidation Film (BCOF) technique was piloted for the treatment of a secondary effluent of the Jilin Chemical Industry Corporation (JCIC). The original pulse contact flocculation clarifier used for the tertiary treatment was not performing to the discharge standards. Results show that NH3-N concentration was decreased from 30 mg/L to 15 mg/L, COD concentration was decreased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air bubble and oil droplet interactions in centrifugal fields during air-sparged hydrocyclone flotation

    The interactions of air bubbles and oil droplets in centrifugal flotation have been considered with respect to process conditions present during Air-sparged Hydrocyclone (ASH) flotation. Encounter efficiency of oil droplets with air bubbles has been found to be significantly smaller when compared to encounter efficiency of mineral particles. Collision and sliding contact times have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Oil Field Sludge Dewatering

    An oil field contract dewatering company was unable to dewater the oily/water/solids from several oil field storage tanks using conventional coagulants/flocculants. The swings in solids loading and oil content made it very difficult to control the correct dosage rate as conventional chemistry has a very tight tolerance to maintain a dewaterable floc. The result was an ongoing blinding problem for ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Industrial Laundry-2

    This facility washes shop towels, uniforms, and floor mats from a variety of industrial clients. The wastewater has heavy metals, hydrocarbons, and oil/greases. The staff has heavily modified the treatment system with mixing tanks and longer detention time for the chemicals to work. The treatment consisted of lime addition, calcium Chloride, an aluminum based coagulant, and an anionic flocculant. ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Bioflocculant production by Haloplanus vescus and its application in acid brilliant scarlet yellow/red removal

    A novel bioflocculant MBF057 produced by a salt-tolerant Haloplanus vescus HW0579 was investigated in this study. The effects of culture conditions such as initial pH, inoculum size, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of K-acid wastewater on MBF0579 production were studied. The result showed that 8.09 g/L purified MBF0579 was extracted with the following optimized conditions: 780 mg/L COD of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

  • Shock resistance characteristic of a spiral symmetry stream anaerobic bio-reactor

    The shock resistance characteristic (SRC) of an anaerobic bioreactor characterizes the ability of the anaerobic community in the reactor to withstand violent change in the living environment. In comparison with an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASBR), the SRC of a spiral symmetry stream anaerobic bio-reactor (SSSAB) was systematically investigated in terms of removal efficiency, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water purification

    Water purification is a process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water. The goal is to produce water fit for a specific purpose. Most water is purified for human consumption (Drinking water) but water purification may also be designed for a variety of other purposes, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection of an advanced primary effluent using peracetic acid or ultraviolet radiation for its reuse in public services

    The disinfection of a continuous flow of an effluent from an advanced primary treatment (coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation) with or without posterior filtration, using either peracetic acid (PAA) or ultraviolet (UV) radiation was studied. We aimed to obtain bacteriological quality to comply with the microbiological standard established in the Mexican regulations for treated wastewater reuse ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New treatment plant to feature ceramic membranes

    The Parker Water and Sanitation District (PWSD) in Colorado has contracted for a membrane treatment system for its Rueter-Hess water treatment plant project. The new plant will treat water from the Rueter-Hess Reservoir (RHR), which is being built three miles southwest of downtown Parker on Newlin Gulch, which is a tributary drainage of Cherry Creek. The reservoir and associated treatment plan ...


    By PennWell Corporation

  • Water Treatment - Torry Quay

    The Client: Civils Contractor The Challenge: Following identification of heavy hydrocarbon impacted water during de-watering works, Soilutions were contacted to provide a solution. Impacted waters comprised significant free phase oil on the surface, significant dissolved phase oils, and unknown sediment loading. Requested flow rates were 60m3/hr. Supervision was ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Applicability of ion exchange for NOM removal from a sulfate-rich surface water incorporating full reuse of the brine

    The raw water of water treatment works ‘the Blankaart’ (Belgium) is characterized by high levels of NOM (Natural Organic Matter), alkalinity and sulfate. From 2006 until present, the possibility of applying fluidized ion exchange for NOM removal has been investigated at the plant. Pilot testing using Miex® (Magnetic Ion Exchange) resin demonstrated that under standard ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Penwhirn & Glengap WTW - New water treatment works

    Scottish Water 16.5 and 4.5 MLD respectively The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest water utility, responsible for the whole of Scotland and islands around the Scottish coast, including the major cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. They provide drinking water and wastewater treatment for a population of approximately 4.7 ...


  • Loch Turret water treatment works

    Actiflo® high rate sand ballasted clarification & multiflo lamella sludge thickening plant The Loch Turret upgrade was the largest drinking water project for Scottish Water in the latest investment period. The scheme was taken over in 2010 and is delivers approx 85 million litres of drinking water per day The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest ...


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