contaminant model Articles

  • Groundwater and contaminant transport modelling

    Client: Nuclear Industry Location: Cumbria, UK Services: Radioactive waste consultancy, hydrogeological risk assessment Issues: Potential risk to groundwater, environment and human health. System conceptualisation Summary: ESI developed a FEFLOW finite element model of the groundwater system in the ...

  • Gaussian plume modeling of contaminant transport

    A technique for modeling contaminant transport based on Markov process theory is developed. Transport is quantified by summing the first two moments of independent random displacements and applying the central limit theorem (CLT) to obtain solute distributions of a Gaussian nature. For non-uniform flow fields the CLT is applied in a streamfunction/equitravel time space and transforms are used to ...


    By Springer

  • Lysimetric studies for modelling radioactive contaminant transport in soils

    To assess the movement of contaminants in the soil mass surrounded by near/subsurface waste repository, researchers have developed several mathematical and numerical modelling techniques. However, most of these techniques consider remolded state of soil mass, which fail to reproduce exact in situ conditions and also have used inactive salts as model contaminants. Hence, in order to model ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling Leachate Contamination and Remediation of Groundwater at a Landfill Site

    Leachate contamination of an aquifer from a landfill sitewas simulated using the groundwater flow and transport model SUTRA developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The model calibration was performed by spatially adjusting the hydraulic conductivity in order to capture the measured hydraulic head spatial variation and then by adjusting the dispersivity and porosity match the measured chloride ...


    By Springer

  • Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil)

    An important tool in environmental management projects and studies due to the complexity of environmental systems, environmental modeling makes it possible to integrate many variables and processes, thereby providing a dynamic view of systems. In this study the bacteriological quality of the coastal waters of Fortaleza (a state capital in Northeastern Brazil) was modeled considering multiple ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Studies on Biofiltration of Contaminant Mixtures

    Most gaseous emissions from waste water treatment plants, industrial operations, and solids handling facilities, consist of contaminant mixtures rather than pure chemicals. In the literature, several studies have been conducted on biological treatment of gaseous emissions using either naturally bioactive media (soil, peat, compost, etc.) in biofilters or synthetic support media in biotrickling ...


    By PRD Tech, Inc.

  • Thresholds of Contaminants: A Synthesis

    A fundamental problem in ecotoxicology is the prediction of population and ecosystem-level effects of contaminant exposure based on dose response data of individuals. Furthermore, long term effects are not assessed when analysing dose-response of few individuals over a short period of time and even no-effect dose concentrations could have a long term effect at population or at ecosystem level. In ...


  • Air contaminants modelling by use of several receptor-oriented models

    Two data sets were apportioned by the use of several models (chemical mass balance (CMB), principal components analysis-absolute principal components scores (PCA-APCS), positive matrix factorisation (PMF) and UNMIX). Source apportionment were results derived from the CMB modelling applied to the data from Vienna point traffic source, paved road and crustal dust as the dominant contributors to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Remediation technology of groundwater contaminated by perchloroethylene

    To dechlorinate perchloroethylene (PCE), batch experiments were conducted for five groups of reactors: zero-valent iron (Fe0), zero-valent zinc (Zn0), an anaerobic microbial community (MB), a combination of iron powder and an anaerobic microbial community (FeMB), and combination of zinc powder and an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multimedia Models and Observations in Concert - A Powerful Tool to Understand and Manage Organic Contaminants

    A key goal of environmental authorities is to minimize the exposure and effects on the environment and humans from harmful organic contaminants. Sound chemical control strategies therefore require the determination of the quantitative relationship between emissions, environmental levels, and human exposure to chemicals of concern (or so-called source-receptor relationships). To achieve this, ...

  • Modeling the adsorption of emerging contaminants on activated carbon: classical and quantum QSAR approaches

    The adsorption of 115 emerging contaminants, mainly organic chemicals identified by the US Environmental Protection Agency's 2009 Contaminant Candidate List 3, was ranked using two published classical quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models and a newly developed quantum QSAR model. Approximately 75% of the investigated contaminants were predicted to be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization design based on ensemble surrogate models for DNAPLs-contaminated groundwater remediation

    The optimization design of surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation for dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs)-contaminated groundwater is proposed through integrating simulation and optimization models. Many studies have demonstrated that the surrogate model is an effective tool for building a bridge between simulation and optimization models. In this paper, the simulation model was first ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An agent-based modeling framework for sociotechnical simulation of water distribution contamination events

    In the event that a contaminant is introduced to a water distribution network, a large population of consumers may risk exposure. Selecting mitigation actions to protect public health may be difficult, as contamination is a poorly predictable dynamic event. Consumers who become aware of an event may select protective actions to change their water demands from typical demand patterns, and new ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental Data Management for Groundwater Contamination

    ESdat environmental data management software has been used to manage and report on large datasets generated from an investigation of groundwater contamination on an industrial facility in Adelaide. ESdat was used in managing site data and the maintenance of conceptual model and time series outputs at a complex site over an extended period. Leakages of TCE and the subsequent ...

  • Analysing four of the most contaminated foodstuffs

    Food adulteration has been around since the Victorian times when cheese was often coloured with lead salts, beer and milk were watered down and flour was bulked out with chalk dust or ground bones [1]. Governments apply stringent legislation and quality standards to food products but the practice of adulteration, driven by greed and profit, is still seen. ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Modelling removal of microbiological contaminants along a series of constructed wetlands

    The rate of removal of microbial pollutants along a series of constructed wetlands for treating wastewater in Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria were monitored from inlet to the discharge point into river Atuara and at 300 m upstream and downstream. The microbiological test results analysed were those of most probable number (MPN) of coliforms ( Escherichia coli ), coliform counts in cfu/100 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A mathematical modelling of the intensity of contaminants (CO2) on occupancy level of a space in continuous use

    This study investigates the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) of a room apartment and focused on the number of occupants that a space or an apartment can accommodate as a result of increase in the concentration level of the CO2 contaminant present within the space. The law of mass action was applied to generate a relation between the concentration of CO2 produced and the concentration of the reactants ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Geostatistical modelling of ground conditions to support the assessment of site contamination

    The pattern of ground contamination across a site depends on the historical pattern of contaminant releases at the surface and the redistribution and the fate of contaminants below the surface. Using these concepts a new site assessment approach (assessment modelling) is proposed based on the development of three stochastic models: a model of the physical structure of the ground materials beneath ...


    By Springer

  • Combining modeling and monitoring to study fecal contamination in a small rural catchment

    The present study sought to identify Escherichia coli sources in a small catchment and to use the agro-hydrological model soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) to estimate their impact on river water quality. The innovative aspects of this research are to assess the hourly variations of fecal contamination and to take these variations into account in the model to provide a better evaluation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated conceptual modelling of faecal contamination in an urban estuary catchment

    Urban stormwater is regarded as a key input of faecal contamination in receiving water bodies and therefore, a major concern for health risks associated with aquatic recreation. Wastewater leakages, cross connections and overflows, together with faeces washed from surfaces during rainfall events, are possible origins of faecal contamination which enter these water bodies through stormwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

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