contaminant transport modeling Articles

  • Groundwater and contaminant transport modelling

    Client: Nuclear Industry Location: Cumbria, UK Services: Radioactive waste consultancy, hydrogeological risk assessment Issues: Potential risk to groundwater, environment and human health. System conceptualisation Summary: ESI developed a FEFLOW finite element model of the groundwater system in the ...

  • Gaussian plume modeling of contaminant transport

    A technique for modeling contaminant transport based on Markov process theory is developed. Transport is quantified by summing the first two moments of independent random displacements and applying the central limit theorem (CLT) to obtain solute distributions of a Gaussian nature. For non-uniform flow fields the CLT is applied in a streamfunction/equitravel time space and transforms are used to ...


    By Springer

  • Lysimetric studies for modelling radioactive contaminant transport in soils

    To assess the movement of contaminants in the soil mass surrounded by near/subsurface waste repository, researchers have developed several mathematical and numerical modelling techniques. However, most of these techniques consider remolded state of soil mass, which fail to reproduce exact in situ conditions and also have used inactive salts as model contaminants. Hence, in order to model ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Density dependant water flow and contaminant transport

    SoilVision Systems Ltd. would like to announce the release of the addition of fully coupled density-dependent water flow and contaminant transport in ChemFlux and SVFlux. Using the new density-dependent flow capability can improve the accuracy of the simulation of heavy salt water. This new feature has been implemented in 1D, 2D, and 3D models and is enabled to work with the Professional version ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Density Dependent Water Flow and Contaminant Transport

    SoilVision Systems Ltd. would like to announce the release of the addition of fully coupled density-dependent water flow and contaminant transport in ChemFlux™ and SVFlux™. Using the new density-dependent flow capability can improve the accuracy of the simulation of heavy salt water. This new feature has been implemented in 1D, 2D, and 3D models and is enabled to ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • The mathematical modelling of total nitrogen contamination transport via groundwater from a sugar factory in Eskisehir, Turkey

    In this study, mathematical modelling of the total nitrogen contamination transport in a porous medium was evaluated in order to determine the potential groundwater pollution caused by a sugar factory in the Eskisehir region of Turkey. Analytical solutions of mathematical modelling were performed to show graphically the distributions of contaminant concentrations. Multiflow computer programming ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling Leachate Contamination and Remediation of Groundwater at a Landfill Site

    Leachate contamination of an aquifer from a landfill sitewas simulated using the groundwater flow and transport model SUTRA developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. The model calibration was performed by spatially adjusting the hydraulic conductivity in order to capture the measured hydraulic head spatial variation and then by adjusting the dispersivity and porosity match the measured chloride ...


    By Springer

  • Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil)

    An important tool in environmental management projects and studies due to the complexity of environmental systems, environmental modeling makes it possible to integrate many variables and processes, thereby providing a dynamic view of systems. In this study the bacteriological quality of the coastal waters of Fortaleza (a state capital in Northeastern Brazil) was modeled considering multiple ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation of contaminant transport in groundwater from the tailings pond of uranium mine: a case study

    The present study investigates the spreading of radioactive materials through groundwater by developing a groundwater contaminant transport model. The model was analysed in the steady state, and was then applied in the transient state to predict the spreading of uranium and its daughter product in the region. The model was verified using the simulated and measured velocity of groundwater. It was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thresholds of Contaminants: A Synthesis

    A fundamental problem in ecotoxicology is the prediction of population and ecosystem-level effects of contaminant exposure based on dose response data of individuals. Furthermore, long term effects are not assessed when analysing dose-response of few individuals over a short period of time and even no-effect dose concentrations could have a long term effect at population or at ecosystem level. In ...


  • Assessing the transport and fate of MTBE

    Untitled Document ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Application of first-order reliability method to modelling the fate and transport of benzene in groundwater

    Parameter uncertainty plays a significant role in decision making regarding groundwater contamination and remediation, especially for non-conservative chemicals. This paper presents a probabilistic screening model to accommodate parameter uncertainty in the aquifer media, and physical–chemical parameters, using the first-order reliability method (FORM). The application of the developed model is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling Pesticide and Nutrient Transport in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia Agro-Ecosystems

    Cameron Highlands has a long history of intensive horticulture especially vegetable and flower cultivation. This industry uses large amounts of nutrients and pesticides. Several simulation models were used to assess the movement of pesticides and nutrients in relation to agronomic practices in farm plots cultivated with cabbage and chrysanthemum. It was shown that most of the pesticides are ...


    By Springer

  • Modelling Pesticide and Nutrient Transport in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia Agro-Ecosystems

    Cameron Highlands has a long history of intensive horticulture especially vegetable and flower cultivation. This industry uses large amounts of nutrients and pesticides. Several simulation models were used to assess the movement of pesticides and nutrients in relation to agronomic practices in farm plots cultivated with cabbage and chrysanthemum. It was shown that most of the pesticides are ...


    By Springer

  • An agent-based modeling framework for sociotechnical simulation of water distribution contamination events

    In the event that a contaminant is introduced to a water distribution network, a large population of consumers may risk exposure. Selecting mitigation actions to protect public health may be difficult, as contamination is a poorly predictable dynamic event. Consumers who become aware of an event may select protective actions to change their water demands from typical demand patterns, and new ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geostatistical modelling of ground conditions to support the assessment of site contamination

    The pattern of ground contamination across a site depends on the historical pattern of contaminant releases at the surface and the redistribution and the fate of contaminants below the surface. Using these concepts a new site assessment approach (assessment modelling) is proposed based on the development of three stochastic models: a model of the physical structure of the ground materials beneath ...


    By Springer

  • Multimedia Models and Observations in Concert - A Powerful Tool to Understand and Manage Organic Contaminants

    A key goal of environmental authorities is to minimize the exposure and effects on the environment and humans from harmful organic contaminants. Sound chemical control strategies therefore require the determination of the quantitative relationship between emissions, environmental levels, and human exposure to chemicals of concern (or so-called source-receptor relationships). To achieve this, ...

  • Integrated conceptual modelling of faecal contamination in an urban estuary catchment

    Urban stormwater is regarded as a key input of faecal contamination in receiving water bodies and therefore, a major concern for health risks associated with aquatic recreation. Wastewater leakages, cross connections and overflows, together with faeces washed from surfaces during rainfall events, are possible origins of faecal contamination which enter these water bodies through stormwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimating contaminant-flushing rates for heterogeneous aquifers

    Groundwater remediation evaluations typically include cleanup time projections. Current batch flushing-rate equations and analytical models often used to estimate groundwater cleanup rates typically underestimate cleanup times, with a major factor the flawed assumption of aquifer homogeneity. Numerical modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport is a time-intensive and costly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimal groundwater contamination monitoring using pumping wells

    This study presents a new method for selecting monitoring wells for optimal evaluation of groundwater quality. The basic approach of this work is motivated by difficulties in interpolating groundwater quality from information collected for only few sampled wells. The well selection relies on other existing data relevant to contaminant distribution in the sampling domain, e.g. predictions of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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