contaminated aquifer Articles

  • Investigating cross-contamination of aquifers

    Shallow aquifers can cross-contaminate deeper aquifers through penetration of an intervening aquitard, via sandy intervals in the aquitard, along well casings, across long well screens, or around aquitard pinchouts. Distinguishing among these potential pathways requires the use of evaluation tools that may support or eliminate certain pathways. These tools include groundwater gradient and ...


    By Springer

  • Abandon Well Contaminate Aquifer

    This article points out the magnitude of this urgent issue.  An abandoned well becomes an opening into an aquifer which is likely to introduce contamination.  Filling it in is a critical component of protecting the well water supply.  Click here to read the ...

  • Estimating contaminant-flushing rates for heterogeneous aquifers

    Groundwater remediation evaluations typically include cleanup time projections. Current batch flushing-rate equations and analytical models often used to estimate groundwater cleanup rates typically underestimate cleanup times, with a major factor the flawed assumption of aquifer homogeneity. Numerical modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport is a time-intensive and costly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Estimating the fates of organic contaminants in an aquifer using QSAR

    The quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model, BIOWIN, was modified to more accurately estimate the fates of organic contaminants in an aquifer. The predictions from BIOWIN were modified to include oxidation and sorption effects. The predictive model therefore included the effects of sorption, biodegradation, and oxidation. A total of 35 organic compounds were used to validate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Method for remediation of aquifers

    The US Government has a paid-up license in this invention and the right in limited circumstances to require the patent owner to license others on reasonable terms as provided for by the terms of contract F41624-99 C-8033 awarded by the United States Air Force Material Command. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the InventionThis invention relates to the remediation of contaminated ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • pH and redox buffering systems of landfill leachate contaminated aquifer materials

    Introduction of landfill leachate into an aerobic aquifer leads to a variety of redox and pH buffering reactions between dissolved chemical species and aquifer sediments, which play profound effects on the behaviours of contaminants beneath and down gradient from the landfill. The specific objective of this study was to determine the spatial and temporal variations of pH and redox buffering ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TCE Remediation in Saprolite and Bedrock Aquifers

    Site Summary Subsurface investigations at this operating manufacturing facility revealed TCE contamination in saprolite and bedrock aquifers. The complicated site geology created the need for a remedial strategy effective in tight soil and fractured bedrock. Accelerated bioremediation using HRC was selected for a pilot study because its use offered a remedial method that would not interrupt ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Virus Transport Experiments in a Sandy Aquifer

    Abstract  The occurrence of human enteric viruses in ground water has been well documented in the literature. Bacteriophages such as MS-2 and PRD1 have properties similar to pathogenic human viruses suggesting that bacteriophages can be used as proxies for virus transport. The objective of this study is to investigate a “worst case scenario” for virus transport in a ground water aquifer, ...


  • A mixed-integer non-linear programming with surrogate model for optimal remediation design of NAPLs contaminated aquifer

    A mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) with surrogate model was introduced to derive the optimal surfactant enhanced aquifer remediation (SEAR) process (remediation cost minimisation and removal rate maximisation) at a nitrobenzene-contaminated site. First, a 3D multi-phase flow simulation model was developed to simulate the SEAR process; using a radial basis function artificial neural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In Situ Chemical Oxidation Remediation Pilot Study Of A Karst Bedrock Aquifer Contaminated With Chlorinated Solvents

    ABSTRACT A pilot study to evaluate an innovative in situ treatment technology was implemented at Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, for a limestone bedrock aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents. This technology destroys VOCs in groundwater, utilizing a network of injection points to deliver a solution of hydrogen peroxide (50%), catalysts, and surfactants. The ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • A GIS-based methodology to delineate aquifer recharge areas

    A GIS-based methodology to delineate risk areas for contamination of groundwater resources is presented by identifying recharge conditions to the aquifer. Identifying the recharge areas is based upon surface and subsurface geologic conditions that may control the risk of potential oil spill contaminants into the aquifer. This study uses the Chicot aquifer system in southwest Louisiana as a pilot ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • Comparison of Reducing Agents for Dechlorination in a Simulated Aquifer (PDF)

    A simulated aquifer system (Aquifer Simulation Vessel – ASV) was used to study the efficacy of various reducing agents to assist microbial dechlorination. The soil samples are homogenized and the soil is packed into 6.0-foot long tubes with an internal diameter of 5.75 inches. Flow rates can be calibrated for flow at 0.1 to 2.0 feet/day. The system has a volume of 2025.44 in3.  A solution of ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Answers to questions about oil waste in California aquifers

    California, the country's third-largest oil-producing state, has improperly given oil companies more than 2,500 permits to inject production fluids and oilfield waste into underground water supplies that are used for drinking water or irrigation, state records show. Nearly half of those disposal wells were approved or first started injections in the last four years under Gov. Jerry Brown, an ...


    By Associated Press

  • Natural background levels for chemicals in Icelandic aquifers

    Information about natural background levels (NBLs) of chemicals in source waters allows water utilities to identify trends in drinking water contamination. We estimate NBLs for chemicals in source waters for Icelandic water utilities at both national levels with all data pooled, and according to geological regime. NBLs were derived by collecting samples from 79 aquifers considered largely ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Dechlorination of TCE during Aquifer Heating

    Laboratory and field efforts were undertaken to examine trichloroethene (TCE) dechlorination as a function of temperature as an aquifer is heated to temperatures approaching boiling. Experiments were conducted using sediment samples and during electrical resistance heating (ERH) treatment at the East Gate Disposal Yard (Fort Lewis, Washington), which contains nonaqueous phase TCE and hydrocarbon ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Aquifers and hyporheic zones: Towards an ecological understanding of groundwater

    Ecological constraints in subsurface environments relate directly to groundwater flow, hydraulic conductivity, interstitial biogeochemistry, pore size, and hydrological linkages to adjacent aquifers and surface ecosystems. Groundwater ecology has evolved from a science describing the unique subterranean biota to its current form emphasising multidisciplinary studies that integrate hydrogeology ...


    By Springer

  • Field scale longitudinal dispersivities estimation in a karstic aquifer

    To simulate contaminant advective transport it is required to provide dispersivity values to the models, values that are unknown in many cases. In this paper a methodology is presented to estimate longitudinal dispersivities at field scale, based on the monitoring of groundwater quality at an unconfined aquifer that is below a waste disposal site with no liners for groundwater protection, and by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of water qualities and evidence of seawater intrusion in a deep confined aquifer: case of the coastal Djeffara aquifer (Southern Tunisia)

    Geochemical analyses of groundwater samples from the Djeffara confined aquifer (Southern Tunisia) were performed. The distribution of saline waters was investigated to identify the origin of the groundwater contamination. The aquifer was shown to be affected by an abnormal increase in groundwater salinity. Near the recharge zone, the groundwater salinity does not exceed 2.5 g l−1 but ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ANN-based approach for the estimation of aquifer pollutant source behaviour

    The problem of identifying an unknown pollution source in polluted aquifers, based on known contaminant concentration measurements, is part of the broader group of issues called inverse problems. This paper investigates the feasibility of solving the groundwater pollution inverse problem by using artificial neural networks (ANNs). The approach consists first in training an ANN to solve the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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