continuous flue gas monitoring Articles

  • An analysis of extinction coefficients of particles and water moisture in the stack after flue gas desulfurization at a coal-fired power plant

    Two important factors that affect in-stack opacity—light extinction by emitted particles and that by water moisture after a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) unit—are investigated. The mass light extinction coefficients for particles and water moisture, kp and kw, respectively, were determined using the Lambert-Beer law of opacity with a nonlinear least-squares regression method. The ...

  • Pollution monitoring in Cement Industry

    The rising use of waste based fuels in the cement industry, both for economic and Environmental objectives, combined with the strengthening of air emission regulations around the world is pushing many operators to face a wider list of pollutants to monitor this, with associated costs. The design of appropriate solutions meeting local regulation is the key to maximize the cost benefit of the fuel ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Continous Emission Monitoring (CEMs)

    Presented in Track B1: CEMs at EUEC 2011,January 31 Phoenix, Arizona   B1.1  | Particulate CEM for wet FGD plant William Averdieck |  Managing ...

  • Emission Testing and Monitoring

    Presented in Track B4: EMISSION TESTING & MONITORING at EUEC 2011, January 31 Phoenix, Arizona B4.1  | Update on PM2.5 and Condensable Particulate Matter Emissions Measurement Methods Larry Hottenstein |  Partner, Environmental Resources Management Following the promulgation of the PM2.5 ...

  • New laser-based dust emission monitoring system

    Abstract A new generation of continuous particulate matter concentration monitoring instruments is presented, covering a measuring range of 0 to 1000 mg/m3. The laser-based scattered light instrument gives an improved stability as well as excellent resolution in the low range. This enables high concentration measurement as well as especially low emission monitoring down to 0.01 mg/m3 with a ...


    By Sigrist-Photometer AG

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part II - Control options and monitoring methodology

     This the second in a two-part series. Part I, which appeared in our June 2001 issue focuses on air emission origins of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in non-utility industries. Choice of the NOx control technology is dependent on many factors, including regulatory requirements, technical feasibility, cost and public perception. Figure 1, compiled based on publications [1-5], presents a summary of ...


  • Development and Implementation of an Alternative Emissions Monitoring Program for Carbon Monoxide Compliance for Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit CO Boilers

    This paper presents the results of an alternative emissions monitoring test program for the Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) CO boilers at major oil refinery. Alternative emissions monitoring systems can be used in lieu of other compliance monitoring techniques (e.g., periodic emissions testing, continuous emissions monitoring) to relate monitored operating conditions which might indicate ...


    By Mostardi Platt Environmental

  • Development and Implementation of an Alternative Emissions Monitoring Program for Carbon Monoxide Compliance for Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit CO Boilers

    This paper presents the results of an alternative emissions monitoring test program for the Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) CO boilers at major oil refinery. Alternative emissions monitoring systems can be used in lieu of other compliance monitoring techniques (e.g., periodic emissions testing, continuous emissions monitoring) to relate monitored operating conditions which might indicate ...


    By Mostardi Platt Environmental

  • `Evaluation of Strategies for Mercury MACT Compliance,` presented at the Coal-Gen 2004 conference

    Introduction On December 15,2003, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) proposed a rule with two alternatives to permanently reduce mercury (Hg) emissions from power plants. Under one alternative, which is the focus of this paper, the utilities would install controls known as Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT) under section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • EVALUATION OF STRATEGIES FOR MERCURY MACT COMPLIANCE

    On December 15, 2003, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) proposed a rule with two alternatives to permanently reduce mercury (Hg) emissions from power plants. Under one alternative, which is the focus of this paper, the utilities would install controls known as Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT) under section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). The proposed rule ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • OTM 17: Determination of Metal Concentrations Using Filters and Solid Sorbents in XRF Analyisis case study

    Eli Lilly and Company (Lilly) operates a waste incineration system located at the Tippecanoe Laboratories in Lafayette, Indiana. This incinerator system includes an Xact multi-metals continuous emissions monitoring system (Xact-CEMS, manufactured by Cooper Environmental Services, LLC) for demonstrating attainment with the Hazardous Waste Combustor MACT for semi-volatile metals, low-volatile ...


    By Cooper Environmental

  • Case study - JJO wood waste – biomass

    A UK leading producer of kitchens and bathroom furniture invest in the future of no costs for the disposal of wood waste and no oil or gas bills for heating of the total company site premises. J J O PLC – manufacturer of Colonial Kitchens, Colonial Bedrooms, eco Kitchens and eco Bathrooms. Founded over 100 years ago and now the leading supplier to many of the best outlets within the ...


    By Mawera (UK) Ltd

  • Wasting energy through steam loss

    The European Union Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings, which relates to all member nations of the European Union, are obliged to set limits on greenhouse gas emissions, particularly from buildings. Typically steam is used for a wide range of applications within larger establishments including, humidification, hot water, space heating and air heating.  Primary energy losses in ...

  • Navigating NSPS subpart Db for boilers: a case study

    Over the past year, Trinity assisted a chemical company with the permitting and installation of a new 220 MMBtu/hr package boiler. The new natural gas-fired boiler replaces coal-fired units that were installed in the 1940s. Navigating through the numerous, and at times conflicting, regulatory requirements applicable to such a unit has been challenging. With careful planning and implementation, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Modest Growth for Air Pollution Control Market

    The Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 created a wave of optimism in the air pollution control (APC) business. The subsequent decade, however, resulted in backwash of disappointment for APC companies as the market for stationary source equipment declined from 1-4% per year from 1993-1998. Growth returned to the APC market, however, with 1999 and 2000 characterized as 'good' years by the Institute ...

  • Facilitating compliance with consent decree requirements using an EMIS

    In late 2008, T3, a division of Trinity Consultants, developed an environmental management information system (EMIS) to manage “near real-time” emissions data at a petroleum refinery. The system is designed to support Consent Decree requirements for compliance demonstrations with air quality regulations at the facility. Functionality delivered includes advanced data gathering, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Glass Manufacturing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Efficient steam production in paper mills

    The paper and pulp industry is an energy and emission intensive industry. Steam is an essential part of the paper making process with steam boilers, steam distribution systems and other processes accounting for a large percentage of a paper mill’s energy costs. Useful energy is often lost from boilers and process equipment such as heat exchangers, dryers, evaporators etc, as well as from ...

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