continuous measurement water Articles

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Why Interactive Ultrasonic Programs are Important to Effectively Control Algae

    Many different algal types can bloom in a water body. Some of these algae are plant cells, while others are bacteria. Algae may vary in size, shape and cell characteristics. Typically, the type of algae that blooms depends on water temperature and sun hours. As a result, algal types may change several times during a season. To effectively  ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Continuous Level Measurement: Magnets To Float Your Boat

    Let’s be honest with each other. (It’s ok, we’re all friends here, right?) When you think of continuous liquid level measurement, magnetic float level sensors aren’t the first thing you think of. And when you do think of them, your first instinct isn’t “Hey! That’s the perfect sensor technology for this job!” It’s ok, you’re not alone. ...

  • Continuous water quality monitoring on Kolubara River

    The first automated station for water quality monitoring located in Beli Brod on the Kolubara river has launched on July 2008. The station was established as the result of RHMSS participation in Twinning project financed by EU, where RHMSS was entrusted with the Component 2 of this project. Installed equipment continually records values of water level, temperature, pH, electroconductivity and ...

  • Strategic security measures for water infrastructure

    As the 10th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 (9/11) attacks is fast approaching, the United States (U.S.) has no definite information of terror threat.  According to the systematic approaches of risk assessment and concise intelligence analysis presented in the book entitled, "Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security" (hereafter, the "RAWISS book"), the terrorists ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New Process Gas Analyzer for the Measurement of Water Vapor

    KEYWORDS TDLAS, WMS, Laser Spectroscopy, Water Vapor Measurement, Gas Analyzer ABSTRACT A new analyzer for the measurement of water vapor concentration based on Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) was developed. The water-vapor line at 1854-nm was selected for the measurement, and the performance of the system was evaluated on different ...

  • Using FTIR spectroscopy to measure hydrocarbon pollution in water

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s 2015 Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water report almost 700 million people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water [1]. Poor water quality is beginning to return to the developed world too. The strain of population growth, intensified agricultural practices and continued industrial expansion have are ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Ultrasonic depth sensor to measure water levels

    The Dutch algae control company LG Sonic introduced an ultrasonic depth sensor to give the customers real-time insight in the water levels which allows them to adequately deal with water level fluctuations. Reservoirs used for industrial processes or the production of drinking water often deal with strong water level fluctuations. Due to events of high demand and evaporation, water levels in ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Ultrapure water – The standard for resistivity measurements of Ultrapure water - Case Study

    Abstract For years, resistivity/conductivity2 instrumentation has been used as a reliable indicator of ionic water quality, especially for ultrapure water (UPW). Traditionally, the instrumentation is procured, installed, powered up, and perhaps connected to a PLC, strip chart recorder, or a LAN. After that, the instrument and sensor receive no attention until a problem arises. Today, ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • ppb Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) measurement is one indicator of water quality because oxygen is a common element contributing to corrosion reactions. This corrosion reaction provides the need for low level D.O. control since dissolved oxygen is responsible for costly replacement of piping and equipment by corrosive attack on metah. what is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved axygan (D.O.f is the ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Case study - Continuous discharge monitoring in Mecklenburg - Germany

    The Wallensteingraben was originally constructed as a channel and is almost 20 km long. In the context of implementing the European Water Framework Directive, goals include improving ecological passability. At the same time a measurement site for the continuous monitoring of discharge quantities was installed.  Products used include OTT SLD, OTT CBS and OTT LogoSens. Monitoring ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Flow Measurement in the Cold

    Measuring flow can be a very delicate process depending on the needs of your operation. For instance, measuring flow in cold weather locations is an extremely difficult task. When outdoor temperatures are near or below freezing, it makes it nearly impossible to measure flow as you would in normal circumstances, meaning you must find alternative solutions so that your operation continues to have ...


    By TRACOM Inc.

  • Radar measurement in the North Sea

    Background / Task The NLWKN operates the barrier in the inland waterway of the river Ems. They are working with a dense monitoringnetwork which is required e.g. for the preservation of evidence in case of blocks for the protection against storm tides or if the water depth has to be increased to make the Ems navigable for big vessels coming from the dockyard. After an average a new radar ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Flood Resilience Measures

    Flood risk management is a top priority, exacerbated by the perception that flood risk has increased during the last two decades in many regions. There are two hypotheses for such changing patterns: Changes in climate, e.g. the sequencing of extreme wet and dry periods, leading to a greater magnitude and/or frequency of hydrological extremes (Huntington 2006); and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Guide to Measuring Particles in Oil

    Particle counting is a critical aspect of any machine conditioning program and there are many tools out there available to monitor and track the quantity and severity of the contamination, be it due to external contamination or machine wear. The ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Innovative Multi-Media Filter – Continuous Backwash Filter

    The disadvantages of conventional MMF based pretreatment Conventional pretreatment is based on multimedia filters (MMF) implemented in large scale desalination plants. Although this filtration method is well proven and provides reliable filtration efficiency, it conceals an inherent drawback, the disadvantages of which relate mainly to the backwashing mechanism. The ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Continuous Improvement in Automotive Manufacturing: Hendersons Automotive Group

    Cleaner production measures introduced in 1992 by Hendersons Automotive Group have resulted in annual savings of $270,000. The measures cost a total of $309,000, and paid for themselves in only 18 months after implementation. The biggest investment of $235,000 involved the commissioning of a seat slide pre-treatment system, while the others were good housekeeping measures which have helped raise ...


  • Quantification of sewer leakage by a continuous tracer method

    Water authorities interested in the evaluation of the structural state of a sewer must quantify leakage to plan strategic intervention. However, the quantification of the exfiltration and the localisation of structural damage are challenging tasks that usually require expensive and time-consuming inspections. Herein, we report one of the first applications of the QUEST-C method to quantify the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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