conventional activated sludge system Articles

  • Sewage treatment plant

    BONO ARTES has developed an activated sludge process called BIOCLAR, which is a great technological step forwards compared to conventional methods. A large part of civil and industrial installations, especially in developing countries, is located in remote and secluded areas where there is no possibility for connection to a public sewer. On the other hand, the minimisation of the impact on the ...


    By Artes Ingegneria SpA

  • Recycle/Reuse Based Effluent Treatment Plant - Textile Mills - Pakistan

    Setting trends in water resource management for Textile Waste Water Treatment with MBR Technology W.O.G Group became the trend-setter in water resource management through 5.5 MLD recycle/reuse based effluent treatment plant.   PREVIOUS TREATMENT METRICS: Effluent treatment capacity: 2500 m3/day Treated effluent quality: As per local discharge ...


    By WOG Group

  • Wastewater treatment process impact on energy savings and greenhouse gas emissions

    The objective of this research was to assess the energy consumption of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), to apply a mathematical model to evaluate their carbon footprint, and to propose energy saving strategies that can be implemented to reduce both energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Greece. The survey was focused on 10 WWTPs in Greece with a treatment capacity ranging ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of pre-treatment technologies on soil aquifer treatment

    This study investigates the impact of pre-treatment options on the performances of soil columns simulating soil aquifer treatment (SAT). For this purpose a conventional activated sludge (CAS) process, a membrane bioreactor (MBR) and vertical flow reed beds were used as single units or in combination before SAT. The influent and effluent from each treatment train were monitored over three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical wastewater treatment applying a membrane bioreactor (MBR)

    IntroductionAt the current time Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) are the primary focus of wastewater treatment technologies. MBR is a combination of biological activated sludge process for the removal of nutrients and a membrane filtration for separation of biomass and treated water. In industrial wastewater treatment MBRs have proven to be a particularly reliable technique [Cornel et al., 2006]. The ...


    By MICRODYN-NADIR

  • Ship repair company case study

    The Problem: One of the largest ship repair company’s existing wastewater treatment plant was overloaded and undersized to effectively treat the wastewater pumped to the facility from Cruise Liners being repaired by the shipyard. The Solution:  BioprocessH2O supplied an equipment package to retrofit ...


    By BioprocessH2O

  • WWTP Marines, Spain upgrading a municipal WWTP using AGAR® technology A Case Study

    Case Study: Municipal plantStart up: May 2007Capacity: 380 m3/d Abstract In view of EU directives for effluent discharge, it was required to upgrade the local sewage plant in the town of Marines, Valencia (Spain). The technology chosen for the project was AGAR® (Attached Growth Airlift Rector) of AqWise - Wise Water Technologies Ltd. La Entidad Pública de ...

  • Newtown Creek Demonstration Project Wet Weather Operating Strategies

     ABSTRACT In 2004, the Newtown Creek Wastewater Treatment plant, designed for 310 mgd average daily flow (ADF) was operating under an interim permit with new secondary treatment permit limits scheduled to go into effect in January 2008. The facility is currently undergoing a plant-wide upgrade that includes increasing the biological treatment facilities by 50% (from two to three ...

  • Quantification of kinetic parameters for heterotrophic bacteria via respirometry in a hybrid reactor

    Over the last decade new technologies are emerging even more for wastewater treatment. Among the new technologies, a recent possible solution regards Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors (MBBRs) that represent an effective alternative to conventional processes. More specifically such systems consist in the introduction of plastic elements inside the aerobic reactor as carrier material for the growth of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reinvent the toilet: the NUS experience of building a decentralized toilet for energy, water and resource recovery

    In conventional activated sludge (CAS) treatment of sewage, the pollutants are mostly dissipated and hardly any reuse is present. This makes wastewater treatment very energy intensive and not sustainable in the future. Instead, sewage should be considered as a renewable resource, from which value can be extracted in the form of water, energy and nutrients (mostly nitrogen, N, phosphorus, P and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start-up of membrane bioreactor and hybrid moving bed biofilm reactor–membrane bioreactor: kinetic study

    A hybrid moving bed biofilm reactor–membrane bioreactor (hybrid MBBR-MBR) system was studied as an alternative solution to conventional activated sludge processes and membrane bioreactors. This paper shows the results obtained from three laboratory-scale wastewater treatment plants working in parallel in the start-up and steady states. The first wastewater treatment plant was a MBR, the second ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Central Kitsap (USA) Municipal WWTP - Case Study

    Number of Tanks: 4 Total Volume: 13,080 m³ Water Depth: 4.75 m SOTR Standard Oxygen Transfer Rate: 1,240 kgO2/h Total Airflow: 10,800 Nm3/h Total AEROSTRIP® Diffusers: 1,214 The Central Kitsap facility started operations in 1979 as a conventional activated sludge ...


    By Aquaconsult Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Energy performance indicators of wastewater treatment: a field study with 17 Portuguese plants

    The energy costs usually represent the second largest part of the running costs of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). It is therefore crucial to increase the energy efficiency of these infrastructures and to implement energy management systems, where quantitative performance metrics, such as performance indicators (PIs), play a key role. This paper presents energy PIs which cover the unit ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optical DO Sensors Opening Doors to Online Aeration Control

    BACKGROUNDThe benefits of using online, automated control of aeration systems using dissolved oxygen (DO) sensors are well known in the industry and have been widely documented (e.g. Olsson et al, 2005). In most wastewater treatment facilities using activated sludge, the electricity provided to the aeration system is one of the most significant operating costs and a good control system can help ...

  • Cold Weather Nitrification of Lagood Effluent Using a Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) Treatment Process

    ABSTRACTSince 2000, the population at Johnstown, Colorado has increased over 22%, and shows no signs of slowing down. Faced with more residents and impending year round ammonia limits, the Town of Johnstown was forced to upgrade their wastewater treatment facility. The existing treatment facility in Johnstown consisted of three lagoons, whose main purpose was to achieve settling of total ...

  • Selection pressure theory for aerobic granulation – an overview

    Aerobic granulation technology is an improvement over conventional activated sludge process, where cell-to-cell interactions lead to the formation of stable granules with excellent settleability. Selection pressures are the factors that can strongly influence the formation and growth of aerobic granules. Settling time and the volume exchange ratio (VER) will decide how long the bioparticles ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study: Pulp & paper industry

    OverviewThe paper mill at Valdivia produces card board from chemical and mechanical pulp. With the installation of an additional paper machine, the wastewater flow increased from 4,000 m3/d to 8,500 m3/d and therefore an extension of the existing wastewater treatment plant was required. RequirementSo far, the existing effluent treatment plant consisted of a primary ...

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • What are Distributed States and When are they Important? New Strategies to Improve EBPR Performance

    ABSTRACTComputer simulation of activated sludge processes is a critical tool for design, operation, and troubleshooting, but simulating enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) systems has proven to be particularly challenging. This may be due in part to uncertainties in biokinetic models, but new research suggests it may also be due to deficiencies in conventional “lumped state” approaches ...

  • Anaerobic sewage treatment technology in Latin America: a selection of 20 years of experiences

    From the early introduction of Anaerobic Sewage Treatment, AST, technology to Latin America 20 years ago to now, the technology has become a viable alternative to provide affordable sanitation to the region. The engineering community has learned to identify and manage the main risks factors of the technology, namely: odor emissions, material corrosion, scum removal and low treatment performance ...

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