converting hydrocarbon-rich feedstock Articles

  • Process analytics in vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plants – Case Study

    Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), made from ethylene and chlorine by pyrolysis, is the feedstock for the production of the very common plastic material PVC. Modern VCM plants use integrated processes, combining endothermic and exothermic reactions in an almost energy balanced operation. Plants optimize the product quality, plant safety and cost efficiency by using advanced process control equipment ...

  • Zeolite catalysed light hydrocarbon conversions

    Availability of light alkane containing feedstocks in petroleum industry demands the catalysts and conversion processes. Two zeolites, ZSM-5 and Mordenite were used for the preparation of a series of catalysts for the conversion of pure light hydrocarbons and industrial feedstocks. Cracking and aromatisation activity of the H-ZSM-5 catalysts varied with the catalyst properties and feed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FAQ About Plasma Arc Gasfication Process from Plasma Waste Recycling, Inc (PWR)

    What is Municipal Solid Waste? Municipal solid waste (MSW)—more commonly known as trash or garbage—consists of everyday items such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint and batteries. It does not contain industrial, hazardous, or construction waste. Since 1980, the total annual volume of MSW generated in the U.S. has ...


  • Advanced, integrated systems meet the challenges of commercial-scale operation

    Technological frontiers in die alternative energy industry continue to widen in countries around the globe. As such, die exploitation of biomass as a source of energy has become die fastest-growing sector among a growing roster of energy solutions. Today, more energy is produced from various forms of biomass dian from all wind, solar and geodicrmal applications combined. Much of die excitement ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Process analytics in gas-to-liquid (GTL) plants – Case Study

    NG, FT and GTL Natural Gas (NG) is a vital component of the world's supply of energy. It is one of the cleanest, safest, and most useful of all energy sources. NG is colorless, shapeless, and odorless in its pure form. It is combustible, and when burned it emits lower levels of potentially harmful byproducts into the air than other fuels. NG is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases. While it ...

  • Control VOC`s in Refinery Wastewater

    Oil and water do not mix, like many of life’s one-liners this statement is basically true but not the whole story. Many hydrocarbon liquids, particularly aromatics, have significant solubilities in water: Benzene 1800 PPMVToluene 470Ethyl Benzene 150Xylenes 150 Petroleum refineries do not like salts in their feedstock since these corrode and foul process equipment. The first refining step is ...


    By AMCEC Inc.

  • Real-time O2 monitoring in VCM plants using the In-situ laser gas analyzer – Case Study

    Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Vinyl Chloride Monomer is a colorless, flammable gas. It is of very great importance as feedstock in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), one of the world´s most versatile thermoplastics. Originally, acetylene has been used as feedstock for VCM production but was replaced stepwise by the inexpensive ethylene. Complete changeover to almost ...

  • Emerging Waste Conversion Technologies

    Today, people and companies are more aware and concerned about the environment than ever before. Everyone is looking for ways to reduce waste or convert organic waste into something more useful. The Federal Government has introduced a renewable energy policy and is continuing to fund for new waste conversion technology. It is now important for local governments to portray their cities and towns ...

  • Ethanol by-product raises biogas output

    In 2007, the City of Fergus Falls, Minnesota undertook a study to evaluate adding thick corn stillage to the anaerobic digesters at its wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The goal was to determine the potential for codigesting syrup with biosolids to increase biogas production, while avoiding operational and regulatory problems. The Fergus Falls WWTP operates three digesters in series, two ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Plasma gasification: Harnessing the power of lightning

    Plasma gasification is both a high-tech solution to the problem of waste management and a source of renewable power. The technology has great potential, but can it move from the fringes to the mainstream? The name "plasma gasification" conjures up images of men in lab coats late at night, investigating a far-flung corner of science that is light years away from commercial readiness. In reality it ...


  • Hydro Polymers: Searching for a More Sustainable PVC

    Over the last five years, the European PVC industry has been forced to reassess the environmental impact of its products in the face of continuing pressure from environmental groups, governments and end users. Hydro Polymers, one of two PVC manufacturers in the UK, is forging ahead of its competitors through a partnership with sustainability consultancy The Natural Step. The company is launching ...

  • Oil refinery vapour gas case study

    1.0 Evaluation of Refinery Gases Various refinery gases are generated in the process of oil refining. These vary, depending upon the type of crude oil being distilled, such as Reduced Crude distillation, or Naphtha cracker. For the purposes of this case study the description and range of refinery gases are those gases produced from refining Crude Oil and Reduced Crude only. Crude ...

  • Renewable Energy Companies Continue Their Surge

    Firms make use of Renewable Portfolio Standards, farm-to-fuel investments and availability in lower-cost feedstocks to achieve better results.   THE FARM-TO-FUEL Investment Act was ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The number one thing each of us can do to protect biodiversity

    Reducing our consumption of animal products can go a long way toward conserving endangered habitat around the world. Agriculture expansion is the leading driver of natural habitat loss worldwide. However, most of this growth is not to produce vegetables, fruits or grains to be eaten by people. Ecosystems are destroyed overwhelmingly to feed livestock. Livestock production ...


    By Ensia

  • Harnessing The Power Of Microbes

    University researchers are advancing both the understanding and scalability of a biological process where bacteria living under anaerobic conditions consume organic waste and generate electrons and protons that are tapped for electricity production.IMAGINE a self-sustaining battery that never runs out of juice. While the notion may sound far-fetched, Dr. Leonard Tender at the Naval Research ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • How did palm oil become such a problem — and what can we do about it?

    Production of this ubiquitous ingredient is devastating for the environment. Solutions are complex, but they are out there. Last August, from the window of a jet high over Sumatra, I counted nearly a dozen plumes of smoke rising from the vast jungles and plantations below. Some more than a half-mile wide, they looked like pillars holding up the sky. That week the ...


    By Ensia

  • Mixed MSW composting in transition

    WITHOUT a doubt, composting the mixed municipal solid waste stream is a “niche” business. It is an MSW management option that seems to be viable in very specific situations. In some instances, these plants were built to service tourist destinations, often in somewhat rural areas where recycling is difficult and landfills are distant. In several other cases, public agencies built plants to extend ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Treatment Options for Molten Sulfur Storage

    Documento sin título ...


    By Merichem Company

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