core soil sampling Articles

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • Soil Sampling Protocol to Certify the Changes of Organic Carbon Stock in Mineral Soils of European Union - Version 2

    The study of the soil has always represented a challenge for the scientific community. Soil forms a continuum in space, so that classification is often difficult. Soil has a vertical dimension (depth), but many characteristics are not being visible from the surface. Its properties vary very slowly over time, so that changes are difficult to detect. The study of soil heavily depends on the ...


  • Small-increment electric soil sampler

    Measurement of soil bulk density and volumetric water content in small (2-cm) depth increments is tedious and time consuming. Most methods require compositing several subsamples to control measurement error, and few are feasible with loose, dry soils. We developed and tested a sampler that uses an electric linear actuator to push an intact soil core out of the sampling tube. The soil core is ...

  • Spoil, rubble and a soil-tar mix

    National Grid and Wales and West Utilities recently completed their first joint remediation project at the Aberaman Gasworks following the sale of the Wales and south west of England gas network in 2005. Here Scott Lewis from National Grid and Ashley Griffiths from Wales and West Utilities explain the challenges and processes. The project was undertaken using a stabilisation and solidification ...


    By Newzeye Ltd

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • A method for measuring saturated hydraulic conductivity in Anisotropic soils

    Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is an important soil parameter that is difficult to measure, especially in an anisotropic medium. Many methods for determining Ks have been developed over time, but taking different water flow directions into consideration is possible in only a few of them; furthermore, these few methods cannot be universally applied. The method proposed here allows Ks to be ...

  • Deep soil mixing at the Jackson Lake Dam

    Abstract: The Jackson Lake Dam was constructed in 1917 in the Grand Teton National Park near Jackson, Wyoming. The dam was a hydraulic fill placed on a natural alluvium and outwash foundation. The Bureau of Reclamation (Burec) determined that the dam and its foundation would be susceptible to liquefaction and failure during a potential earthquake; a series of contracts was let to remove and ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Heavy metals in urban soils of Xuzhou (China), Part I: total concentration of heavy metals in soils

    Concentrations of Hg, As, Cd, Se, Sb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, Ag, Sn, Cr, Sc, Ba, Li, Bi and V were measured in 21 topsoil samples collected from the city of Xuzhou (China). Lead, Zn, Cd, As, Hg, Sb, Cu, Sn, Ag, Se and Bi have been found to be enriched in the topsoils with respect to the background values of Xuzhou, while Sc, Ba, Li, V, Ni and Cr are nearly in the normal concentration range. These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Validation of a New Method for Screening Soil and Water for TCE Contamination

    INTRODUCTION ASTM Method D 7203-06, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Media Using a Heated Diode Sensor, (ASTM 2006) can be used to screen a sample of soil or water known to contain the halogenated volatile organic compound (HVOC) TCE. The method calls for measuring the TCE concentration in the headspace above the sample using a heated diode sensor ...

  • Phosphorus and greenhouse gas dynamics in a drained calcareous wetland soil in Minnesota

    Received for publication September 15, 2008. Restoration of wetland hydrology can produce ecological benefits but may have unintended consequences. We examined effects of altered water level on release of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) and greenhouse gases (GHG) in soil cores from a marsh being evaluated for restoration. We also measured field concentrations of DRP and other constituents in ...

  • Decadal changes in Potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium in a deciduous forest soil

    Decadal changes in soil exchangeable K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ concentrations and contents from 1972 to 2004 in eight intensively monitored plots on Walker Branch Watershed were compared with estimates of increments or decrements in vegetation and detritus. The results from these eight plots compared favorably with those from a more extensive set from 24 soil sampling plots sampled in 1972 and 2004. ...

  • Quantifying soil surface photolysis under conditions simulating water movement in the field: A new laboratory test design

    Soil surface photolysis can be a significant dissipation pathway for agrochemicals under field conditions, although it is assumed that such degradation ceases once the agrochemical is transported away from the surface following rainfall/irrigation and subsequent drainage of soil pore water. However, as both downward and upward water movement occurs under field conditions, relatively mobile ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Comparing Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) To Laboratory Analysis Of Heavy Metals In Soil

    ABSTRACT Field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) continues to gain acceptance as a complement to traditional laboratory testing of metal contaminated soil. The quality of data produced by field XRF varies with site conditions, soil composition, and sample preparation. Quality assurance protocols for the field method usually require that a number of field samples be split and sent to a ...

  • Field Screening Methods for the Presence of DNAPL, Superfund Site, southern California

    Characterizing the lateral and vertical extent at a Dense Non Aqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) impacted site can prove to be a challenging task. Field methods employed to verify the presence of DNAPL have included the use of down-hole Ultraviolet Induced Florescence technologies, the application of down-hole detection materials such as dye impregnated fabrics, and the installation of monitor wells ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Subsurface movement of zinc from contaminated dredge spoils at a periodically flooded site

    In 1982, sediments contaminated with zinc, cadmium, and copper were dredged from Lake DePue in Illinois and deposited in a diked sediment disposal area (DSDA) that is flooded annually for at least three months. Data from soil and groundwater samples collected at multiple depths within and adjacent to the DSDA indicate vertical movement of the metals in the subsurface, although groundwater outside ...


    By Springer

  • ASC Tech Services

    Environmental contamination is risky business, to access risk, high-tech and unique geophysical site characterization methods can be employed. By utilizing these high tech gadgets that describe the ground and detail exactly what can’t be seen. Just like the Silicon Valley, new methods have surfaced and now more than ever it is easy to characterize the subsurface using direct push tools. ...


    By ASC Tech Services

  • Assessing Frost Damage in Compacted Clay Liners

    Methods used to assess frost damage (here defined as a large increase in hydraulic conductivity) in compacted clay liners are reviewed and evaluated using data collected from two test pads that were instrumented and then exposed to winter weather. The methods include comparisons of measurements of either water content and dry unit weight or hydraulic conductivity made before and after winter ...


    By ASTM International

  • WinLims for environmental laboratories

    There are many different types of environmental laboratories testing diverse and varied samples, such as soils, waters, effluents, emissions, micro swabs, etc. A large proportion of these laboratories operate on a contract basis servicing numerous client companies, whilst others would be internal laboratories providing environmental analysis for the company site or group sites. To be able to ...

  • Tracking the fate of ancient carbon in the Siberian Arctic

    The Siberian Arctic is one of the most remote and pristine corners of the planet. During the brief summer season, temperatures can climb into the 90s Fahrenheit, and the seemingly endless expanse of boreal forest — or taiga — and tundra explodes with plant and animal life. Every summer since 2008, R. Max Holmes and colleagues from the Woods Hole Research Center have brought a growing ...


    By Ensia

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