corona discharge Articles

  • Pulsed corona discharge for degradation of aqueous humic substances

    The research into oxidation of aqueous humic substances (HS) with pulsed corona discharge (PCD) was undertaken to estimate the energy efficiency of the treatment. The PCD system consists of a voltage pulse generator and reactor, in which the gas-phase discharge generating OH radicals and ozone treats the water showered between electrodes. The influence of HS initial concentration, pulse ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pulsed corona discharge: the role of ozone and hydroxyl radical in aqueous pollutants oxidation

    Ozone and hydroxyl radical are the most active oxidizing species in water treated with gas-phase pulsed corona discharge (PCD). The ratio of the species dependent on the gas phase composition and treated water contact surface was the objective for the experimental research undertaken for aqueous phenol (fast reaction) and oxalic acid (slow reaction) solutions. The experiments were carried out in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characteristics of atomic oxygen produced by a pulsed streamer corona discharge

    Various active species can be formed by a pulsed discharge in water, and these active species may play an important role in killing bacteria and degrading organic compounds. In recent years, interest in the formation of OH, O3 and H2O2 has grown enormously. The O is also a very powerful oxidant, but little research has been done on the oxygen radical. In this paper, production of atomic oxygen by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phenol degradation kinetic property in coking wastewater with pulse corona

    The degradation kinetics of phenol in coking wastewater and the effect of electrode parameters on phenol's removal ratio in pulse corona discharge were investigated with experiments and theoretical analysis. The result showed that Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biochemical Oxygen Demand after five days (BOD5) in the wastewater increased in the initial step, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Robust corona-electrostatic separation method for solid waste recycling

    The objective was to reduce variation in the outcome of a corona-electrostatic separation process for solid waste recycling by finding operating conditions (high-voltage level, roll speed, splitter position) under which uncontrollable variation in 'noise factors' (ambient humidity, metal content in the feed) has minimal impact on the quantity and the quality of the recovered products. The samples ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nonthermal plasma reactors and plasma chemistry

    The main goal of this paper is focused in reviewing the last 22 years of the use of nonthermal plasma reactors as alternative technologies for the treatment of residual fluid substances, regarding the destruction of hazardous compounds or the synthesis of other valuable compounds. The electrical discharge processing has emerged as alternative plasma-based technologies. Electrical discharges can ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemistries of Ozone for Municipal Pool and Spa Water Treatment

    Ozone generated by ultraviolet (UV) radiation is used in North America for treating (mostly residential) spa and pool waters almost exclusively, while only a handful of North American municipal pools and spas are using ozone generated by corona discharge technology in accordance with well–established German teachings. On the other hand, several thousand European municipal swimming pools and ...


    By Absolute Systems Inc.

  • What is an Electret?

    Electret is a counter term of magnet. A magnet is a ferrous material that possesses a quasi-permanent internal and external magnetic field. An electret is a dielectric material that possesses a quasi-permanent internal and external electric field. There are natural electrets such as quartz and biomaterials. Artificial electrets are made by polarization, penetration of ion and electron beams, ...

  • CFD modelling of electrohydrodynamic gas flow in an electrostatic precipitator

    Modelling of the flow velocity fields for electrohydrodynamic flow in a wire-to-plate type electrostatic precipitator was achieved. From calculations for the flow employing different flow models, the Chen-Kim k − ε turbulent model appeared to be the most appropriate choice to obtain a quantitative image of the resulting mean flow field and downstream wake flow of the rear wire, although this was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - WESPs: Securing a cleaner future for power-generating facilities

    This article explains why wet electrostatic precipitators remain a viable technology for dealing with today's increasingly stringent compliance issues. Despite recent, recession-related volatility in both power generation and consumption, industry analysts expect a resumption of long-term growth trends as continued global demand for energy — in both developed and developing nations ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Controlling acid gas mists

    Gas cleaning New and strict pollution regulations in metallurgical plants worldwide are restricting particulate and acid gas emissions to extremely low levels. Because of that, sulphuric acid plants are being installed to remove and utilise S02 in gases resulting from the roasting of sulphide ores, smelting of ores, and burning or regeneration of spent acid or acid sludge from ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study - Wet electrostatic precipitators offer cost-effective solution for HZL

    An array of complex air pollution issues places the metallurgical industry among the largest potential sources of pollutants, and one of the most tightly regulated industrial sectors. One fully integrated, nonferrous metal producer in India, however, is demonstrating that a company with a determined commitment to environmental protection, energy efficiency and sustainability can succeed in ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study - Beltran WESPs deliver superior gas cleaning performance for Zambia’s fast-growing copper industry

    The central importance of copper production to the Zambian economy is reflected in the fact that the value of copper exports in 2010, about $5.8 billion, accounted for 78 percent of the country’s total merchandise export earnings, and helped make it the seventh largest producer in the world. Capitalizing on a worldwide surge in copper prices and the coincident privatization of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Innovative wet electrostatic precipitators assure competitive edge in acid marketplace

    The unsteady global economic recovery continues to subject many core industries to persistent volatility in profits, prices, markets and capital investments. However, some analysts remain optimistic about the global international trade in sulfur in all forms, particularly sulfuric acid. This versatile mineral acid is both the world’s most widely used chemical, and the one with the highest ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Advanced WESP designs assure superior gas cleaning performance

    Nowadays, many industries are facing formidable environmental challenges and there is a growing need for effective, economical gas cleaning and air pollution control equipment. Michael Beltran of Beltran Technologies, Inc. reports on a renewed interest in high-efficiency wet electrostatic precipitators (WESPs) and discusses their importance for controlling sulphuric acid mists and other ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • WESPS continue to deliver

    Compliance with the increasingly stringent air pollution regulations of recent years is not the only reason forwardthinking industry leaders are adopting more sophisticated gas cleaning and air pollution control strategies. The desire to achieve higher performance efficiencies, control costs in a competitive marketplace, and stay ahead of the regulatory compliance curve is another driver of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study - AngloGold Ashanti chooses Beltran WESP

    AngloGold Ashanti Brasil Mineracao is a leading producer of gold in the world. AngloGold was working on production plans for the Cuiaba Gold Mining Expansion Project located at Nova Lima, Minas Gerasis. The plant's production capacity is projected to be equivalent to 400 metric tons of sulfuric acid per day. The Promon Company worked on the design, procurement, construction and assembly services ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study - Rockwood Pigments chooses Beltran System

    Rockwood Pigments, a global manufacturer of pigment products, has chosen a wet electrostatic precipitator (WESP) system engineered by Beltran Technologies, Inc.. to clean process gas streams before entering a sulfuric acid plant at its Easton, Pa., manufacturing facilities. Rockwood is the world's second laraest manufacturer of iron oxide and other inorganic color pigments used by paint and ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • The Beltran biomass cogeneration system

    An effective, economical solution for harvesting safe, renewable domestic energy, mitigating wastes and achieving environmental goals. Background The Beltran Biomass Cogeneration System (BBCS) is an integrated, three-stage process that uses proprietary gasification technology to convert biomass and other organic wastes into versatile, cleanburning synthesis gas. The purified ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

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