critical infrastructure Articles

  • Protection of the Dutch critical infrastructures

    Societies are increasingly dependent on a set of critical products and services which comprise the Critical Infrastructure (CI). Using a methodological approach, The Netherlands determined its critical products and service and analysed the critical dependencies. The relative importance of a critical product or service was determined based upon both its importance for other critical products and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Systemic determination of infrastructure criticality

    The aim of critical infrastructure (CI) research efforts is to develop strategies to protect infrastructure systems by reducing hazards, risks, and threats from natural and manmade events. Given that no nation has unlimited resources, the current trend is to prioritise infrastructures so that the most 'critical' infrastructure systems are given priority in terms of resources. An extensive ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Extensible threat taxonomy for critical infrastructures

    The European Union-sponsored project Vital Infrastructure Threats and Assurance (VITA) has the objective of exploring and showing new paths in Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) R&D. This paper describes one of VITA's results: the idea and the development of a novel extensible and generic threat taxonomy for Critical Infrastructures (CIs). Over 300 threats have been categorised. The threat ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation of heterogeneous and interdependent critical infrastructures

    In this paper, a simulation tool specifically designed for the analysis of heterogeneous and (inter)dependent infrastructures is proposed. The simulator, named Critical Infrastructure Simulation by Interdependent Agents (CISIA), adopts a modular and sufficiently abstract representation of the different infrastructures' components to allow consistent descriptions, starting from the incomplete and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergent information security in critical infrastructures

    The growing tendency to inter-weaving infrastructures makes them more complex, less manageable, and more vulnerable to random system failures. Several information systems are usually added to manage and control such infrastructures. However, in this internet era these information infrastructures have increasingly become the targets of sophisticated (denial of service) attacks, which cause random ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced trust negotiations in critical infrastructures

    Modern Critical Infrastructures (CIs) (power grids, power plants, gas and oil pipelines, etc.) are strongly interconnected at the national and international levels nowadays. The failure of one of them can originate cascading effects which might have a serious and disastrous impact on others, even on geographically far infrastructures. The exchange of information about vulnerabilities, threats and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling interdependencies among critical infrastructures

    Over the years, Critical Infrastructures (CIs) have become increasingly automated and interlinked. This linkage between CIs results in a very complex and dynamic system which increases their vulnerability to failures. In fact, interdependencies between CIs are a true means of propagation of hazards from one network to another. Thus, when an infrastructure is experiencing difficulties and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New dilemmas in regulating critical infrastructures

    Regulation, as it was introduced to round off the great institutional changes in the critical infrastructures, has failed to fully curb strategic behaviour in these sectors. This is one of the reasons for the somewhat disappointing performance of these sectors. Regulation in its present shape is based on the mantra: independent, rule guided and transparent. This paper sets out how these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling

    This paper proposes an approach to use multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling. To this aim, the state of the art of related works on the subject is surveyed and a general scheme for intra and inter infrastructure models is described. Multiformalism approaches allow modellers to adapt the choice of formal languages to the nature, complexity and abstraction layer of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the vulnerability of critical infrastructures: "seeing it coming"

    The paper addresses a number of concerns that are manifest in the safety management of critical infrastructures (CI) including, and especially, the effects of an increasing complexity on the safety managers' ability to comprehend and monitor the stability, predictability, and manoeuvrability of the systems at hand; the perverse effect of computer ubiquity on the CI safety quality; and, entailing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risks in business design for critical infrastructures: the 'DASHBOARD' concept

    A method is proposed to assess critical infrastructures vulnerabilities, in terms of derived indicators for system evolution and its future states. Different classes of distortions are further monitored for the purpose of estimating the relative frequency of a system failure by using the "Dashboard" concept.Keywords: vulnerability, resilience, system modelling, dashboard, decision ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Critical infrastructures: the need for international risk governance

    Infrastructures (e.g., electric power system, transportation system, information and communication systems) were not designed as integrated systems, as they are operating today. Some infrastructures, e.g., energy, water supply and telecommunications, are so vital and ubiquitous that their incapacity or destruction would affect security and the social welfare of any nation and cascade across ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assuring high reliability of service provision in critical infrastructures

    Vital services that are provided through critical infrastructures such as electricity and mobile telecommunication present us with a paradoxical development: society demands increasing levels of reliability of these services as we grow more dependent on them, while at the same time the conventional organisational means with which to ensure those high levels of reliability are being dismantled. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regional critical infrastructure assessment: Kansas City

    The National Infrastructure Protection Plan defines 18 critical infrastructure and key resources sectors assigned to nine various sector-specific agencies charged with the protection of that component of infrastructure (2009). This breakdown by the NIPP scratches the surface in terms of illustrating the high level of vulnerability existing in our country; however, there is still a lot of work ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A structured approach to identifying European critical infrastructures

    Our increasingly complex and interconnected societies are continuously exposed to a wide range of risks. Infrastructure systems are subject to functional impairments associated with technological failure, natural threats and malicious acts. The adequate functioning of infrastructures is crucially sustaining our societal and economic activities. Therefore, the protection of infrastructures becomes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards a research framework for critical infrastructure interdependencies

    Critical Infrastructure (CI) interdependencies have important consequences for crisis management, particularly when the crises are cross-border. However, research into CI interdependencies is still immature. The nature of large-scale, cross-border crises in these systems of systems is not easily understood. We have identified several aspects that need to be investigated to gain a more complete ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of state of resilience for a critical infrastructure in a context of interdependencies

    The concept of governmental resilience was introduced by the Hyogo Framework in 2005. It suggested a new approach to protecting critical infrastructures and understanding their interdependencies. In a resilience process, it becomes necessary to evaluate and measure the state of resilience; the state, in turn, will indicate the strengths and weaknesses on which the organisation can act. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empirical findings on European critical infrastructure dependencies

    One type of threat consistently identified as a key challenge for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) is that of dependencies and interdependencies among different critical infrastructures (CI). This article draws on a hitherto untapped data source on infrastructure dependencies: a daily maintained database containing over 4500 serious disruption events in different CI all over the world as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agent-based modelling of interdependent critical infrastructures

    Critical interdependent infrastructures are complex systems, that if damaged or disrupted can seriously compromise the welfare of our society. This research, part of the CRESCO project, deal with the problem of interdependent critical infrastructures analysis, proposing an agent-based modelling and simulation solution. The approach we put forward, named Federated-ABMS, relies on discrete ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to measure the degree of interdependencies among critical infrastructures

    In the last years, the problem of analysing the interdependencies existing among critical infrastructures (CI) has assumed a great importance. Some attempts have been done to characterise, qualify and quantify these phenomena. Unfortunately, the largest part of these studies is devoted to model interdependencies and to emphasise the causes. Conversely, very few works are devoted to define ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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