critical infrastructure Articles

  • Protection of the Dutch critical infrastructures

    Societies are increasingly dependent on a set of critical products and services which comprise the Critical Infrastructure (CI). Using a methodological approach, The Netherlands determined its critical products and service and analysed the critical dependencies. The relative importance of a critical product or service was determined based upon both its importance for other critical products and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An impact-based approach for the analysis of cascading effects in critical infrastructures

    An original methodology for the analysis of cascading effects in critical infrastructure is hereby presented. First of all, a rationale to identify elements (items) of daily life of citizens whose lack would cause a considerable impact on the quality of life of population is discussed. Then, a methodology to foresee domino effects among infrastructures is described. This methodology allows to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantitative estimates of critical infrastructures' interdependencies on the communication and information technology infrastructure

    Interdependencies of critical infrastructures on communications and information technology infrastructure (CITI) are known collectively as cyber interdependency, which has significant impact on many critical infrastructures. However, till now no formal relationship has been proposed to estimate cyber interdependencies. In this paper, we present a set of empirical functions to represent cyber ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New dilemmas in regulating critical infrastructures

    Regulation, as it was introduced to round off the great institutional changes in the critical infrastructures, has failed to fully curb strategic behaviour in these sectors. This is one of the reasons for the somewhat disappointing performance of these sectors. Regulation in its present shape is based on the mantra: independent, rule guided and transparent. This paper sets out how these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assuring high reliability of service provision in critical infrastructures

    Vital services that are provided through critical infrastructures such as electricity and mobile telecommunication present us with a paradoxical development: society demands increasing levels of reliability of these services as we grow more dependent on them, while at the same time the conventional organisational means with which to ensure those high levels of reliability are being dismantled. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A structured approach to identifying European critical infrastructures

    Our increasingly complex and interconnected societies are continuously exposed to a wide range of risks. Infrastructure systems are subject to functional impairments associated with technological failure, natural threats and malicious acts. The adequate functioning of infrastructures is crucially sustaining our societal and economic activities. Therefore, the protection of infrastructures becomes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Extensible threat taxonomy for critical infrastructures

    The European Union-sponsored project Vital Infrastructure Threats and Assurance (VITA) has the objective of exploring and showing new paths in Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) R&D. This paper describes one of VITA's results: the idea and the development of a novel extensible and generic threat taxonomy for Critical Infrastructures (CIs). Over 300 threats have been categorised. The threat ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Social network analysis of the vulnerabilities of interdependent critical infrastructures

    Interdependency among critical infrastructures contributes to vulnerabilities of those infrastructures. In this paper, the vulnerabilities of critical infrastructures are identified and analysed using social network analysis. In the analysis of network centrality, the importance of each critical infrastructure, in terms of its contribution to infrastructure interdependency, is ranked. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Social values and material threat: the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection

    Since the outset of Europe's role in the War on Terror, the protection of Europe's 'critical infrastructures' has been a central focus of the anti-terrorist effort. The purpose of this article is underscore the challenges involved in conceptualising critical infrastructure and its protection in terms of social values. These difficulties, we will suggest, are not merely roadblocks standing in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergent information security in critical infrastructures

    The growing tendency to inter-weaving infrastructures makes them more complex, less manageable, and more vulnerable to random system failures. Several information systems are usually added to manage and control such infrastructures. However, in this internet era these information infrastructures have increasingly become the targets of sophisticated (denial of service) attacks, which cause random ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation–based characterisation of critical infrastructure system resilience

    This paper presents a simulation–based approach to the resilience analysis of critical infrastructures systems, making possible the characterisation of the structural resilience features of the system and estimation of the benefits that are derived from improved resilience practices, i.e., preparedness or responsiveness, due to enhanced information–sharing processes among the actors. Resilience ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards enhanced collaboration and information sharing for critical infrastructure resilience: current barriers and emerging capabilities

    This work presents a review of general issues and barriers to information sharing and collaboration during a critical infrastructure crisis response. An overview of the emerging concepts and capabilities that are promising for making an improvement in the field is also presented and discussed.Keywords: critical infrastructures, infrastructure resilience, information sharing, capabilities, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling

    This paper proposes an approach to use multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling. To this aim, the state of the art of related works on the subject is surveyed and a general scheme for intra and inter infrastructure models is described. Multiformalism approaches allow modellers to adapt the choice of formal languages to the nature, complexity and abstraction layer of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Critical infrastructures: a review from a complex adaptive systems perspective

    Critical infrastructures are complex systems that may be studied in large interdisciplinary teams. Interaction between researchers in these interdisciplinary teams can suffer from the lack of a shared view on the object of study or the meaning of words. To facilitate the understanding of complex infrastructure systems, we reviewed literature on complex systems from different fields. We created a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risk assessment methodology for interdependent critical infrastructures

    Assessing risk in interdependent infrastructures is a challenging topic due to its complexity and the nature of critical infrastructures. This paper describes a methodology for assessing the risk of an infrastructure or a sector, taking into account the presence of interdependencies between infrastructures and sectors. Although the proposed methodology is compatible with current information ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empirical findings on European critical infrastructure dependencies

    One type of threat consistently identified as a key challenge for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) is that of dependencies and interdependencies among different critical infrastructures (CI). This article draws on a hitherto untapped data source on infrastructure dependencies: a daily maintained database containing over 4500 serious disruption events in different CI all over the world as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards next generation infrastructures: an introduction to the contributions in this issue

    Infrastructures are vital to our economy and society. The papers in this special issue address the state of the art in research on infrastructures design, management, and operation. A number of interrelated themes that allow analysing and structuring the vast number of research projects and themes have been identified. These themes have been taken from a large research programme 'Next Generation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to measure the degree of interdependencies among critical infrastructures

    In the last years, the problem of analysing the interdependencies existing among critical infrastructures (CI) has assumed a great importance. Some attempts have been done to characterise, qualify and quantify these phenomena. Unfortunately, the largest part of these studies is devoted to model interdependencies and to emphasise the causes. Conversely, very few works are devoted to define ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of the consequences of road system failure on other critical infrastructures

    Every Critical Infrastructure (CI) uses a road system for its operations, whether to receive resources or to execute support activities. The road system may fail at any time and this could have repercussions on the CI's usage. With the methodology developed by the Centre risque & performance (CRP), it is possible to characterise and model the road system as a CI. Using a consequence-based ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the vulnerability of critical infrastructures: "seeing it coming"

    The paper addresses a number of concerns that are manifest in the safety management of critical infrastructures (CI) including, and especially, the effects of an increasing complexity on the safety managers' ability to comprehend and monitor the stability, predictability, and manoeuvrability of the systems at hand; the perverse effect of computer ubiquity on the CI safety quality; and, entailing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you