critical infrastructure Articles

  • Systemic determination of infrastructure criticality

    The aim of critical infrastructure (CI) research efforts is to develop strategies to protect infrastructure systems by reducing hazards, risks, and threats from natural and manmade events. Given that no nation has unlimited resources, the current trend is to prioritise infrastructures so that the most 'critical' infrastructure systems are given priority in terms of resources. An extensive ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Protection of the Dutch critical infrastructures

    Societies are increasingly dependent on a set of critical products and services which comprise the Critical Infrastructure (CI). Using a methodological approach, The Netherlands determined its critical products and service and analysed the critical dependencies. The relative importance of a critical product or service was determined based upon both its importance for other critical products and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the vulnerability of critical infrastructures: "seeing it coming"

    The paper addresses a number of concerns that are manifest in the safety management of critical infrastructures (CI) including, and especially, the effects of an increasing complexity on the safety managers' ability to comprehend and monitor the stability, predictability, and manoeuvrability of the systems at hand; the perverse effect of computer ubiquity on the CI safety quality; and, entailing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced trust negotiations in critical infrastructures

    Modern Critical Infrastructures (CIs) (power grids, power plants, gas and oil pipelines, etc.) are strongly interconnected at the national and international levels nowadays. The failure of one of them can originate cascading effects which might have a serious and disastrous impact on others, even on geographically far infrastructures. The exchange of information about vulnerabilities, threats and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Extensible threat taxonomy for critical infrastructures

    The European Union-sponsored project Vital Infrastructure Threats and Assurance (VITA) has the objective of exploring and showing new paths in Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) R&D. This paper describes one of VITA's results: the idea and the development of a novel extensible and generic threat taxonomy for Critical Infrastructures (CIs). Over 300 threats have been categorised. The threat ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergent information security in critical infrastructures

    The growing tendency to inter-weaving infrastructures makes them more complex, less manageable, and more vulnerable to random system failures. Several information systems are usually added to manage and control such infrastructures. However, in this internet era these information infrastructures have increasingly become the targets of sophisticated (denial of service) attacks, which cause random ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation of heterogeneous and interdependent critical infrastructures

    In this paper, a simulation tool specifically designed for the analysis of heterogeneous and (inter)dependent infrastructures is proposed. The simulator, named Critical Infrastructure Simulation by Interdependent Agents (CISIA), adopts a modular and sufficiently abstract representation of the different infrastructures' components to allow consistent descriptions, starting from the incomplete and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling interdependencies among critical infrastructures

    Over the years, Critical Infrastructures (CIs) have become increasingly automated and interlinked. This linkage between CIs results in a very complex and dynamic system which increases their vulnerability to failures. In fact, interdependencies between CIs are a true means of propagation of hazards from one network to another. Thus, when an infrastructure is experiencing difficulties and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New dilemmas in regulating critical infrastructures

    Regulation, as it was introduced to round off the great institutional changes in the critical infrastructures, has failed to fully curb strategic behaviour in these sectors. This is one of the reasons for the somewhat disappointing performance of these sectors. Regulation in its present shape is based on the mantra: independent, rule guided and transparent. This paper sets out how these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling

    This paper proposes an approach to use multiformalism techniques for critical infrastructure modelling. To this aim, the state of the art of related works on the subject is surveyed and a general scheme for intra and inter infrastructure models is described. Multiformalism approaches allow modellers to adapt the choice of formal languages to the nature, complexity and abstraction layer of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment process of the resilience potential of critical infrastructures

    The research results presented aim to define a framework for evaluating the potential of resilience for critical infrastructure (CI). CI are an integral part of the community and a better knowledge of their potential for resilience will help to reduce the risk of disasters and provide tools to manage them. The framework helped to define a method to evaluate the potential for resilience CI based ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DNS as critical infrastructure, the energy system case study

    Modern critical infrastructures (e.g., power plants, energy grids, oil pipelines, etc.), make nowadays extensive use of information and communication technologies (ICT). As a direct consequence their exposure to cyber–attacks is becoming a matter of public security. In this paper, we analyse a particular infrastructure, rarely considered as source of threats, on which indeed the majority of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Models for reducing the risk of critical networked infrastructures

    In this paper, we review the literature studying how to reduce the disruption risk to critical networked infrastructures. This is an important area of research because huge consequences result from infrastructure disruptions. As a result, this research area has grown a lot in the last decade. In this review we discuss articles from the literature, place them into categories, and suggest topics ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risk assessment methodology for interdependent critical infrastructures

    Assessing risk in interdependent infrastructures is a challenging topic due to its complexity and the nature of critical infrastructures. This paper describes a methodology for assessing the risk of an infrastructure or a sector, taking into account the presence of interdependencies between infrastructures and sectors. Although the proposed methodology is compatible with current information ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Risk management goals and identification of critical infrastructures

    Strategic goals help streamlining risk management efforts, and criticality assessments of infrastructures benefit from such goals. This paper offers an introduction into recent German civil protection activities on this topic at national level. It offers a transferable concept on how to identify, document and justify priorities regarding critical infrastructure services. Based on human values it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An interoperable simulation framework for protecting port as critical infrastructures

    The research proposes an interoperable simulation framework intended to analyse and investigate security issues in complex maritime scenarios affected by asymmetric threats (i.e., terrorist attacks). To this end, particular attention is paid on security issues related to people and goods flows within seaports. Moreover, the proposed simulation framework is addressed to decision makers and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The state of the art in critical infrastructure protection: a framework for convergence

    The protection of critical infrastructure systems has recently become a major concern for many countries. This is due to the effect of these systems on the daily lives of all citizens and the high possibility of disruption because of their complex structure and hidden interdependencies, which subsequently attract the attention of many researchers and scientists. The investigations of researchers ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • High-level modelling of critical infrastructures' interdependencies

    Due to the increasing demand in services' quality and the growing concerns about external threats, the protection of critical infrastructures has recently become a major concern. In this article, we study the potential effect of interdependencies that may occur between two of these infrastructures: the telecommunication networks and the electrical network. In the absence of side protection ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A strategic approach to risk governance of critical infrastructures

    This paper discusses governance as a promising approach for dealing with the risks of infrastructures, and specifically with reference to the European situation. The liberalisation and the unbundling of the institutional and market arrangements and the pervasive application of information and communication technologies have increased the interconnectivity among systems and nations, making risks ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation–based characterisation of critical infrastructure system resilience

    This paper presents a simulation–based approach to the resilience analysis of critical infrastructures systems, making possible the characterisation of the structural resilience features of the system and estimation of the benefits that are derived from improved resilience practices, i.e., preparedness or responsiveness, due to enhanced information–sharing processes among the actors. Resilience ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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