critical infrastructure sensor Articles

  • Metropolitana milanese reduces water loss on critical steel pipeline

    Assessing the condition of buried water infrastructure can yield a variety of outcomes that are difficult to predict. Sometimes, they even seem random. The common belief that the age of a pipe determines its condition is rarely correct – in many cases, a newer main can be in worse condition than one twice or three times as old. Instead, operational, environmental and installation factors ...

  • Increasing security and protection of SCADA systems through infrastructure resilience

    In this paper, we present the approach we have taken in the INcreasing Security and Protection through Infrastructure Resilience (INSPIRE) project to improve the protection of critical information infrastructures. The core idea of the INSPIRE project is to protect critical information infrastructures (CIIs) by appropriately configuring, managing and securing the communication network ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • OSU Researchers Deploy Stevens Equipment in Study of Green Infrastructure Treatment for Groundwater Runoff

    Stormwater runoff pollution is a serious issue that faces almost every urban and suburban environment. In older city infrastructure, runoff from roofs, parking lots, and streets flows directly into the sewer system and must be handled by the municipal wastewater treatment facility, increasing the amount of work the system must undertake. For the past 30 years, the infrastructure for stormwater ...

  • SeNsiM-SEC: secure sensor networks integration to monitor rail freight transport

    In recent years, the interest in monitoring infrastructures has spread in many application domains, even because of the number of natural disasters and terrorist attacks. This important activity can be seen in the general context of critical infrastructure protection, such as the freight trains meant for hazardous materials transportation. The design of these systems must answer to several ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multi-sensor inspection robot shows benefits of pipe penetrating radar - Case Study

    Pipe penetrating radar (PPR), the in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) is one of the most promising quantitative pipe condition assessment technologies to emerge in recent years. With most of the underground pipe infrastructure reaching the end of their design life there is a need to provide measurable data in order to establish the extent of rehabilitation required or the timing ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Monitoring in the near future

    Take a look into the lab to see how commercialization of advanced environmental sensory capability is about to happen. Being asked to describe technology breakthroughs in environmental sensors with applications like air and water monitoring prompts the obvious question, 'If the first micro-machined gas chromatograph was demonstrated in 1979, why didn't the environmental sensor market experience ...


    By AHC Group

  • A smart decision support systems based on a fast classifier and a semantic post reasoner

    In modern monitoring systems for critical infrastructures protection, there is the need to design automatic decision support systems with high reliability and real-time constraints. These features are usually in contrast as there is a significant trade-off between performance and precision. In this paper, we propose an innovative approach for smart event detection and enriched phenomena ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Intrusion detection through SCADA systems using fuzzy logic-based state estimation methods

    Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems represent a vulnerability in vital infrastructures. For example, an electric power system is subjected to intrusions via its SCADA systems; however, the instrumentation provides detectable variations in response to such interference. Presented herein is a strategy that augments state estimation methods using a Hybrid Fuzzy System for fault ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aware online interdependency modelling via evidence theory

    Critical infrastructure interdependency models are typically used in a simulation–based perspective, in order to perform 'what if?' analyses and identify structural vulnerabilities in a dynamic perspective. While in the literature some attempts have been made to use interdependency models at real time, such approaches are flawed by the inability to properly determine the ongoing situation. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards a typology of integrated functional early warning systems

    Lack of common measures in evaluating, comparing and contrasting Early Warning Systems (EWSs) is a persistent problem. As such, there is a growing need for an abstract technical definition of EWSs and a framework to classify them, which would help developers set standards. The standards can be the basis for effective EWS deployments. Practitioners and researchers have been using EWSs for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Locating subverted processes using random packet comparison in SCADA systems

    A supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system may be subject to integrity attacks. Anomalies in sensor measurements may be used to detect these attacks, but such techniques do not permit us to locate attacking nodes. We propose a novel technique to enable this. Each participating network node probabilistically copies packets and marks them with routing information, before encrypting ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Smart utilities and sustainable resource management

    With the increased availability of inexpensive micro-sensor technologies, everything is becoming “sensor-tagged”. Energy and water utilities are benefiting from this “sensorization” of our infrastructure and the associated smart technology advancements. These progressive utilities are employing innovative, real-time monitoring and control applications with high volume and ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • The world watches as evides manages steel main with innovative technology, and outstanding results follow

    It was a perfect day for an inspection. Under a crisp blue sky, in the polders along a major motorway near Rotterdam, more than 40 water professionals from The Netherlands, Australia and the UK gathered to witness a unique project undertaken by the water utility Evides Watercompany. The purpose of the project was to showcase the 24-sensor ...

  • Airport Foundation Monitoring - Iqaluit International Airport - Case Study

    The Iqaluit International Airport is undergoing a significant infrastructural upgrade to improve safety and access to the Canadian Territory of Nunavut. Traffic at the airport has grown steadily over the last three decades and the facility needs to be updated and improved to continue to serve the area. Due to the absence of paved roads, flying is a critical part of the Nunavut transportation and ...


    By BeadedStream

  • Airport Foundation Monitoring - Iqaluit International Airport - Case Study

    The Iqaluit International Airport is undergoing a significant infrastructural upgrade to improve safety and access to the Canadian Territory of Nunavut. Traffic at the airport has grown steadily over the last three decades and the facility needs to be updated and improved to continue to serve the area. Due to the absence of paved roads, flying is a critical part of the Nunavut transportation and ...


    By BeadedStream

  • Our drinking water systems are a disaster. What can we do?

    In the wake of the Flint, communities turn to innovative technology and financing to prevent the next crisis. People in developed countries turn on the tap and safe drinking water flows, a dramatic health benefit they tend to take for granted. That complacency was dramatically disrupted last year when children in Flint, Michigan, started testing positive for lead poisoning and the ...


    By Ensia

  • Combined application of Pipe Penetrating Radar and LIDAR for large diameter pipe inspection

    Abstract: Pipe Penetrating Radar (PPR) is the underground in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR), a non-destructive testing method that can detect defects and cavities within and outside mainline diameter (>18 in./450mm) non-metallic (reinforced concrete, vitrified clay, PVC, HDPE, etc.) underground pipes. Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) has become an accepted method for ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Debunking Murphy`s Law - Utilities address conditions to reduce risk of failure in aging metallic pipelines

    According to an adapted Murphy's Law, "anything that can fail, will fail." While that universal engineering law has been proven true again and again, many utilities are working diligently to reduce the risk of failure by taking measures to improve the service life of their aging ...

  • San Diego County Water Authority Manages Steel Pipelines

    Utilities across the country are experiencing an increased rate of pipeline failures. In addition to problems precipitated by an aging water infrastructure, a lagging economy is affecting large-scale capital projects needed for repairing, replacing, and improving infrastructure. With funding gap estimates ranging between $200 billion and $1 trillion over the next 20 years, utilities must find ...

  • Listening In: Smartball Detects Ancient Buried Sounds

    For this leak detection survey, Pure’s innovative free-swimming acoustic tool gathered critical information about the aging pipeline assets of this historic Arabian city. This large public utility supplies bulk water to this bustling, historic resort city located in the Arabian Penninsula region. The city’s infrastructure – above ground and below – ...

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