cross-flow microfiltration Articles

  • Microfiltration Pilot System, California

    INTRODUCTION In May 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. successfully manufactured and supplied an microfiltration pilot system to a membrane manufacturer for Title 22 certification. Title 22 is the State of California’s stringent standard for treatment/disinfection of wastewater for non-potable reuse and ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Microfiltration of vinasse: sustainable strategy to improve its nutritive potential

    The purpose of this article was to evaluate and establish microfiltration (MF) operating conditions for vinasse (ethanol industries wastewater also known as stillage, slop, distillery effluent or dunder) concentration aiming to improve the use of its nutritive potential. The operating conditions influence permeate flux that has been evaluated by monitoring the flow rate profile during the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microfiltration for treatment of waste filter washwater at water treatment plant

    The North Jersey District Water Supply Commission (Commission) serves about 2 million consumers from its 210 mgd water treatment plant (WTP) in Wanaque, New Jersey, about 25 miles northwest of Manhattan. Raw water is obtained primarily from the adj acent Wanaque Reservoir, and the nearby Pompton and Ramapo Rivers. The Wanaque WTP provides conventional treatment with chiorine as primary ...


    By Pall Corporation

  • A comparative study between stirred dead end and circular flow in microfiltration of China clay suspensions

    A well-defined comparative study between stirred dead end and circular crossflow for microfiltration of china clay suspensions has been undertaken. The comparisons have been made with respect to convective mass transfer coefficients, permeation and rejection rates, and energy consumption. Similar operating and hydrodynamic conditions were implemented for the comparison. According to our ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Confirmation of the correlation between membrane fouling in microfiltration and biopolymer concentrations in various Japanese surface waters

    A variety of surface waters used for drinking water sources were collected from different parts of Japan to investigate a correlation between the concentration of hydrophilic biopolymer (e.g. proteins and polysaccharides) in the feed water and membrane fouling in microfiltration. Hollow-fiber membranes made from polyvinylidene fluoride with a nominal pore size of 0.1 μm were used in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Respirometric assays of two different MBR (microfiltration and ultrafiltration) to obtain kinetic and stoichiometric parameters

    A comparison of two different medium scale MBRs (ultrafiltration and microfiltration) using respirometric methods has been achieved. The ultrafiltration membrane plant (0.034 µm pore size) maintained recirculation sludge flow at seven times the influent flow, and membranes were backwashed every 5 min and chemically cleaned weekly. The microfiltration membrane plant (0.4 µm pore size) maintained ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • RO, UF, MF World Markets Report

    Provides continually updated analyses and forecasts of cross flow microfiltration, reverse osmosis, and ultrafiltration systems and membranes in 80 countries and regions with separate forecasts for each application from desalination to wine ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Economic and Environmental Benefits Flow From Filtration Technology

    Crossflow filtration operations typically fall into one of four categories: microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and hyperfiltration more commonly known as reverse osmosis (RO). The most common of the operations is reverse osmosis due to its ability to remove dissolved impurities including dissolved salts. Crossflow filtration machines typically include the membrane ...


  • A pilot study of a subsurface-flow constructed wetland treating membrane concentrate produced from reclaimed water

    A pilot study was conducted for 7 months for the City of Oxnard, California, on the use of constructed wetlands to treat concentrate produced by microfiltration and reverse osmosis (RO) of reclaimed wastewater. The treatment performance of a transportable subsurface-flow wetland was investigated by monitoring various forms of nitrogen, orthophosphate, oxygen demand, organic carbon, and selenium. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative study on treatment of kitchen-sink wastewater using single and multichannel ceramic membrane

    A comparative study was conducted to explore the potential of ceramic microfiltration membrane alone and in combination with different physicochemical treatments, viz. biotreatment and adsorption using kitchen-sink wastewater. Cross-flow microfiltration (CMF) studies were carried out with tubular ceramic membrane in single channel and multichannel configuration. Biotreatment was studied using ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mullite ceramic membranes for industrial oily wastewater treatment: experimental and neural network modeling

    In this paper, results of an experimental and modeling of separation of oil from industrial oily wastewaters (desalter unit effluent of Seraje, Ghom gas wells, Iran) with mullite ceramic membranes are presented. Mullite microfiltration symmetric membranes were synthesized from kaolin clay and α-alumina powder. The results show that the mullite ceramic membrane has a high total organic carbon and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the importance of various operating and sludge property parameters to the fouling of membrane bioreactors

    A single-fibre microfiltration system was employed to investigate the importance of various operating and sludge property parameters to the membrane fouling during sludge filtration. The sludge was obtained from a submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR). A series of comparative and correlative filtration and fouling tests were conducted on the influence of the operating variables, sludge properties ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Clarification of rough beer in brewery industry case study

    Standard filtration uses diatomaceous earth (Kieselguhr) into filter-press and consists in the retention of solid particles (yeast cells, macrocolloids, suspended matter) and solutes responsible for haze. After use the disposal of Kieselguhr (after filtration) are a major difficulty due to their polluting effect. From the health perspective, the used diatomaceous earth is classified as ...


    By RVF-Filtration

  • Pilot Testing Microfilters and Cloth-Media Filters for Lake Augmentation

    ABSTRACTMicrofiltration and cloth-media filtration were pilot tested for plant expansion and water supply augmentation purposes. The performance of the pilot units was assessed by evaluating key influent and effluent data, including suspended solids, turbidity, total phosphorous, hydraulic loading rate, flux, and chemical addition. Results showed that one of the cloth-media filters, and both of ...

  • Titanium Scrap Metal Processing

    Background A world-class processor of titanium scrap had a wash system whose cleaning solution was becoming contaminated with both free floating unemulsified tramp oil and emulsified water soluble oil that was being washed off of titanium turnings. As the level of oil contamination increased over time in the wash solution, cleaning effectiveness diminished. The processor uses a metric, ...

  • Analyzing the spatial and temporal characteristics of membrane fouling

    Fouling characteristics of crossflow flat-sheet membranes for two Nanofiltration (NF), one Ultrafiltration (UF), and one Microfiltration (MF) membranes were analyzed using 12.5 parts per million (mg/L) FeCl3 solution and 350 mg/L copper nanofluid. FeCl3 solution represents dissolved contaminant whereas copper nanofluid simulates particulate contaminant. The spatial and temporal fouling ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the best available wastewater management techniques for a textile mill: cost and benefit analysis

    In the present study, several water recovery and end-of-pipe wastewater treatment alternatives were evaluated towards the evaluation of Best Available Techniques (BATs) for the management of wastewaters from a denim textile mill in accordance with the European Union's Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. For this purpose, an assessment that translates the key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ammonia recovery from landfill leachate using hydrophobic membrane contactors

    This article aims to evaluate membrane contactors capability to remove and recover ammonia from landfill leachate (LFL). A hydrophobic hollow fiber membrane module was used to achieve such purpose. A sulfuric acid diluted solution was used as extraction solution to speed up ammonia content removal. Several factors that have influence on ammonia removal and recovery capability such as ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel integrated assessment methodology of urban water reuse

    Wastewater is no longer considered a waste product and water reuse needs to play a stronger part in securing urban water supply. Although treatment technologies for water reclamation have significantly improved the question that deserves further analysis is, how selection of a particular wastewater treatment technology relates to performance and sustainability? The proposed assessment model ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Principle of Reverse Osmosis (RO)

    Osmosis  Osmosis is a phenomenon where pure water flows from a dilute solution through a semi permeable membrane to a higher concentrated solution. Semi permeable means that the membrane will allow small molecules and ions to pass through it but acts as a barrier to larger molecules or dissolved substances. To illustrate this, assume that a semi permeable membrane is placed between two ...


    By Toray Membrane Europe

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