cryptosporidium Articles

  • Fighting Cryptosporidium

    Client: Utah Leisure operators   Location: Utah, USA Description: atg UV quickly supplied 60 Ultraviolet treatment systems across the State, safeguarding public health against chlorine resistant pathogens such as Cyrptosporidium. During the summer of 2007, 1,900 residents of Utah, had been infected by the parasite Cryptosporidum. In ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • The Cryptosporidium Water Crisis

    One major event to strike the water industry recently, was the Lancashire Cryptosporidium water crisis. Cryptosporidium is a parasite found in livestock, which can have some severe consequences on the gastrointestinal system when ingested. Lancashire has seen 300,000 households suffer from a water contamination incident that’s forced residents to buy bottled water for ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Cryptosporidium; Understanding the Hidden Danger

    Found in water supplies all over the globe, Cryptosporidium outbreaks are now becoming more and more frequent causing severe illness that can be fatal to vulnerable groups such as the young and elderly and in a number of cases has lead to costly and drawn out legal action. The problem is, whilst disinfection with chlorine effectively destroys other pathogens - it takes less than one minute to ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Human infection with the Cryptosporidium rabbit genotype

    Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite which causes the gastrointestinal disease cryptosporidiosis. This is characterised mainly by watery diarrhoea and abdominal pain and lasting for a couple of weeks. In immunocompromised individuals, the disease can be more severe andeven fatal. Cryptosporidium oocysts are shed in the faeces of infected individuals and infection usually occurs through ...


    By TCS Biosciences Ltd

  • Hodder WTW - Actiflo for Cryptosporidium removal

    United Utilities 83-week Programme 112,000 m3/day Max Flow The Client United Utilities are the 2nd largest water company in England / Wales. They are responsible for an area in the north west of the UK, which includes major cities such as Manchester and Liverpool. The Client's Needs ...


  • New York City v.s. Cryptosporidium

    Client: New York City Leisure operators   Location: New York, USA Description: state-of-the-art UV treatment systems to safeguard public health Following major outbreaks in Northampton, Galway, Utah and New York Cryptosporidium has become a major concern for the leisure industry. Commonly found in lakes and rivers, Cryptosporidium ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Evaluation of Inactivation of Cryptosporidium parvum Oocysts in Recreational

    Purpose: To determine the ability of the Hanovia UVP 61 water disinfection system to nactivate Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts suspended in recreational (water park) water.Methods and materials:Test water: The water used for this test was from the Adventure Island water park, Tampa, Florida. A 200 gallon (750 L) volume had been  collected on October 24, 1999, and delivered to Clancy ...

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last century due to the use of chlorination. However, research conducted in the 1970's revealed that by-products formed during the chlorination process are potentially carcinogenic and that there is a direct correlation between the concentration of chlorination by-products and the probability of certain ...

  • UV Experience for Inactivating Cryptosporidium in Surface Water Plants

    Untitled Document The disinfection of pathogenic microbes in drinking water has been largely successful over the last ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Cryptosporidium source tracking in the potomac river watershed

    To better characterize Cryptosporidium in the Potomac River watershed, a PCR-based genotyping tool was used to analyze 64 base flow and 28 storm flow samples from five sites in the watershed. These sites included two water treatment plant intakes, as well as three upstream sites, each associated with a different type of land use. The uses, including urban wastewater, ...

  • Occurrence and removal of Giardia and Cryptosporidium at the Goreangab reclamation plant

    This paper deals with the occurrence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in the water sources available for the Goreangab Reclamation Plant (GRP) and the subsequent removal during treatment at the reclamation plant. Giardia is detected more often than Cryptosporidium. 60% of the time it is detected in the samples from the dam and in 55% of the samples from the maturation pond effluent. During the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cryptosporidium – Understanding the hidden danger case study

    Understanding the problem Found in water supplies all over the globe, Cryptosporidium outbreaks are now becoming more and more frequent causing severe illness that can be fatal to vulnerable groups such as the young and elderly and in a number of cases has lead to costly and drawn out legal action. The problem is, whilst disinfection with chlorine effectively destroys other ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Case study - cryptosporidium – understanding the hidden danger

    Understanding the problem Found in water supplies all over the globe, Cryptosporidium outbreaks are now becoming more and more frequent causing severe illness that can be fatal to vulnerable groups such as the young and elderly and in a number of cases has lead to costly and drawn out legal action.  The problem is, whilst ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Removal of Cryptosporidium by wastewater treatment processes: a review

    Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite that infects humans and various animal species. The environmental stability and the low infectious dose of Cryptosporidium facilitate its transmission by water and food. Discharge of untreated wastewater may result in waterborne or foodborne Cryptosporidium outbreaks, therefore a suitable treatment may prevent its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Detection of Cryptosporidium species and sources of contamination with Cryptosporidium hominis during a waterborne outbreak in north west Wales

    As part of investigations into the cause of a waterborne outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection linked to a mains water supply, surface waters and wastewater treatment plants were tested for Cryptosporidium spp. Oocyst counts in base flow surface water samples ranged from nil to 29 per 10 l. Oocyst counts in effluent from a community wastewater treatment plant were up to 63 fold higher and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rapid method for viable Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts detection

    Cryptosporidium parvum is a waterborne coccidian protozoan parasite known to infect humans, resulting in an illness known as cryptosporidiosis. The widely used USEPA method 1622 to detect Cryptosporidium is time consuming, and unable to provide the information on oocysts viability and species. In order to develop a fast detection method for viable C. parvum ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of kaolinite clay particles on the filtration of Cryptosporidium-sized microspheres

    Granular filtration remains a key barrier for Cryptosporidium removal in water treatment plants without UV irradiation. To assess the impact of clay particles in source water on Cryptosporidium removal efficiency by granular filtration, this study investigated the co-transport of Cryptosporidium-sized microspheres and kaolinite particles in sand columns. To ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Review of swimming-associated cryptosporidiosis and Cryptosporidium oocysts removals from swimming pools

    In this paper, outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis in swimming pools in the last 20 years are summarized. Cryptosporidium oocysts are very resistant to many disinfectants, including chlorine, one of the most widely-used disinfectants in swimming pools. Ozone or UV is shown to inactivate Cryptosporidium, while not effective to newly introduced Cryptosporidium and bacteria because of no residual ozone ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prevalence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Muskrats in Northeastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey

    Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. are intestinal parasites that affect humans and animals throughout the world. Although infection with Giardia spp. is usually self-limiting, some cases result in mild to severe enteritis. Giardiasis can be treated with modern drugs. The increasing incidence of well-documented outbreaks of Cryptosporidiosis has resulted in a growing awareness of the danger of ...

  • Cryptosporidium genotypes and subtypes distribution in river water in Iran

    Little is known about the diversity and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species in river waters in Iran. In the present study, we determined the genotype and subtype distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. in river water samples in Iran. A total of 49 surface water samples were collected from rivers and surface water in Guilan and Tehran provinces during ...


    By IWA Publishing

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