current flow Articles

  • Data Centre CRAC unit efficiency improvements

    One of the main types of project Munters look at is energy efficiency improvements within the thermal management side. One of the easiest changes that can be made is swapping out the old AC powered motors for EC powered impellors. the reductions in energy is considerable, with some older belt drive unit changes measuring a saving of over 60% this is due to the design of the new impellors and the ...


    By Munters

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • Blockchain Technology Can Boost Climate Action

    Experts meeting at the recent UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn in May have said that a new technology called “Blockchain” could play a major role in tackling climate change. A Blockchain is a distributed database that is continuously updated and verified by its users. Each added block of data is “chained” and becomes part of a growing list of records, under the ...

  • NEFCO density current Baffle design

    The study was originally conceived to evaluate the performance of the NEFCO Stamford Baffle design and several variations on that design to better understand the parameters that affected baffle performance. To that end, the plan was straightforward. The first step was the simulation of a 70-ft diameter clarifier. This clarifier would serve as the test bed to calculate the predicted effectiveness ...


    By NEFCO, Inc.

  • Oil droplets and solid particles removal using circular separator with inclined coalescence mediums: comparison between co-current and counter-current flow

    This research investigated the effects of co- and counter-current flow patterns on oil-water-solid separation efficiencies of a circular separator with inclined coalescence mediums. Oil-water-solid separations were tested at different influent concentrations and flowrates. Removal efficiencies increased as influent flowrate decreased, and their correlationship can be represented by power ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Protection Relay for Shaft Current and Voltage

    Introduction The paper deals with the specific protection relay for all types of generators. The instrument, called Shaft Current and Voltage Protection Relay (SCVP) was developed at KONCAR – Electric Engineering Institute Inc. This instrument is a part of Institute's product line used for monitoring and diagnosis of rotating electrical machines. The most important parts ...

  • HCL System Exceeds Current Regulations

    Chemron manufactures high-quality specialty chemicals and surfactants for personal care products, industrial, institutional, oil field, mining, coatings, lubricants and water treatment. Some of the operations result in the creation of hydrochloric acid with high variable rates. As expressed by Bill Frost, of Chemron: “Chemronmaintains a strong environmental commitment, which views regulations as ...


  • Influence of wave and current flow on sediment-carrying capacity and sediment flux at the water–sediment interface

    In nearshore waters, spatial and temporal scales of waves, tidal currents, and circulation patterns vary greatly. It is, therefore, difficult to combine these factors’ effects when trying to predict sediment transport processes. This paper proposes the concept of significant wave velocity, which combines the effects of waves, tides, and ocean currents using the horizontal kinetic energy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New topology for management of bi-directional power flow between vehicle and grid with reduced ripple current at unity power factor

    In this paper, a new topology of single-phase pulse width modulated (PWM) AC-DC converter is proposed for bidirectional power flow between plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and the grid. This converter consists of a PWM voltage source converter (VSC) and a ripple reduction circuit. The ripple reduction circuit consists of a switching leg and an inductor. The inductor is connected between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of urban WWTP and CSO fluxes on river peak flow extremes under current and future climate conditions

    The impact of urban water fluxes on the river system outflow of the Grote Nete catchment (Belgium) was studied. First the impact of the Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) and the Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) outflows on the river system for the current climatic conditions was determined by simulating the urban fluxes as point sources in a detailed, hydrodynamic river model. Comparison was made ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measuring the Dispersion Coefficient with Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers

    Abstract: A method is evaluated for estimating the longitudinal dispersion coefficient K from velocities and bathymetry measured with an acoustic Doppler current profiler #1;ADCP. If shear dispersion controls the mixing, the dispersion coefficient can be estimated from measurements of velocity and depth in a cross section. The dispersion coefficient has typically been measured by costly and ...


    By Teledyne RD Instruments

  • Current Trends in Environmental Noise Monitoring in Europe

    Introduction This paper briefly describes the state of the art of environmental noise monitoring development in Europe, including the needs, standards, legislation, data, technology, techniques and tools. This paper will concentrate on the following areas: • How Imagine and the development of ISO 20906 and ISO 1996 affect noise monitoring systems • The need and role of professional ...

  • European waters - current status and future challenges - a synthesis

    The Europe 2020 strategy is the European Union's strategy for economic growth in Europe over the next decade. This strategy envisages the development of a 'greener', more environmentally friendly economy in Europe. Sustainable water management is a critical element of this green economy because healthy and resilient ecosystems provide the services needed to sustain human well‑being and our ...

  • Current Trends in Modelling Water Distribution Systems

    Untitled Document Hydraulic Modelling is emerging from the infrastructure planning offices of our water utilities, where it continues to play a vital role in optimising capital investment projects, to take a ...


    By Innovyze

  • Current Trends in Environmental Noise Calculation Software in Europe

    Introduction This paper briefly describes the state of the art of development of environmental noise calculation software in Europe, concentrated on the following areas: • The Harmonoise and Imagine projects and the Good Practice Guide on Strategic Noise Mapping • The role of combining measurements and calculations for more flexible problem solving • Uncertainty: qualitative methods ...

  • The HogMag Eddy Current Separator - Metal Recovery with Ease

    Why a HogMag? To benefit the customer and the environment the HogMag Eddy Current Separator is fitted with energy saving motors which generates a higher level of speed being achieved increaseing productivity, reducing maintenance and operation costs and improving overall up to 100% metal recovery depending on material. What is A HogMag Eddy Current Separator? ...


    By EcoHog Ltd

  • Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler measurements near a weir with fish pass: assessing solutions to compass errors, spatial data referencing and spatial flow heterogeneity

    There has been an increasing interest in the use of Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) to characterise the hydraulic conditions near river engineering structures such as dams, fish passes and groins, as part of ecological and hydromorphological assessments. However, such ADCP applications can be limited by compass errors, obstructed view to navigation satellites, frequent loss of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exothermic reaction induced by high-density current in metals: possible nuclear origin

    Since 1989, many experimenters worked on low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR). They face both an experimental and a theoretical dilemma: how to design simple and convincing experiments in a complex system and if the phenomenon has a nuclear origin, why do they observe no radiation. A rather simple water mass flow calorimeter was designed to study this phenomenon under different experimental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Zig–zag transformer for neutral current compensation in an isolated wind energy system

    This paper presents a voltage and frequency controller with neutral current compensation in a stand alone wind energy conversion system (WECS) employing an asynchronous generator. The proposed controller consists of a three leg insulated gate bipolar junction transistor (IGBT)–based voltage source converter and a battery energy storage system (BESS) at its DC bus. The neutral terminal for the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calibration of The LISFLOOD Model For Europe: Current Status And Way Forward

    The hydrological model LISFLOOD model forms the core of the European Flood Alert System (EFAS) and is used for impact studies to evaluate the effect of changes in land use and climate on the hydrological behaviour in catchments across Europe. The accuracy of the model predictions depends on the ability of the model to capture the dominating hydrological processes that transfer precipitation into ...


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