decentralized wastewater treatment technology Articles

  • Sustainability of decentralized wastewater treatment technologies

    In many Countries, small communities are required to treat wastewater discharges to increasing standards of lesser environmental impacts, but must achieve that goal at locally sustainable costs. While biological membrane treatment (membrane bio-reactors (MBRs)) is quickly becoming the industry standard for centralized wastewater treatment plants, and would also be ideally suited also for small ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    An application used worldwide, now growing in US to address the needs of small communities and developments Conventional sewer operations managed by small communities provide centralized treatment of wastewater of which residents are accustomed. But the expense of operating these systems as they expand with miles and miles of sewer lines is staggering. Expanding sewer line infrastructure, ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • What is decentralized treatment?

    Why is decentralized treatment an important solution for global water scarcity challenges? As the climate shifts and water supplies shrink due to increased use by municipalities, agriculture, and industry, the need for effective and efficient water and wastewater treatment in remote locations is growing exponentially all over the globe. In addition, the energy to power these plants and ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Robust decentralized wastewater treatment for small communities…FAST®

    For many small and medium communities, centralized or conventional sewer options are technically complicated and/or are often the expensive choice for managing wastewater treatment. As the demand for water reaches critical levels for most areas around the world, decentralized treatment systems are becoming increasingly popular by returning treated water back to the local environment.  ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • A Submerged Attached Growth Bioreactor for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    ABSTRACTThe Amphidrome® process is a submerged attached growth bioreactor (SAGB) that has been used in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Jersey for decentralized wastewater treatment systems ranging in size from 440 gpd to 150,000 gpd. The two primary advantages of a SAGB are the small volume requirement and the elimination of downstream clarification. Five years of data from four ...

  • The ecological filter system for treatment of decentralized wastewater

    A vertical flow constructed wetland was combined with a biological aerated filter to develop an ecological filter, and to obtain the optimal operating parameters: The hydraulic loading was 1.55 m3/(m2·d), carbon–nitrogen ratio was 10, and gas–water ratio was 6. The experimental results demonstrated considerable removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized peri-urban wastewater treatment technologies assessment integrating sustainability indicators

    Selection of treatment technologies without considering the environmental, economic and social factors associated with each geographical context risks the occurrence of negative impacts that were not properly foreseen, working against the sustainable performance of the technology. The principal aim of this study was to evaluate 12 technologies for decentralized treatment of domestic wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Domestic wastewater treatment with a decentralized, simple technology biomass concentrator reactor

    A new type of membrane-like aerobic reactor initially designed for the degradation of hydrocarbon-derived groundwater contaminants was tested for treating domestic wastewater. The biomass concentrator reactor (BCR) consists of an enclosed, aerated tank containing a graded filtration medium with the function of solids separation, and was previously used to treat industrial wastewaters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ON-SITE SEWAGE SYSTEMS: NEW OUTLOOK FOR DECENTRALIZED WASTEWATER TREATMENT

    As researchers analyze the soils’ ability to absorb discharge, more knowledge is gained about alternatives to septic tanks and standard drain fields that include peat filter systems, constructed wetlands and drip irrigation. ONE out of every four American households currently treat and release wastewater on their own property. Although most people assume that on-site systems are confined to rural ...


  • Introduction to Decentralized Packaged Wastewater Treatment (PWWT) Systems - PDH Article

    Learning Objectives After reading this article, you should understand: Functions and processes of a decentralized PWWT system; Design considerations of a PWWT system. Overview "Clean water will be the oil of the 21st Century." The accuracy and magnitude of this statement is resonating worldwide. ...

  • Decentralized wastewater management in Kieu Ky Vietnam

    1. Overview and Key Points In order to eliminate the common ‘out of sight out of mind approach’ in sanitation, whereby sewers and/or drains are discharged into rivers, a Decentralized Wastewater Treatment System (DEWATS) was designed and implemented in Kieu Ky to treat wastewaters arising residential properties and various craft industries. A clear understanding of topography, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized water treatment and local water shortages

    MIT researchers conclude that alternative approaches to water planning can alleviate urban water supply issues quickly and inexpensively Urban areas around the world are expanding rapidly as the global population increases and people are moving to cities at a fast pace. This puts a strain on current infrastructure, including water treatment plants. Add global warming and increasing drought ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Technical and experimental evaluation of an innovative decentralized technology for the municipal wastewater treatment in the city of Rome

    The present paper shows the results obtained through an experimental activity carried out on a pilot-scale plant using an innovative technology which couples the granular aerobic sludge with the sequencing batch process. Treatment efficiency and operation costs were evaluated in order to assess feasibility of this new technology for the upgrading of the existing continuous flow activated sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical-economical analysis of selected decentralized technologies for municipal wastewater treatment in the city of Rome

    Several wastewater treatment technologies were evaluated as alternative systems to the more traditional centralized continuous flow system to serve decentralized areas of the city of Rome (Italy). For instance, the following technologies were selected: (1) Constructed wetlands, (2) Membrane Biological Reactor, (3) Deep Shaft, (4) Sequencing Batch Reactor, and (5) Combined Filtration and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design and development of decentralized water and wastewater technologies: a combination of safe wastewater disposal and fertilizer production

    Modern wastewater treatment plants are often inappropriate for communities in developing countries. Such communities lack the funding, resources and skilled labour required to implement, operate, and maintain these plants. This research was conducted to investigate and establish an appropriate wastewater treatment system for the district of Gunung Kidul, Indonesia. Due to its lack of water during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigating the interactions of decentralized and centralized wastewater heat recovery systems

    In the urban water cycle there are different sources for extracting energy. In addition to potential and chemical energy in the wastewater, thermal energy can also be recovered. Heat can be recovered from the wastewater with heat exchangers that are located decentralized and/or centralized at several locations throughout the system. It can be recovered directly at the source (e.g. in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of sanitation and wastewater treatment technologies: case studies from India

    This paper reports about the results of an evaluation of selected sanitation systems in India. The following sanitation systems were evaluated: septic tanks, communal Ecosan systems, biogas toilets, solid immobilized biofilters, multiple stage filtration and decentralized wastewater treatment systems (DEWATS). The evaluation has been based on an initial assessment looking at whether the systems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage pre-concentration for maximum recovery and reuse at decentralized level

    Pre-concentration of municipal wastewater by chemically enhanced primary treatment (CEPT) was studied under controlled laboratory conditions. Both iron and aluminium-based coagulants were examined at gradually increasing concentrations (0.23, 0.35, 0.70 and 1.05 mmol/L). The CEPT sludge generated from different coagulation experiments was digested in batch anaerobic reactors, while the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bayview Community - Wastewater Treatment System

    Formed just after the Civil War, “Bayview” is a 300 year‐old predominately African American community. The residents of the community organized and created the Bayview Citizens for Social Justice In 1998. The group formed partnerships to improve the lives of the community by installing a water and wastewater treatment system. Funding came from multiple Federal. State and County ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

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