dechlorinating solution Articles

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • Comparison of Reducing Agents for Dechlorination in a Simulated Aquifer (PDF)

    A simulated aquifer system (Aquifer Simulation Vessel – ASV) was used to study the efficacy of various reducing agents to assist microbial dechlorination. The soil samples are homogenized and the soil is packed into 6.0-foot long tubes with an internal diameter of 5.75 inches. Flow rates can be calibrated for flow at 0.1 to 2.0 feet/day. The system has a volume of 2025.44 in3.  A solution of ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Electrochemical dechlorination of 2,4-dichlorophenol in aqueous solution on palladium-loaded meshed titanium electrode

    Electrochemical dechlorination of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) in aqueous solution was investigated on palladium-loaded meshed titanium (Pd/Ti) electrode at ambient temperature. Pd/Ti electrode was prepared with an electrodepositing method. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) micrographs show that Pd microparticles uniformly disperse on the meshed Ti supporting electrode with spheroidal structure. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating alkaline microcapsules for pH control and reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene in sediment

    Near neutral pH has been reported in the literature to optimise trichloroethylene (TCE) reductive dehalogenase activity in purified enzyme solutions, cell extracts and cell suspensions. In this study, microencapsulated alkaline buffers were used to evaluate potential use in controlling pH in soil microcosms and columns containing sediment obtained from a TCE-contaminated acidic aquifer at the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trimetallic Pd/Fe/Al particles for catalytic dechlorination of chlorinated organic contaminants

    Zero-valent aluminum based trimetallic particles comprising a combination of catalytically effective amounts (1 wt%) of palladium and zero-valent iron on the aluminum surface were synthesized and tested for the dechlorination of chlorinated methanes in batch reactors. XRD analysis indicated the trimetallic particles present in zero-valent form of all three components. Trimetallic Pd/Fe/Al ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Reductive Dechlorination (ERD) and In Situ Chemical Reduction (ISCR) using EHC®

    CH2M HillUnited States Marine Corps Site, North Carolina Summary Site groundwater was impacted with chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) at concentrations as high as 80,000 ppb. A total of 24,100 lbs of EHC was injected into areas of elevated CVOC concentration to yield enhanced in situ chemical reduction (ISCR). Six months after the EHC injection, TCA levels had decreased ...


  • Comparison of dechlorination rates and water quality impacts for sodium bisulfite, sodium thiosulfate and ascorbic acid

    The impact of water quality parameters such as organic and inorganic matter as well as chlorine species (free chlorine and monochloramine) on the rate of dechlorination by sodium bisulfite (SBS), sodium thiosulfate (STS) and ascorbic acid (AA) were studied. Reaction rate constants determined for the various dechlorination reactions showed that SBS and AA achieved dechlorination at a faster rate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preparation of wrapped nZVI particles and their application for the degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) in aqueous solution

    Three types of wrappped nanoscale zero-valent iron (W-nZVI) with different coatings including agar, starch, and carboxyl methyl cellulose, were synthesized using a rheological phase reaction method. The structure and morphology of W-nZVI particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Batch degradation experiments exhibited that W-nZVI dosage, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full-scale KB-1® Bioaugmented Biobarrier for TCE Plume Containment

    Problem DefinitionThe site is a former manufacturing facility, where a historic trichloroethene (TCE) release created a plume 1,100 feet wide and 7,000 feet long averaging 3,600 micrograms per liter (μg/ L) TCE, with a groundwater velocity of about 2 feet per day. Prior to biostimulation with electron donor, the groundwater conditions ranged from aerobic to mildly reducing and Gene-Trac DNA ...


    By SIREM

  • Treatment of Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Through Enhanced Bioremediation

    ProblemAs a result of trichloroethene (TCE) releases to groundwater during the 1960’s, TCE is now found in the sandy aquifer beneath the Site in the form of a dense, non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL). Testing for the vinyl chloride reductase (vcrA) gene (Gene-Trac-VC) and bench scale treatability testing indicated that native Dehalococcoides (Dhc) found at the Site were not uniformly capable of ...


    By SIREM

  • Effect of Ni morphology on removal of pentachlorophenol with Fe/Ni nanomaterials

    Chlorinated phenols are a kind of environmental priority pollutant that attract much attention. Nanosized Fe and Fe/Ni materials are considered as promising options for chlorinated phenol removal. The effect of Ni morphology on the removal of pentachlorophenol (PCP) with Fe/Ni nanomaterials was investigated in this study. Iron nanoparticles and nickel nanomaterials with different shapes were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • TCE contamination of the groundwater - Altus air force base

    LOCATION:  Altus Air Force Base, OklahomaPROJECT DATE:  November 2001 to presentCLIENT:  Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) BACKGROUND: TCE contamination of the groundwater was found at the Altus AFB Site SS-17 at a depth of 7 to 20 feet below ground surface. The aquifer at Altus AFB consists unconsolidated fine-grained alluvial deposits, primarily clay, overlying a fractured ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents - Air force center for environmental excellence

    LOCATION:  Dover, DelawarePROJECT DATE:  October 1999 to presentCLIENT:  Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) BACKGROUND: Groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents is a common problem to many US Air Force Bases. TSI in conjunction with Solutions Industrial & Environmental Services (Solutions-IES) of Raleigh, NC approached AFCEE with an innovative method utilizing ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • KB-1® Bioaugmentation Leading to Site Closure

    Problem DefinitionIn 2004, the site was an active manufacturing facility with plume trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations ranging from 1 to 20 milligrams per liter (mg/L), and hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) ranging from 0.5 to 7 mg/L. Intermediate degradation products of TCE were present in only trace concentrations in this primarily aerobic aquifer. The site source area was excavated in March ...


    By SIREM

  • Treatment of a mixed CVOC and cr contaminated site using in situ chemical reduction (ISCR) and Stimulated Biotic Mineralization

    The implementation of efficient and cost-effective remedial solutions in the clean-up of impacted properties is paramount in returning brownfields and other impacted properties to viable use in the face of the recent real estate market declines. Historical site use of the Cleveland Flats project area included: a manufactured gas plant (circa. 1850), trucking terminal, & plating operations. As ...


  • Electrochemical removal of pentachlorophenol in a lab-scale platinum electrolyzer

    This study is focused on the removal of pentachlorophenol from its aqueous phase by electrochemically induced degradation with Pt electrodes. The objective of this study was to contrast the electrochemical removal of pentachlorophenol at the oxidative and the reductive potentials, and further to understand how to apply the electrochemical treatment on PCP degradation. Lab experiments were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using AquaBupH to adjust aquifer PH: ESTCP-funded project at Charleston Naval weapons station - Case Study

    Elevated levels of trichloroethene (TCE) were found in groundwater at a Department of De-fense (DoD) facility in Charleston, SC. Under an ESTCP-funded in situ technology demonstra-tion project , the Navy had been effectively remediating contamination until a drop in aquifer pH caused dechlorination rates to decline. Solutions-IES responded with a study and applica-tion of buffered substrate to ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Installation of EHC for VOCs

    Project Installation of EHCT for Treatment of Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds Summary Adventus installed 1 ton of EHC® into a trench and 3 tons of EHC® into an open excavation at a site that has groundwater contaminated with a mixture of chlorinated solvents. The Challenge Two areas of contamination were targeted for ...


  • Peracetic Acid – is it an Environmentally Friendly Alternative to Chlorine?

     ABSTRACT Concerns with chlorine disinfection have led to investigation of alternative disinfectants for use in the environmental arena. Are there environmentally safe alternatives to chlorine? Is peracetic acid one among these? Peracetic acid is one among several chemicals that have been touted as a replacement in recent years. Peracetic acid is very effective in killing bacteria, ...

  • DNAPL Source Zone Green & Sustainable Remediation Optics Manufacturing Facility Lebanon, New Hampshire case study

    Project Highlights ERDENHANCED Remediated >99% cVOC source zone [TCE] 100,000 to < 1 μg/L ERDENHANCED Realized Complete Biotransformation with no evidence of rebound ERDENHANCED Provides Multi- Year Sustainability after single deployment event. ERDENHANCED Minimizes Site, Monitoring, and Overall Remediation Costs, saving Client dollars. ...

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